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Background for Discussion GTIN-14 on DEIG Product Label. Distribution Executives Interest Group March 9, 2006. Discussion Points. Is the configuration of the GTIN-14 on the DEIG-recommended Product Label the most appropriate for the Book Industry?

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Background for discussion gtin 14 on deig product label l.jpg

Background for DiscussionGTIN-14 on DEIG Product Label

Distribution Executives Interest Group

March 9, 2006


Discussion points l.jpg
Discussion Points

  • Is the configuration of the GTIN-14 on the DEIG-recommended Product Label the most appropriate for the Book Industry?

  • Once consensus is achieved on the first point, would more explanation or description of the coding in the DEIG Guidelines be helpful?



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What is GTIN-14?

  • The Global Trade Item Number (or GTIN) is a family of internationally recognized identifiers

  • It includes:

    • UPC – Universal Product Code (12/13 digits)

    • EAN – International Article Number (13 digits)

    • GTIN-14 (14 digits)

    • Other identifiers

  • Any member of the family can be expressed as a GTIN-14 by right justifying it and zero filling to the left


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Why Use GTIN-14?

  • We need some way to indicate on the outside of a carton the contents of that carton

  • GTIN-14 was developed by GS1 to meet that need and is utilized widely by general retailing

  • If the Book Industry adopts the GTIN-14 standard (which we have), we align ourselves with national and global supply chain practices

  • By aligning ourselves with global practices, we:

    • Meet the needs of a wide range of customers

    • Enable participation in Global Data Synchronization (GDS) or standardized data distribution

    • Gain the potential for supply chain efficiencies

    • Leverage techniques developed elsewhere


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GTIN-14 (Review)

  • The GTIN-14 is built by placing the ISBN-13 (or any other EAN) in a 14-digit field, adding a prefix, and recalculating the check digit

  • Prefix ‘0’ indicates the unit level (the item itself)

  • Prefixes ‘1’ – ‘8’ have significance as packaging level indicators

ISBN-13

978-1-234-56789-7

GTIN-14 (Unit)

09781234567897

GTIN-14 (PL, e.g., Carton)

19781234567894


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GTIN-14 (Review)

GTIN-14 (Unit)

09781234567897

  • Prefix ‘0’ indicates unit level (the item itself)

  • This form is used primarily in electronic communications

    • Data Synchronization

    • Business Transactions

  • It rarely appears on the outside of a carton; then usually when the carton contains a single item


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GTIN-14 and Data Synchronization

  • Data synchronization means establishing sources of standardized product data

    • Data with known, validated attributes (properties)

    • Data that may be used by all participants in a supply chain

  • The GTIN-14 is the standard identifier for Global Data Synchronization (GDS)

  • Participation by the Book Industry in Global Data Synchronization is inevitable:

    • Traditional booksellers sell non-book products

    • General retailers sell books


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GTIN-14 (Review)

  • Prefixes ‘1’ – ‘8’ have significance as Packaging Level indicators

  • The prefixes do not have fixed definitions

  • For one item,

    • ‘1’ = Carton of 24

    • ‘2’ = Carton of 36

  • For another item,

    • ‘1’ = Carton of 12

    • ‘2’ = Pallet of 400

GTIN-14 (PL, e.g., Carton)

19781234567894


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Packaging Level

  • Packaging Level is designated by the supplier

    • Customers can only request Packaging Levels that have been designated by the supplier

    • Packaging level information must be transmitted before business transactions can take place

  • Packaging level is a major factor in general retail supply chains (case pack handling)

    • Distribution and stock receiving by case pack is more efficient than single item handling

    • Thus most ordering in general retailing is by case pack



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Unit and Carton Identifiers

GTIN-14

UPC

(EAN)



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Packaging Level IndicatorGeneral Retailing

  • By convention or common usage (not mandated by standard), a leading digit of ‘1’ usually signifies a basic case pack in general retailing

  • Manufacturers may choose other values (‘2’ through ‘’8’) for standard case pack or for other packaging levels

  • In general retailing, Carton Quantity is transmitted through data synchronization


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Packaging Level IndicatorBook Industry

  • DEIG-recommended Product Label follows the convention of ‘1’ as case pack

  • Carton Quantity is transmitted by inclusion on the Product Label (for now) and may vary for the same title


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DEIG Product LabelGTIN-14 – 19781234567894Carton Quantity – 24 (this carton only)


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Packaging Level IndicatorBook Industry

  • In the future, other Packaging Levels may be designated by suppliers to improve efficiency through the supply chain


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Discussion Points

  • Is the configuration of the GTIN-14 on the DEIG-recommended Product Label the most appropriate for the Book Industry?

  • Once consensus is achieved on the first point, would more explanation or description of the coding in the DEIG Guidelines be helpful?


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