Chapter 1
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CHAPTER 1. 60 mil. . Tropical Rain Animals. Ice sheets (2 mil.) Valleys, coast Water, soil Mammals. MIGRATION. 100K: land bridge Movement . BARRIERS. Isolation?. Oil, gas Farmland . CLIMATE. 4 . CA: 12k-15k years. Natives: no metals. “Stone Age” Stone vs. metals.

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CHAPTER 1

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CHAPTER 1


60 mil.

  • Tropical

    • Rain

  • Animals


  • Ice sheets (2 mil.)

    • Valleys, coast

    • Water, soil

  • Mammals


MIGRATION

  • 100K: land bridge

  • Movement


BARRIERS

  • Isolation?


  • Oil, gas

  • Farmland


CLIMATE

  • 4


  • CA: 12k-15k years


  • Natives: no metals


  • “Stone Age”

  • Stone vs. metals


CA NATIVES

  • Backwards, inferior?

  • Ignorance

  • Racism: inferiority


“RACE”


FOOD

  • Variety


  • Work division

    • Overlap


CA. POP.

  • 300K+: 1769

  • 25K: 1869

  • 5 language groups

    • Hundreds dif. lang.


TRIBES

  • Gabrielinos- L.A.

  • Chumash- Ven, SB


CONFLICT

  • Mostly peaceful

  • Captives, torture


POLITICS

  • Chief

  • Council


CULTURE

  • Housing

  • Fashion?

    • Men: none

    • Women: knee length

  • Body paint


CLASS

  • $$: communal

  • Little

  • Except: NW (slavery, wealth)


FAMILY

  • Most important

  • First: small

    • Evolved


  • Marriage

    • Formal, honored

    • Ceremony

    • Rituals: jealousy dance

  • Divorce

    • difficult

  • Prostitution?


LEISURE

  • Games, gambling

  • Hoop and ball

  • “football?”


SEX

  • Premarital sex

  • Adultery, misconduct


WOMEN

  • Imp. role

  • Leaders, builders


SWEATHOUSE

  • Men

  • Clean, healthy

  • Social?


RELIGION

  • Shaman

  • “Creator”


TOLOACHE (JIMSONWEED)


  • Arctic: Inuit (Eskimo)


  • Anasazi, Pueblo

  • Later: Apache, Navajo


  • Lakota (Sioux)


  • Cherokee, Iroquois

  • Wooden longhouse


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