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“Economic Cooperation through Women Entrepeneur within BSEC” Gülseren Onanç KAGİDER Women Entrepreneur Association of Turkey BSEC&Konrad Adenauer Stiftung 1 October 2009 Kisinev/Moldova. Concentrations. Gender perspective of BSEC Women Entrepreneurship BSEC region as a potential market

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“Economic Cooperation through Women Entrepeneur within BSEC”

Gülseren Onanç

KAGİDER

Women Entrepreneur Association of Turkey

BSEC&Konrad Adenauer Stiftung

1 October 2009

Kisinev/Moldova


Concentrations
Concentrations BSEC”

  • Gender perspective of BSEC

  • Women Entrepreneurship

  • BSEC region as a potential market

  • Ways of development women entrepreneurship within BSEC



Bsec and gender sensitivity
BSEC and Gender Sensitivity? BSEC”

  • 1 out of 4 “Directorial Staff” ‘s women: Ambassador Sumru Noyan, 2 of 8 “Professional Staff” are women (25%)

  • Is gender equality an issue or a policy?

  • Would Economical development / cooperation be possible without women participation?

  • Thanks to Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung supporting women entrepreneurship



Why care about entrepreneurship
Why Care About Entrepreneurship? BSEC”

  • Entrepreneurship

    • Contributes to economic growth

    • Leaps in human progress

    • Offers potential of greater wealth and upward mobility

    • Provides an alternative to wage employment

    • Creates jobs

  • Basis for sustainable economy and democracy


Who is an entrepreneur
Who is an entrepreneur? BSEC”

  • Major personal characteristics of entrepreneurship:

    • Being able to take risky decisions,

    • Having both a creative and pushy personality

    • Being able to predict and foresee,

    • Realizing the things that others couldn’t have realized,

    • Showing effective leadership and having positive courage.

    • who not only thinks and establish blueprints but also chooses to “act”.

  • Entrepeneurship is a culture that is effected by different factors


Factors influence to become an entrepreneur
Factors Influence to become an Entrepreneur BSEC”

  • Education

    • Secondary education is important for women, positively correlated with the firm size

  • Networks

    • Information, access to target group, role models

  • Risk perception

  • Rewards

    • Autonomy, financial success, and status


Women entrepreneurs
Women Entrepreneurs BSEC”

  • Women owned firms are

    • smaller scaled operations in terms of sales revenues

    • generate more profit per unit of sales revenue

    • have higher returns to scale which means that women would gain more from increasing their firm size

    • Active in service, food and agricultural products, clothing sectors

  • This is because women are

    • capital constrained

    • concentrated in industries with small firm size


Bsec land of opportunity
BSEC :Land of Opportunity BSEC”

  • 350 million people

  • 96 billon US $ Foreign Trade Capacity (UNDP estimation) and only half of this potential is tapped

  • High potential sectors: textile, clothing, food and beverages, metal products, agricultural products, beverages, paper and printer material, travel services, commercial services (consultancy, education, health care)


Development women entrepreneurship within bsec
Development women entrepreneurship within BSEC BSEC”

  • Black Sea Trade and Investment Promotion Program

    • Match making events within the countries

    • Support countries women entrepreneurship policies

    • Utilize EBRD resources for credits to women owned businesses

    • Cooperatıon could be develop in the following sectors

      • clothing, food, agricultural products, travel services, commercial services (consultancy, education, health care)

    • Develop a gender action plan


Thank you…. BSEC”


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