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Next Generation Geoscience Visualization Systems. Brian Davis USGS Center for Earth Resources and Observation Science 2006 Geoinformatics Conference May 12, 2006 – USGS National Center, Reston, VA Cyberinfrastructure and Visualization. Overview. (Ancient) History GeoWall GeoWall 2 PG2

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next generation geoscience visualization systems

Next Generation Geoscience Visualization Systems

Brian Davis

USGS Center for Earth Resources and Observation Science

2006 Geoinformatics Conference

May 12, 2006 – USGS National Center, Reston, VA

Cyberinfrastructure and Visualization

overview
Overview
  • (Ancient) History
  • GeoWall
  • GeoWall2
  • PG2
  • Software
  • Science
  • Future
history ancient
History (Ancient)

1990 High-Performance Computing & Communications

1995 MAGIC – DARPA sponsored Gigabit Networking Testbed using interactive visualization application

2000 USGS Prospectus-funded Beowulf Cluster Research Project was the Catalyst

2001 Initial GeoWall Meeting

2002 GeoWall Consortium formulation; serial #3 at UGSS/EROS

2003 Invited to participate in NSF OptIPuter grant

2004 Commercial software catching up with GeoWall technology

2005 More focus on OptIPuter, less on GeoWall Consortium

2006 Deployment to Geoscientists

history recent
History (Recent)
  • We are descendents of CAVEs (Virtual Reality) - Very expensive
  • Dual-output (Stereo) graphics cards for PC Motherboards - Inexpensive
  • CAVElib port to linux
  • GeoWall Consortium Formulation
  • Hardware < $10K
  • Windows and OS X apps
  • Commercial GIS Software
slide5

Number of GeoWalls – 12/03

$15,000*

$6,000*

2-10 new systems a week

(*Cost of a modest system)

slide10

Low-End GeoWall

Stereo Printed Maps

  • Topography without contours
  • No crashing
  • Inexpensive
  • Will work next year
  • Can be used in the field
status
Status
  • Affordable 3D stereo visualization
  • Research collaborations initiated
  • Over 500 by Dec. 2005, current est. = ?
  • 10% of all U.S. Geology undergraduates
  • Over 15 museums
  • 20 papers and presentations at 2003 AGU
  • One half-day Session at 2004 AGU
  • Integrating into Geology curriculums in 2005 (MN, NAU)
  • 2006: Deployment outside academia
geowall 2
GeoWall2
  • GeoWall2 (PerspecTile)
    • Cluster-based tiled display -- large screen real estate
  • OptIPuter
  • 64-bit visualization software
  • Designed for high-bandwidth interactive visualization
geowall 23
GeoWall2

1991 SGI benchmarking, Parallel Programming at Argonne, SC ‘91

1992 TMC C* Class, Surface Hydrology Modeling: CUG and SC ‘92

1993 MSC/AHPCRC CM-5 training

1994 Prototype Landsat-7 Terrain Correction

1995 MAGIC, Landcover classification

1990 High-Performance Computing & Communications

2000 USGS Prospectus-funded Beowulf Cluster Project – Catalyst

geowall 24
GeoWall2

1990 High-Performance Computing & Communications

1991 SGI benchmarking, Parallel Programming at Argonne, SC ‘91

1992 TMC C* Class, Drainage on a Cray: CUG and SC ‘92

1993 MSC/AHPCRC CM-5 training

1994 Prototype Landsat-7 Terrain Correction

1995 MAGIC, landcover classifiation

2000 USGS Beowulf Clustering Prospectus

2001 GeoWall Consortium

2003 GeoWall2: cluster-based tiled display

2004 OptIPuter, xindi

optiputer1
OptIPuter
  • NSF-funded High-Speed Networking Research grant
  • PI: Larry Smarr, UCSD
  • Co-PI: Jason Leigh, U of IL – Chicago (Visualization)
  • Interactive, collaborative visualizations over the National LambdaRail
software
Software
  • Commercial software vendors are catching up with GeoWall Hardware deployment
  • We are just at the beginning of that curve again with GeoWall2 software
science
Science
  • Tools for Geo-Scientists must be usable within their existing domains
  • Technology must continue be
    • Commodity parts
    • Low cost
    • Hardened
    • Compatible with commercial software
future
Future
  • Networks are becoming faster
  • Data sets are becoming larger and more complex
  • Visualization will have to be remote, interactive, collaborative, ….
slide29

2003 Rampage Fire: LANDFIRE Fuel Models, FARSITE Simulated Fire Spread and DNBR Fire Perimeter

Timber (Litter and understory)

Closed timber litter (Lodgepole pine and aspen stands)

N

Short brush dominated

Short grasses

Alpine / barren

Ag / urban

Water

Roads

Lessons Learned

DNBR (Difference Normalized Burn Ratio)

FARSITE prediction

Lake

McDonald

US Highway 2

USGS: usgs.gov

EROS: edc.usgs.gov

LANDFIRE: www.landfire.gov

Fire Sciences Lab: www.firelab.org

GeoWall GeoWall.org

Hungry Horse Reservoir

arcgis 9 0 arcscene
ArcGIS 9.0 ArcScene
  • 2003 Rampage Fire simulation/prediction
contacts
Contacts

[email protected]

http://GeoWall.org

http://optiputer.net

bibliography
Bibliography

Research is supported in part by grants from the National Science Foundation (ANI-0225642, EAR-0219246, and EAR-0218918)

Steinwand, D., Davis, B., Weeks, N., 2003, “GeoWall: Investigations into Low-Cost Stereo Display Technologies”, USGS Open File Report 03-198

Leigh, J., Morin, P., Johnson, A., DeFanti, T., Brown, M., Sandin, D., Rack, F., Vernon, F., Orcutt, J., Davis, B., van Keken, P., Smarr, L., 2003, “GeoWall-2: a Scalable Display System for the GeoSciences”, Fall 2003 American Geophysical Union Conference, San Francisco, CA, December 8-12, 2003

Leigh, J., Renambot, L., Johnson, A., Brown, M., Sandin, J., DeFanti, T., Ellisman, M., Orcutt, J., Smarr, L., Davis, B., Morin, P., Ito, E., Rack, F., 2004, “Challenges in Ultra-High-Resolution Visualization and Collaboration”, 2004, High Information Content Display Systems Symposium, Arlington, VA, September 13-14, 2004,

Krishnaprasad, N., Vishwanath, V., Venkataraman, S., Rao, A., Renambot, L., Leigh, J., Johnson, A., Davis, B., 2004, “JuxtaView – A Tool for Interactive Visualization of Large Imagery on Scalable Tiled Displays”, Cluster Computing 2004, San Diego, CA, Sep. 20-23, 2004

background
Background
  • USGS Prospectus-funded Research Project had tiny visualization component
  • Momentum from development of GeoWall Consortium
    • Geo – Geology (Geography… Geometry… Geo…)
    • Wall – One wall of a cave – descendent of CAVElib
    • 3-D Viz on the cheap
  • GeoWall Consortium - formulation without funding
    • Jason Leigh University of Illinois – Chicago (UIC), Electronic Visualization Laboratory (EVL) – Cave Technology
    • Peter van Keken, University of Michigan - Geology
    • Paul Morin, U of Minnesota – Geology Visualization, Wall Evangelist
    • Brian Davis, EROS – Data Pimp
slide34

Next Generation Geoscience Visualization Systems

Brian Davis

USGS Center for Earth Resources and Observation Science

2006 Geoinformatics Conference

May 12, 2006 – USGS National Center, Reston, VA

Cyberinfrastructure and Visualization

state of the wall
State of the Wall
  • Past
  • Present
  • Future
deployment
Deployment
  • Commercial GIS Software
    • ESRI ArcGIS
    • MDL Chime
    • DGI EarthVision
    • MMK Roma
    • IVS Fledermaus
    • VRCO VGEO
    • AGI Satellite Tool Kit
  • Additional Display Options
    • Immersadesk4
    • Planar
future1
Future
  • Commercial GIS Software

ESRI ArcGIS, MDL Chime, DGI EarthVision, MMK Roma, IVS Fledermaus, VRCO VGEO, AGI Satellite Tool Kit

  • GeoWall2
  • PG2 – Personal GeoWall2
  • Stereo
    • Science Museum of Minnesota – St. Paul
future2
Future
  • Commercial GIS Software

ESRI ArcGIS, MDL Chime, DGI EarthVision, MMK Roma, IVS Fledermaus, VRCO VGEO, AGI Satellite Tool Kit

  • GeoWall2
  • PG2 – Personal GeoWall2
  • Stereo
    • Science Museum of Minnesota – St. Paul
    • Printed Maps
future3
Future
  • Commercial GIS Software

ESRI ArcGIS, MDL Chime, DGI EarthVision, MMK Roma, IVS Fledermaus, VRCO VGEO, AGI Satellite Tool Kit

  • GeoWall2
  • PG2 – Personal GeoWall2
  • Stereo
    • Science Museum of Minnesota – St. Paul
    • Printed maps
    • Passive Stereo LCDs – Interlaced pixels for an audience of one – no glasses
    • Stereo Photographs
demonstration wall evolution
Demonstration: Wall Evolution
  • Earthquake Epicenters
  • Landsat Stereo Pairs
  • ESRI ArcScene 4-D Animation
  • Stereo Photography
  • High-resolution aerial photography and LIDAR elevations
bibliography1
Bibliography

Research is supported in part by grants from the National Science Foundation (ANI-0225642, EAR-0219246, and EAR-0218918)

Steinwand, D., Davis, B., Weeks, N., 2003, “GeoWall: Investigations into Low-Cost Stereo Display Technologies”, USGS Open File Report 03-198

Leigh, J., Morin, P., Johnson, A., DeFanti, T., Brown, M., Sandin, D., Rack, F., Vernon, F., Orcutt, J., Davis, B., van Keken, P., Smarr, L., 2003, “GeoWall-2: a Scalable Display System for the GeoSciences”, Fall 2003 American Geophysical Union Conference, San Francisco, CA, December 8-12, 2003

Davis, B., 2004, “Virtual Reality Meets GIS: 3D on the Wall”, ArcNews, Summer 2004, Vol. 26 No.2

Davis, B., 2004, “Affordable Systems for Viewing Spatial Data in Stereo”, ArcUSer, July-September 2004

Davis, B., Morin, P., Ramstad, M., 2004, “Three-Dimensional Anaglyph of the Earth, ESRI Map Book Volume Nineteen, 2004

Leigh, J., Renambot, L., Johnson, A., Brown, M., Sandin, J., DeFanti, T., Ellisman, M., Orcutt, J., Smarr, L., Davis, B., Morin, P., Ito, E., Rack, F., 2004, “Challenges in Ultra-High-Resolution Visualization and Collaboration”, 2004, High Information Content Display Systems Symposium, Arlington, VA, September 13-14, 2004,

Krishnaprasad, N., Vishwanath, V., Venkataraman, S., Rao, A., Renambot, L., Leigh, J., Johnson, A., Davis, B., 2004, “JuxtaView – A Tool for Interactive Visualization of Large Imagery on Scalable Tiled Displays”, Cluster Computing 2004, San Diego, CA, Sep. 20-23, 2004

contacts1
Contacts

http://GeoWall.org

http://optiputer.net

[email protected]

references
References

http://edc.usgs.gov

http://GeoWall.org

http://www.evl.uic.edu/cavern/optiputer/

slide44

GeoWall Index

(With respect to Harper’s Index, as of 12/03)

Approximate number of GeoWalls:250

Number outside the US:~30

Percentage in the classroom:~75%

Percentage of non-major earth science students that see a GeoWall in the US:15-25%

Average cost of one “CAVE”:$1.5 million

Cost of the GeoWalls currently in educational service:$1.5 million

Most popular material:USGS’s Stereo LANDSAT Imagery

Data transferred from GeoWall.org:279 Gigabytes

Busiest day on GeoWall.org:300,000 hits in 8 hours on September 1, 2002 (Slashdot.org article)

Publications beginning to appear

road shows
Road Shows
  • National Park Service Regional HQ, Omaha
  • SDSM&T
  • Sinte Gleska University
  • Missouri River Institute, USD
  • Grand Canyon National Park
  • Russell Senate Office Building
  • 03 SD Technology Summit
  • Space Days, Washington Pavilion
  • MIB (Main Interior Building), Washington, D.C.
  • USGS Headquarters (x2)
  • ESRI User Conference, San Diego, CA
  • GIS Day, EPA HQ
  • 04 DSU CECIS Symposium
  • EDC Auditorium
notable audiences
Notable Audiences
  • Under-Secretaries of DOI
  • SD Sen. Tom Daschle
  • NASA deputy director
  • SD Governor Mike Rounds
  • CBS News
  • Federal Agency and Academic Collaborators
  • Various USGS HQ staff
  • BOR
  • Jamie Rounds, SD 2010 Initiative
  • FEMA Regional Director
  • Students
  • Teachers
  • USGS Directors
  • Ukrainian Land and Resource Management Center
  • National Wetlands Inventory Coordinator
  • National Volcano Hazards Program Coordinator
  • Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance
  • Canadian Center for Remote Sensing
  • Naval Oceanographic Office
  • Chinese Bureau of Mapping
  • NIMA
  • State-wide Lewis&Clark Meeting
  • SD Geography Bee
slide47

Development Direction Thus Far

Hardware development

  • Now stable and spun off to 4 companies

Software development

  • “Seed” applications freely distributed
  • Encourage the support of GeoWall software by key vendors:

ESRI ArcGIS, MDL Chime, DGI EarthVision, MMK Roma, IVS Fledermaus, VRCO VGEO, AGI Satellite Tool Kit

Establishment of GeoWall community

  • 4th Annual GeoWall Meeting Spring – May 2004
  • Special interest groups being established
  • Museum community underway
slide48

GeoWall Museum Network

Alaska: The Imaginarium, Anchorage.

Illinois: SciTech Hands on Museum, Aurora;Discovery Center, Rockford; Lake County Discovery Museum, Wauconda; Lakeview Museum, Peoria.

Indiana: Evansville Museum of Arts and Science, Evansville; Science Central, Fort Wayne; Children’s Science and Technology Museum, Terre Haute.

Iowa: Bluedorn Science Imaginarium, Waterloo.

Texas: Don Harrington Discovery Center, Amarillo

Other Museums:

Chicago Museum of Science and Industry

Adler Planetarium, Chicago

Science Museum of Minnesota

Lowell Observatory

Texas Memorial Museum - UT Austin

final points
Final Points
  • GeoWall is now going beyond earth sciences
  • Price can’t get much lower
  • Basic technology is ready
  • Vendors are supporting the community
  • Critical mass is being reached in the academic geosciences
  • Assessment is just beginning
  • Timing for feedback is excellent
  • Opportunities for collaborative research
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