T he d aybreak b oys
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T he D aybreak B oys. By Grace Barry. American Poverty. Irish flooded into America in nineteenth century Settled in run-down neighborhoods Standards were low: provided breeding ground for crime Prostitution and gangs were a symptom.

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T he d aybreak b oys

The Daybreak Boys

By Grace Barry


American poverty

American Poverty

  • Irish flooded into America in nineteenth century

  • Settled in run-down neighborhoods

  • Standards were low: provided breeding ground for crime

  • Prostitution and gangs were a symptom

https://www.google.com/search?site=imghp&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1524&bih=716&q=irish+new+york+19+centurty&oq=irish+new+york+19+centurty&gs_l=img.3...


T he d aybreak b oys

  • Young boys urged into gangs

    • Bowery Boys

    • Dead Rabbits

    • Five Points Gang

  • Many girls became “brothels”

  • “Gangs were sometimes necessary as a support system for the new immigrants, who were otherwise powerless.” – “Background History”

http://library.thinkquest.org/20619/Irish.html


Daybreak b hoys

Daybreak B’hoys

  • Exact origin unknown

  • Named for penchant of early hours and youthfulness

  • Youngest member age 10

  • River pirates

https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/New_York_Emigration_and_Immigration


Daybreak b hoys continued

Daybreak B’hoys (Continued)

  • Irish accent made ‘boys’ into ‘b’hoys’

  • Badge of honor

  • Operated in the Forth Ward in New York

  • Terrorized East River

https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/New_York_Emigration_and_Immigration


Crimes

Crimes

  • Murder

    • Usually of watchmen

  • Mostly were known for robbery of merchant ships

    • Used small dinghies to row up to docked ship

    • Stole what they could

    • Sold it on the 19th century Black Market

  • 20 murders


Members

Members

  • ‘Patsy the barber’

  • Nicholas Saul

  • William Howlett

  • Bill Poole

  • Bill Lowrie

  • Slobbery Jim

  • Many lived life of crime before entering gang

  • ontherealny.com


    Location location location

    Location, Location, Location

    • Slaughterhouse Point

    • Gin mill owned by Pete Williams

    • Intersection of James and Water Streets

    • In vicinity of Five Points

    • Little to no police interference

    ontherealny.com


    Death of leaders

    Death Of Leaders

    • January 28, 1853

    • Execution of Howlett and Saul

      • $100,000

    • Hundreds showed up

    • Slobbery Jim took over gang

      • Gin mill shut down

    www.correctionhistory.org


    Continuance of the legacy

    Continuance Of The Legacy

    • Moved up Water Street to a saloon

      • Owned by Lowrie

    • In 1858, described as better than ever by Herbert Asbury (Gangs of New York)

    • Stronger, more efficient at robbery


    Decline

    Decline

    • When police started killing many members of the gang, Slobbery Jim Disappeared

    • Next in line opted for life of crime elsewhere

    • Creation of Harbor Police Force

      • By Police Chief Matsell


    The end of the daybreak boys

    The End Of The Daybreak Boys

    • Gradually dispersed

    • Some were killed by police

    • Some joined other gangs

    • Others became ‘entrepreneurs’


    Modern day media reference

    Modern Day Media Reference

    • Movie made with Leonardo DiCaprio

    • Depicts a young man trying to kill

      Bill The Butcher

    • Famous gang member reputed

      to have killed many men

    www.counter-currents.com


    Bibliography

    Bibliography

    • "1853: Nicholas Saul and William Howlett, teenage New York gangsters." ExecutedToday.com. http://www.executedtoday.com/2008/01/28/1853-nicholas-saul-and-william-howlett/ (accessed November 23, 2013).

    • Andrews, Evan . "7 Infamous Gangs of New York." History.com. http://www.history.com/news/history-lists/7-infamous-gangs-of-new-york (accessed November 24, 2013).

    • Asbury, Herbert. "River Pirates." In The gangs of New York: an informal history of the underworld. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1937. 60-62.

    • "Background History." Background History. http://www.myrtle-avenue.com/daybreak/background.html (accessed November 24, 2013).

    • Burrows, Edwin G., and Mike Wallace. "City of Immigrants." In Gotham: a history of New York City to 1898. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. 757.

    • McNamara, Robert . "The Five Points, New York's Most Notorious Neighborhood." About.com 19th Century History. http://history1800s.about.com/od/urbanconditions/p/fivepointsnyc.htm (accessed November 24, 2013).

    • Stern, William . "What Gangs of New York Misses." City Journal 23, no. 4 (2003). http://www.city-journal.org/html/eon_1_14_03ws.html (accessed November 21, 2013).

    • Sutton, Charles. "XXXV." In The New York Tombs: its secrets and its mysteries. Montclair, N.J.: Patterson Smith, 1973. 469-474.


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