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Warm Up. How many total carbohydrates can be found in 1 bag of chips?. Testing for the Presence of MACROMOLECULES. Let’s Review. Carbohydrates, proteins, and fats are all essential nutrients. We cannot manufacture these nutrients so we must obtain them from our environment.

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Warm Up

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Warm up

Warm Up

  • How many total carbohydrates can be found in 1 bag of chips?


Testing for the presence of macromolecules

Testing for the Presence of MACROMOLECULES


Let s review

Let’s Review

  • Carbohydrates, proteins, and fats are all essential nutrients.

  • We cannot manufacture these nutrients so we must obtain them from our environment.


What is an indicator

What is an indicator?

  • Indicators are chemical compounds used to detect the presence of other compounds.


Background information

Background Information


What is a control

What is a Control?

  • An acknowledged measure of comparison for quantitative or qualitative value; a criterion.


Test for simple carbohydrates benedict s solution

Test for Simple CarbohydratesBenedict’s solution

  • Benedict's solution is a chemical indicator for simple sugars such as glucose: C6H12O6.

  • Aqua blue: negative test

  • yellow/green/brick red: positive test


Test for simple carbohydrates benedict s solution1

Test for Simple CarbohydratesBenedict’s solution

  • Unlike some other indicators, Benedict’s solution does not work at room temperature - it must be heated first.


Test for complex carbohydrates starches using iki solution

Test for Complex Carbohydrates: Starches using IKI solution

  • IKI solution  (Iodine Potassium Iodine) AKA Lugol’s Iodine

  • color change = blue to black


Test for complex carbohydrates iki solution

Test for Complex CarbohydratesIKI solution

  • Iodine solution is an indicator for a molecule called starch.

  • Starch is a huge molecule made up of hundreds of simple sugar molecules (such as glucose) connected to each other.


Test for vitamin c indophenol solution

Test for Vitamin CIndophenol solution

  • DPIP will turn colorless in the presence of Vitamin C.


Test for chloride silver nitrate solution

Test for ChlorideSilver nitrate solution

  • Silver nitrate reacts with chlorides to form a cloudy white precipitate.


Test for protein amino acids biuret solution

Test for Protein (amino acids)Biuret solution

  • Biuret solution  dark violet blue to pinkish purple


Question

Question

Why didn’t the test tube containing starch change colors?


Who took jerell s ipod

Who took Jerell’s iPod?

  • Jerell is an 11th grade student at NotHere High School who works at McDonald’s on the weekends.

  • While on break, Jerell was studying for his biology test and listening to his new iPod. There were four other workers taking a break at the same time, each having something different for lunch.


Warm up

  • Jerell‘s girlfriend stopped by near the end of his break and he rushed out to see her. Unfortunately, he forgot his iPod and biology book in the break room. When he realized, he hurried back and found only his biology book. Where his iPod was contained food crumbs instead. His iPod was gone!

  • First Jerell freaked out, but he calmed down when he realized he could use his knowledge of macromolecules to figure out which of his coworkers left the crumbs on his textbook and who took his iPod.


Procedure simple carbohydrate

ProcedureSimple carbohydrate

  • Add 5ml of food sample to

    test tube

  • Add 20 drops (3mL) of Benedict solution

  • Place test tube in a hot water bath for 5 minutes.


Procedure fats lipids

ProcedureFats (lipids)

  • Place one drop of food sample on a piece of brown paper.

  • Wait a few minutes for

    the spot to dry.

  • Hold the papers up to the light and determine if each spot is translucent.


Procedure complex carbohydrate

ProcedureComplex carbohydrate

  • Add 1mL-2mL of food sample to test tube

  • Add 5 drops of IKI solution


Procedure vitamin c

ProcedureVitamin C

  • Add 1mL – 2mL of food sample to test tube

  • Add 5 drops of Indophenol solution


Procedure chloride

ProcedureChloride

  • Add 1mL – 2mL of food sample to test tube

  • Add 5 drops of silver nitrate solution


Procedure protein amino acids

ProcedureProtein (amino acids)

  • Add 1mL – 2mL of food sample to test tube

  • Add 10 drops of Biuret solution


Lab safety and clean up

LAB SAFETY and CLEAN UP

NO EDIBLE products in lab

WEAR safety goggles at all times

THOROUGHLY CLEAN lab area and equipment


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