Windows 7
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Windows 7. Know your Operating System Thanks to Dina Sokol. Windows 7 is an Operating System. An operating system is software ( a computer program ) that manages your computer. What is an OPERATING SYSTEM?. An OS is a computer program that: Controls the hardware of the computer

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Windows 7

Windows 7

Know your Operating System

Thanks to Dina Sokol


Windows 7 is an operating system

Windows 7 is an Operating System

An operating system is software (a computer program) that manages your computer.


What is an operating system

What is an OPERATING SYSTEM?

An OS is a computer program that:

  • Controls the hardware of the computer

  • Enables you to communicate with the computer

  • Organizes the files on the computer


1 os controls hardware

1.OS Controls Hardware

The OS is in charge of allocating resources to processes. Here are some sample resources:

  • CPU time

  • Printer

  • Disk


2 os allows communication

2.OS Allows Communication

The OS is the program that enables communication between a user and a computer. It

  • Accepts data typed in on the keyboard

  • Accepts mouse clicks

  • Determines the proper responses to input

  • Displays messages


User interface

User Interface

A user interface is the combination of hardware and software that allows you to communicate with the computer.

  • Hardware: monitor, keyboard, mouse.

  • Software: programs within the OS that engage you in dialogue


Windows 7

GUI

The goal of a user interface is to be user friendly.

GUI = graphical user interface

is an interface that displays graphics to communicate with the user.

  • Windows

  • Buttons

  • Icons

  • Menus


3 file management

3.File Management

  • The part of the Windows OS that is in charge of file management is called: Windows Explorer.

  • Windows Explorer helps the user organize files by storing them in folders.

  • It displays files.

  • It permits copying, moving and deleting files and folders.


File management

File Management

  • In Windows, files are organized using folders.

  • A folder is also known as a directory.

  • Directories have a hierarchical structure, also called a tree structure.


Directory tree

Directory Tree

Desktop

Courses Pictures

Core Major Family Friends

If you right click on the Computer folder and choose Explore you will see the directory tree on the left. The tree is shown from left to right.


Pathnames

Pathnames

  • The pathname of a file (or folder) is the path from the top of the directory tree down to the file (or folder).

  • The pathname tells the exact location of a file or folder on your computer.

  • Example:

    C:\Documents and Settings\Desktop\Courses\CISC1050


Getting started in windows 7

Getting Started in Windows 7

Now, we begin the hands-on intro to Windows.


The windows desktop

The WINDOWS Desktop

When you log in to your computer, you are looking at your Desktop.

The desktop is meant to simulate a physical desktop, including:

  • Files and folders

  • Trash can (recycle bin)

  • Clock


The windows taskbar

The Windows Taskbar

  • At the bottom of your screen, you have the Windows taskbar, which contains

  • Start Button

  • Programs that are “pinned to taskbar”

  • Icons

  • Preview of open files

  • Time and date


Pinning a program to thetaskbar

Pinning a Program to theTaskbar

  • Drag the program icon to the Taskbar by left-clicking and holding mouse key.

  • Drop icon onto Taskbar.


Taskbar jump list

Taskbar Jump List

  • Right-click on an item on the Taskbar.

  • A list of recently-used items will appear.

  • Left-click to open the desired item from the list.


Windows 7

Snap

  • Allows you to automatically arrange windows

  • Full or half screen

  • Can be turned off if it is annoying!


The start menu

The Start Menu

  • All Programs command

  • Frequently used programs

  • Pinned programs

  • Help

  • Search

  • Shut down


Adding an icon to the desktop

Adding an Icon to the Desktop

  • Click the Start Button

  • Right click on Computer

  • Choose “Show on Desktop”

    In general: the LEFT mouse button selects, and the RIGHT mouse button displays a pop-up menu.


Folder windows

Folder Windows

  • On left – shows the hierarchy (tree)

  • On right – shows contents of this folder

  • Address bar (shows “path” or breadcrumb trails)

  • Search box

  • Tabs


Expanding a folder

Expanding a Folder

  • If the folders do not appear, click on arrow (triangle)

  • You can see the contents of any folder in the hierarchy by clicking on it. (the black arrow means it’s “expanded” and the empty arrow means it’s “collapsed”)


Copying moving files

Copying & Moving Files

  • It is possible to copy and move files using the folders hierarchy

  • RIGHT dragging is the recommended way of copying, since a menu will pop up giving the option of move or copy


Creating a folder

Creating a Folder

  • You can and should create folders to keep your files organized.

  • You can create a folder within a folder (and so on).

  • You can also rename folders as you rename files.


Deleting files and folders

Deleting Files and Folders

  • Moving to the recycle bin is the same as choosing “delete”

  • You can restore items in the recycle bin, until you choose to empty the recycle bin

  • Important: You cannot restore items to a removable drive!


Searching for a file

Searching for a file

If you cannot find a file on your computer:

  • Click on Start button

  • Choose Search

  • Type in your search

Always keep your folders and files organized!


Using help and support

Using Help and Support

  • Click the Start Button and choose Help and Support

  • Within each application program there is help as well.

  • Don’t underestimate your ability to help yourself

  • Of course, you can always resort to a Google search.


  • Login