U.S. History EOCT test. Unit 2 Preparation. SSUSH 4. 4a. Explain the l anguage , organization , and intellectual sources of the Declaration of Independence ; including the writing of John Locke and the role of Thomas Jefferson. Declaration of Independence.
U.S. History EOCT test
Unit 2 Preparation
Ideals & Beliefs – Social Contract.
Explain the reason for and significance of the French Alliance and foreign assistance and the roles of Benjamin Franklin and the Marquis de Lafayette
Marquis de Lafayette
Conflicts & Compromise – American Revolution.
Analyze George Washington as a military leader; include the creation of a professional military and the life of a common soldier, and describe the significance of the crossing of the Delaware River and Valley Forge.
Explain the role of geography at the Battle of Yorktown, the role of Lord Cornwallis, and the Treaty of Paris 1783.
Explain how the weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation and Daniel Shay’s Rebellion led to a call for a stronger central government.
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
Provoked a need for Stronger Government
Need for stronger Government!
Evaluate the major arguments of the anti-federalists and the Federalists concerning form of government, factions, checks and balances, and the power of executive, including the roles of Alexander Hamilton and James Madison.
Explain the key features of the Constitution, specifically the Great Compromise, separation of powers (influence of Montesquieu), limited government, and the issue of slavery.
Arguments at the Constitutional Convention
The most heated argument at the Constitutional Convention was over the issue of state representation would be determined in the new Legislative branch?
How would each state be represented in the Legislative branch of the new government?
Would slaves be counted into the population in determining state representation for the House of Representatives?
Would slaves be counted into the Census that happens every ten years?
Federalist & Anti-federalist Argue Over Ratification (approval) of U.S. Constitution
Patrick Henry, an anti – Federalist is known for 2 quotes
“Give me Liberty or Give me death!”
“I believe I smell a rat!”
Analyze how the Bill of Rights serves as a protector of individual and state’s rights.
The Right to Bear Arms
Each state a
Cannot force citizens to
House soldiers in time of
Has 3 bedroom
elf - Incrimination
nformed of the charges
ompel witnesses to testify
onfront opposing witnesses
peedy & Public Trial
Is this a Fair & Impartial Jury?
Guarantees Jury Trials in civil cases with Twenty dollars or more in Dispute!
Protects citizens from
Cruel & Unusual Punishment and Excessive Bails & Fines!
People still have rights that
are not listed in the Bill of Rights !
Explain the importance of the Presidencies of George Washington and John Adams; include the Whiskey Rebellion, non-intervention in Europe, and development of political parties (Alexander Hamilton).
2. George Washington also warned against creating Political Parties (Factions).
Explain the Northwest Ordinance’s importance in the westward migration of Americans, and on slavery, public education, and the addition of new states.