The Middle Colonies: Farms and Cities. Main Idea: The people who settled in the middle colonies made a society of great diversity, rich agriculture and booming cities. Factors that make the Middle Colonies Distinct. Short winters and fertile soil (the breadbasket colonies)
Main Idea: The people who settled in the middle colonies made a society of great diversity, rich agriculture and booming cities.
Short winters and fertile soil (the breadbasket colonies)
Attracted immigrants from all over Europe (creating a diverse region of people)
Climate of tolerance- people were treated more fairly here than in any other region.
Soil was rich enough to grow CASH CROPS- crops raised to be sold for money (rye, wheat, corn and other grains)
Farmers sent grain to the coastal cities for export
Excellent costal harbors allowed for cities like New York and Philadelphia to grow into booming metropolises (based on commerce and foreign shipping)
Who: Dutch, German, English, Welsh, French, Irish, Scots-Irish, Scottish, African and the Swedish.
One of the largest groups was the Germans who came as indentured servants.
They brought with them: Conestoga Wagons (later used on the Oregon trail), Craftsmanship (glass working, blacksmith/gunsmith)
They settled in distinct settlements that recreated the feel of their homeland (think of places in todays America i.e. Chinatown or the Hill)
Because of the great number of immigrant groups settling in the area NO ONE GROUP DOMINATED THE OTHERS
The various religions that were popular in the area also helped create a tolerant environment. (Quakers preached equality for all)
7% of the Middle Colonies population was enslaved.
Many slaves lived and worked with in large cities
They worked as servants, drivers, and assistants to craftsmen
Free Africans often worked as day laborers, servants, and sailors