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DO NOW. Please write down the HW. Take out your FHAO packet. Have out all notes we have taken in topic 2. Week 2, Germany History Part 1. The Weimar Republic 1919-1933. Weimar: 3 Parts. Part 1: Weimar 1919-1923 BAD Part 2: Weimar 1924-1929 Good Part 3: Weimar 1929-1933 BAD.

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Do now

DO NOW

  • Please write down the HW.

  • Take out your FHAO packet.

  • Have out all notes we have taken in topic 2


Week 2 germany history part 1

Week 2, Germany History Part 1

The Weimar Republic

1919-1933


Weimar 3 parts

Weimar: 3 Parts

  • Part 1: Weimar 1919-1923 BAD

  • Part 2: Weimar 1924-1929 Good

  • Part 3: Weimar 1929-1933 BAD


Unemployment in germany

Unemployment in Germany


Nazi party membership

Nazi Party Membership


Weimar part 1 1919 to 1923

Weimar Part 1: 1919 to 1923

  • Terrible Times: Inflation and Chaos


1924 to 1929 is good

1924 to 1929 is GOOD

  • US loans Germany money and their debts are reduced (mid 1920s things get better)

    • Art/Architecture- Bahaus school

    • Music- famous composers like Arnold Schonberg

    • Fashion- Berlin and important center (lots of clothing manufacturing)

    • Modern technology, famous scientists in Germany: Albert Einstein, Max Planck


Jews considered themselves we

Jews Considered Themselves “WE”

Think of how people become “They”

Who is they at WMS? In the U.S.? In the world?

How and why does this happen?

When does it turn “bad”?


Jewish life in europe

Jewish Life in Europe

  • Most Jews lived in Eastern Europe (Poland, Soviet Union, Hungary) and most lived in “shetls” (Jewish village.). They spoke Yiddish, dressed traditionally, etc.

  • Jews In Western Europe (Germany, France, Britain), were assimilated. Were in all jobs, spoke language of country, etc. They considered themselves German, French, etc.


Meanwhile adolf hitler

…Meanwhile Adolf Hitler:

  • Born in 1889: Braunau, Austria

  • Low middle class family

  • Characterized as lazy; believed he deserved success

  • 1908: Failed to get into art school

  • 1913: Unemployed

  • 1914: WWI-turning pt. in his life… military discipline and success!


Meanwhile adolf hitler1

…Meanwhile Adolf Hitler:

  • October 1918: blinded by gas attack

  • WWI: Germany’s idealistic crusade

  • 1920: Joined/co-crated NAZI party (National Socialist Working Party)

    • Hitler became director of propaganda

    • “Volk” and “Lebensraum”

  • 1923: Nazi Party reaches 55,000 …push for revolution!

    • (15,000 armed party members SA storm troop)


Nov 8 9 1923 beer hall putsch

Nov. 8-9 1923 Beer Hall Putsch


Paris 1933

Paris, 1933


Jewish quarter paris 1933

Jewish Quarter, Paris, 1933


Weimar 1929 1933 the great depression changes everything

Weimar 1929-1933The Great Depression Changes Everything

  • In 1929, the stock market crash in US sends whole world into Depression.

  • Millions lose jobs.

  • Weimar government cuts spending to help those in need because it is out of cash.

  • Weimar government very unpopular, and returns Weimar to the chaos of 1919-24.


Unemployment skyrockets

Unemployment Skyrockets!


Do now1

DO NOW

  • Please write down the HW.

  • Take out your FHAO packet.

  • Have out/open the notes we were taking yesterday on Weimar Republic.


Do now 4100039

1929: The Great DepressionEconomic Troubles Return

Unemployment

1928- 1,862,000

1929- 2,850,000

1930- 3,217,000

1931- 4.886.000

1932- 6,042,000


How do germans handle the tension

How Do Germans handle the tension?

  • Underlying tensions:

    • WWI feelings

    • distrust of Democracy

    • Anti-Semitic attitudes

    • Economic crisis

  • Where do Hitler and Nazis come in?


Nazi power in 1920 s

Nazi Power in 1920’s

There were dozens of political parties in Weimar that tried to elect represenatives to the Reichstag, the legislative branch. Here are three. The chart shows what % of the Reichstag each party controlled. What do you notice happens over time?


What about that hitler guy

What about that Hitler guy?

  • Hitler and his Nazi Party had tried to take over the Weimar government in 1923.

  • The attempt failed. Why?

  • Hitler was jailed. He was supposed to spend 5 years in jail, but he only served for 1 year.

  • While in jail, Hitler wrote a book, Mein Kampf (my struggle). The book had two main themes: 1. Blaming Jews for Germany’s problems, and 2. Claiming Germany needed room to expand.


Weimar part 3 1928 1933 why did the nazi party s popularity increase so dramatically from 1928 1930

Weimar, Part 3: 1928-1933Why did the Nazi Party’s popularity increase so dramatically from 1928-1930?

  • Hitler (the leader of the Nazi Party) claimed to have all of the answers to Germany’s problems. The depression had just hit and many people in Germany needed a strong leader to help save their country.

  • The Nazis also staged quite a campaign - they put on parades, broadcasted on the radio, put together films, gave speeches, etc.


Not to mention

Not to mention …

  • Hitler was a very powerful speaker.


Powerful speaker

Powerful speaker…

Germans, stand together! Up and resist the foe!...So long as this Treaty stands there can be no resurrection of the German people…The treaty was made in order to bring 20 million Germans to their deaths and to ruin the German nation…He who will not be a hammer must be an anvil. An anvil we are today, and that anvil will be beaten until out of the anvil we fashion once more a hammer, a German sword!”


What did hitler s party promise the people of germany

What did Hitler’s party promise the people of Germany?

  • Promised jobs and food. This attracted the vote of the unemployed workers, small farmers,industrialists, and shopkeepers, who were nearly bankrupt and accepted his promise of good earnings.

  • Promised to restore law and order. This attracted urban Germans, who were fed up with the crime and disorder in the cities.

  • Promised to destroy the Communists. This attracted the upper and middle class property owners, who feared that the communists would take over Germany and seize all of their private holdings and wealth.

  • Promised to restore honor and glory to Germany by tearing up the Treaty of Versailles (refusing to pay the war debts, building up the German army). This attracted nearly all Germans who felt that the treaty had destroyed their country.


Do now2

Do Now:

  • Please write down the HW.

  • If you were NOT here on Fri, you need to get notes from someone you trust who WAS here.

  • Take out your FHAO packet.


What did hitler s party promise the people of germany1

What did Hitler’s party promise the people of Germany?

  • Promised jobs and food.

  • Promised to restore law and order.

  • Promised to destroy the Communists.

  • Promised to restore honor and glory to Germany by tearing up the Treaty of Versailles (refusing to pay the war debts, building up the German army).

  • What types of people would this appeal to?


Blame and pride

Blame and Pride

  • Blame: Hitler found ways to put the blame for the horrid conditions on someone else, thus giving the German people a scapegoat for their suffering.

    • Traitorous polticians: stabbed germany in back by signing the Treaty of Versailles

    • Jews: who he claimed “controlled all the money in the world”

  • Pride: Called true Germans a “master race” that was destined to rule the world.


Reaction to the images texts

Reaction to the images/texts

  • Which image/text was most notable to you? Why?

  • Which image/text do you want to know more about (the most)? Why

  • Which image/text confused you? Why?


But why the jews

But WHY the Jews?

  • If they Jews were only 1% of the population

  • And most German Jews were assimilated people who considered themselves GERMAN

  • Then how did they become THEY? The Other?

  • Why did people believe Hitler?


Let s look at the nazi platform

Let’s look at the Nazi Platform

  • There is ONE specific ‘point’ written into the Nazi Platform that ends up relating to several other ‘points’…


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