The middle colonies farms and cities
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The Middle Colonies: Farms and Cities. Main Idea: The people who settled in the middle colonies made a society of great diversity, rich agriculture and booming cities. Factors that make the Middle Colonies Distinct. Short winters and fertile soil (the breadbasket colonies)

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The Middle Colonies: Farms and Cities

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The middle colonies farms and cities

The Middle Colonies:Farms and Cities

Main Idea: The people who settled in the middle colonies made a society of great diversity, rich agriculture and booming cities.


Factors that make the middle colonies distinct

Factors that make the Middle Colonies Distinct

Short winters and fertile soil (the breadbasket colonies)

Attracted immigrants from all over Europe (creating a diverse region of people)

Climate of tolerance- people were treated more fairly here than in any other region.


Cash crops create booming centers of trade

Cash Crops Create Booming Centers of Trade

Soil was rich enough to grow CASH CROPS- crops raised to be sold for money (rye, wheat, corn and other grains)

Farmers sent grain to the coastal cities for export

Excellent costal harbors allowed for cities like New York and Philadelphia to grow into booming metropolises (based on commerce and foreign shipping)


The immigrants

The Immigrants

Who: Dutch, German, English, Welsh, French, Irish, Scots-Irish, Scottish, African and the Swedish.

One of the largest groups was the Germans who came as indentured servants.

They brought with them: Conestoga Wagons (later used on the Oregon trail), Craftsmanship (glass working, blacksmith/gunsmith)

They settled in distinct settlements that recreated the feel of their homeland (think of places in todays America i.e. Chinatown or the Hill)


Climate of tolerance

Climate of Tolerance

Because of the great number of immigrant groups settling in the area NO ONE GROUP DOMINATED THE OTHERS

The various religions that were popular in the area also helped create a tolerant environment. (Quakers preached equality for all)


African americans in the middle colonies

African Americans in the Middle Colonies

7% of the Middle Colonies population was enslaved.

Many slaves lived and worked with in large cities

They worked as servants, drivers, and assistants to craftsmen

Free Africans often worked as day laborers, servants, and sailors


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