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“Economic Cooperation through Women Entrepeneur within BSEC” Gülseren Onanç KAGİDER Women Entrepreneur Association of Turkey BSEC&Konrad Adenauer Stiftung 1 October 2009 Kisinev/Moldova. Concentrations. Gender perspective of BSEC Women Entrepreneurship BSEC region as a potential market

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“Economic Cooperation through Women Entrepeneur within BSEC” Gülseren Onanç KAGİDER

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Economic cooperation through women entrepeneur within bsec g lseren onan kag der

“Economic Cooperation through Women Entrepeneur within BSEC”

Gülseren Onanç

KAGİDER

Women Entrepreneur Association of Turkey

BSEC&Konrad Adenauer Stiftung

1 October 2009

Kisinev/Moldova


Concentrations

Concentrations

  • Gender perspective of BSEC

  • Women Entrepreneurship

  • BSEC region as a potential market

  • Ways of development women entrepreneurship within BSEC


Meeting of council of minister

Meeting of Council of Minister


Bsec and gender sensitivity

BSEC and Gender Sensitivity?

  • 1 out of 4 “Directorial Staff” ‘s women: Ambassador Sumru Noyan, 2 of 8 “Professional Staff” are women (25%)

  • Is gender equality an issue or a policy?

  • Would Economical development / cooperation be possible without women participation?

  • Thanks to Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung supporting women entrepreneurship


Fever women entrepreneurs and wage employed

Fever Women Entrepreneurs and wage Employed


Why care about entrepreneurship

Why Care About Entrepreneurship?

  • Entrepreneurship

    • Contributes to economic growth

    • Leaps in human progress

    • Offers potential of greater wealth and upward mobility

    • Provides an alternative to wage employment

    • Creates jobs

  • Basis for sustainable economy and democracy


Who is an entrepreneur

Who is an entrepreneur?

  • Major personal characteristics of entrepreneurship:

    • Being able to take risky decisions,

    • Having both a creative and pushy personality

    • Being able to predict and foresee,

    • Realizing the things that others couldn’t have realized,

    • Showing effective leadership and having positive courage.

    • who not only thinks and establish blueprints but also chooses to “act”.

  • Entrepeneurship is a culture that is effected by different factors


Factors influence to become an entrepreneur

Factors Influence to become an Entrepreneur

  • Education

    • Secondary education is important for women, positively correlated with the firm size

  • Networks

    • Information, access to target group, role models

  • Risk perception

  • Rewards

    • Autonomy, financial success, and status


Women entrepreneurs

Women Entrepreneurs

  • Women owned firms are

    • smaller scaled operations in terms of sales revenues

    • generate more profit per unit of sales revenue

    • have higher returns to scale which means that women would gain more from increasing their firm size

    • Active in service, food and agricultural products, clothing sectors

  • This is because women are

    • capital constrained

    • concentrated in industries with small firm size


Bsec land of opportunity

BSEC :Land of Opportunity

  • 350 million people

  • 96 billon US $ Foreign Trade Capacity (UNDP estimation) and only half of this potential is tapped

  • High potential sectors: textile, clothing, food and beverages, metal products, agricultural products, beverages, paper and printer material, travel services, commercial services (consultancy, education, health care)


Development women entrepreneurship within bsec

Development women entrepreneurship within BSEC

  • Black Sea Trade and Investment Promotion Program

    • Match making events within the countries

    • Support countries women entrepreneurship policies

    • Utilize EBRD resources for credits to women owned businesses

    • Cooperatıon could be develop in the following sectors

      • clothing, food, agricultural products, travel services, commercial services (consultancy, education, health care)

    • Develop a gender action plan


Economic cooperation through women entrepeneur within bsec g lseren onan kag der

Thank you….


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