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“Economic Cooperation through Women Entrepeneur within BSEC” Gülseren Onanç KAGİDER

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“Economic Cooperation through Women Entrepeneur within BSEC” Gülseren Onanç KAGİDER Women Entrepreneur Association of Turkey BSEC&Konrad Adenauer Stiftung 1 October 2009 Kisinev/Moldova. Concentrations. Gender perspective of BSEC Women Entrepreneurship BSEC region as a potential market

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“Economic Cooperation through Women Entrepeneur within BSEC”

Gülseren Onanç

KAGİDER

Women Entrepreneur Association of Turkey

BSEC&Konrad Adenauer Stiftung

1 October 2009

Kisinev/Moldova

concentrations
Concentrations
  • Gender perspective of BSEC
  • Women Entrepreneurship
  • BSEC region as a potential market
  • Ways of development women entrepreneurship within BSEC
bsec and gender sensitivity
BSEC and Gender Sensitivity?
  • 1 out of 4 “Directorial Staff” ‘s women: Ambassador Sumru Noyan, 2 of 8 “Professional Staff” are women (25%)
  • Is gender equality an issue or a policy?
  • Would Economical development / cooperation be possible without women participation?
  • Thanks to Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung supporting women entrepreneurship
why care about entrepreneurship
Why Care About Entrepreneurship?
  • Entrepreneurship
    • Contributes to economic growth
    • Leaps in human progress
    • Offers potential of greater wealth and upward mobility
    • Provides an alternative to wage employment
    • Creates jobs
  • Basis for sustainable economy and democracy
who is an entrepreneur
Who is an entrepreneur?
  • Major personal characteristics of entrepreneurship:
    • Being able to take risky decisions,
    • Having both a creative and pushy personality
    • Being able to predict and foresee,
    • Realizing the things that others couldn’t have realized,
    • Showing effective leadership and having positive courage.
    • who not only thinks and establish blueprints but also chooses to “act”.
  • Entrepeneurship is a culture that is effected by different factors
factors influence to become an entrepreneur
Factors Influence to become an Entrepreneur
  • Education
    • Secondary education is important for women, positively correlated with the firm size
  • Networks
    • Information, access to target group, role models
  • Risk perception
  • Rewards
    • Autonomy, financial success, and status
women entrepreneurs
Women Entrepreneurs
  • Women owned firms are
    • smaller scaled operations in terms of sales revenues
    • generate more profit per unit of sales revenue
    • have higher returns to scale which means that women would gain more from increasing their firm size
    • Active in service, food and agricultural products, clothing sectors
  • This is because women are
    • capital constrained
    • concentrated in industries with small firm size
bsec land of opportunity
BSEC :Land of Opportunity
  • 350 million people
  • 96 billon US $ Foreign Trade Capacity (UNDP estimation) and only half of this potential is tapped
  • High potential sectors: textile, clothing, food and beverages, metal products, agricultural products, beverages, paper and printer material, travel services, commercial services (consultancy, education, health care)
development women entrepreneurship within bsec
Development women entrepreneurship within BSEC
  • Black Sea Trade and Investment Promotion Program
    • Match making events within the countries
    • Support countries women entrepreneurship policies
    • Utilize EBRD resources for credits to women owned businesses
    • Cooperatıon could be develop in the following sectors
      • clothing, food, agricultural products, travel services, commercial services (consultancy, education, health care)
    • Develop a gender action plan
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