Size and structure of the union movement
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Size and Structure of the Union Movement. Class 1 Size of the Union Movement. Administrative. Reading for next time – finish this topic Final Exam reminder – Thursday, May 8, 3:00-5:30. Review. Relatively little change in how employers respond to unions and bargaining

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Size and Structure of the Union Movement

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Size and structure of the union movement

Size and Structure of the Union Movement

Class 1

Size of the Union Movement


Administrative

Administrative

  • Reading for next time – finish this topic

  • Final Exam reminder – Thursday, May 8, 3:00-5:30


Review

Review

  • Relatively little change in how employers respond to unions and bargaining

  • Employers routinely violate the law in these areas

  • Current administration encourages such behavior


Today

Today

  • Questions

  • Aggregates

  • Sectoral Unionization

  • Overall Rates

  • Factors Explaining the Low US Unionization Rate


I questions

I. Questions

  • What fraction of the US labor force is unionized?

  • What sectors of the economy (i.e. what industries or occupations) are the most unionized and which are least unionized?


Ii aggregates

II. Aggregates

  • About 200 total unions and that number declining

  • Reflects large number of mergers

  • Total Membership – 15.7 million in 2007


Iii sectoral unionization

III. Sectoral Unionization

  • By state

  • By industry

    • Public Sector (2005) 36.5%

    • Private Sector (2005) 7.8%

  • By occupation


Sectoral unionization rates

Sectoral Unionization Rates

  • Race and Ethnic Groups

  • Gender

  • Age

  • Shifts that hurt unions

    • Shift from goods to services

    • Shift from blue collar to white collar

    • Growth of women in the labor force

    • Growth of part-time employment


Iv overall rates

IV. Overall Rates

  • 1956 - 32% employed wage and salary earners unionized

  • 2007 12.1%

  • Public sector35.9%

  • Private sector 7.5%


V factors explaining the low us unionization rate

V. Factors Explaining the Low US Unionization Rate

  • Nature of American unionism

  • Labor force heterogeneity

  • Lack of class consciousness

  • Government hostility to organization of its own workers

  • Shift to white-collar service-based economy

  • Greater private employer hostility than in other countries


Next time

Next Time

  • Union Structure


Union size and structure

Union Size and Structure

Structure of Union Movement


Administrative1

Administrative

  • Reading for next class – first and third

  • Final Exam Reminder – Wednesday, May 7, 3:00-5:30


Review1

Review

  • Union membership has declined to levels of 1900

  • Government employees are the most highly unionized


Today1

Today

  • Governance and Functions of Local Unions

  • Governance and Functions of National Unions

  • Governance and Functions of the AFL-CIO


I local unions

I. Local Unions

  • Functions

    • Primary contact with members

    • Dues collection

    • Contract enforcement

    • Process grievances

    • Negotiation and ratification

    • Operate hiring hall

  • Officers

  • Meetings


Unaffiliated locals

Unaffiliated Locals

  • Federal Labor Unions

  • Bona fide independents

  • Company unions


Ii national unions functions

II. National Unions - Functions

  • Bargaining

  • Support

  • Research

  • Political

  • Coordination


Structure

Structure

  • Conventions

  • Executive Council or Board

    • Composition

    • Functions


Iii afl cio

III. AFL-CIO

  • Functions

    • Jurisdictional

    • Research

    • Coordination

    • Political and Public Relations

  • Officers

    • Pres, Secty-Treas, Executive VP

    • Vice-Presidents


Afl cio

AFL-CIO

Structure

  • Convention

  • Executive Board

  • Sources of authority not primarily structural


Next time1

Next Time

  • Discussion of unions and the underprivileged


  • Login