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"that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free." . Emancipation. Proclamation. Emancipation Proclamation. Following one of the few Union victories – Battle of Antietam (creek) September 17, 1862

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"that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and

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"that all persons held as slaves"

within the

rebellious states "are, and

henceforward shall be free."


Emancipation

Proclamation


Emancipation Proclamation

  • Following one of the few Union victories – Battle of Antietam (creek)

    • September 17, 1862

    • Bloodiest single day in American history

  • Morale is waning

  • Lincoln uses the victory to restore faith in the Union, rally troops/volunteers and to change to character of the Civil War


Emancipation Proclamation

  • Applied only to states that had seceded from the Union

  • Allowing slavery in the border states that remained with the Union side throughout the war effort

  • Exempted parts of the Confederacy that had already fallen under Union control

  • Announced the acceptance of black men into the Union Army and Navy (enabling the liberated to be liberators) – first African American regiment 54th Massachusetts


Emancipation Proclamation

  • Is Lincoln the Confederate president?

  • Does the Confederacy listen to Lincoln’s orders?

  • Does the EP really free any slaves at all?

NO!


Emancipation Proclamation

  • In reality the Emancipation Proclamation did not free a single slave because the South did not recognize the statement as binding

  • Transformed the character of the war – In addition to trying to reunite the Union, Lincoln now was slowly ending the institution of slavery

  • Added a moral force to the Union cause and strengthened the Union both militarily and politically (Northerners felt more unified)


“Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.”


In three days…right here in Pennsylvania

July 1,2,3, 1863

*read G.A. in packet


Gettysburg Address

  • November 19, 1863

  • As a dedication to those who perished in this battle

  • Speaks to the past, present, and future of this nation

  • Offers reason for soldiers to keep fighting (dedicate oneself to the unfinished work of these fallen soldiers); do not give up


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