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Unit 6: 1914 to the Present. Global Fragmentation and Realignment. Question of Periodization?. Why begin the era with the year 1914?. Big Idea #1: Dissolution of Global Empires. End 2 nd period of European imperialism Dissolution of land-based empires Russia, Ottoman, Soviet Union, Qing

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unit 6 1914 to the present

Unit 6: 1914 to the Present

Global Fragmentation and Realignment

question of periodization

Question of Periodization?

Why begin the era with the year 1914?

big idea 1 dissolution of global empires
Big Idea #1: Dissolution of Global Empires
  • End 2nd period of European imperialism
  • Dissolution of land-based empires
    • Russia, Ottoman, Soviet Union, Qing
  • Dissolution of Maritime Empires
    • Negotiated independence: India, Guyana(Africa)
  • Violent conflict: S. Africa, Vietnam, Algeria
  • New National Identities
    • How did language, religion, peasant class, and culture contributed to post WWII national identities?
big idea 1 continued
Big Idea #1 Continued
  • Migration from colonies to Mother country
    • S.Asians to India
    • Algerians to France
    • Philippines to USA
  • Social and Demographic Consequences
    • Refugees
    • India vs Pakistan exchange
    • Jewish/Palestine repatriation issue
    • Realignment of borders: India/Pakistan, Yugoslavia dissolution
big idea 2 global war and conflict
Big Idea #2: Global War and Conflict
  • World War One and Two
    • Causes/effects
    • Was the war in 1914 a 30 years conflict?
    • Causes of War in ’39 same:
      • Imperialism, nationalism, competition for resources, ethnic conflict, great power rivalry, ideological differences
    • Global nature of war – colonials helped fight in war (British Indian troops)
big idea 2 continued
Big Idea #2 Continued
  • Economic mobilization & new technologies
    • economic decline of Europe
    • Genocide
      • Armenian, Holocaust, Cambodia, Rwanda, Yugoslavia
what were the results of world war one
What were the results of World War One?
  • WW1
    • Mandate system
    • League of Nations
      • World body to help maintain peace
      • No real power
    • 9 new countries in Europe
    • Reparation system in Germany (33 Billion)
      • Dependent on US financing
      • Also UK and France owed 2 billion to US
ww 2 results
WW 2 Results
  • United Nations
  • US and USSR most powerful in world
  • Marshall Plan in Europe
  • Germany and Japan occupied
  • China returns to civil war
  • India, Philippines given independence
big idea 2 continued14
Big Idea #2 Continued
  • Cold War – Decolonization
    • Ideological struggle economically
    • Strategies of Cold War – flexible response, MAD
    • East-West Division: NATO vs Warsaw Pact
    • Truman Doctrine/Marshall Plan
  • Decolonization
    • Cuba, Vietnam, Congo
big idea 3 new global institutions characteristics
Big Idea #3: New Global Institutions & Characteristics
  • Political
    • United Nations
  • Economic
    • IMF, World Bank, OPEC, EU
  • Humanitarian
    • Red Cross, Red Crescent, WHO, Doctors Without Borders
  • Regional agreements
    • EU, NAFTA
big idea 3 continued
Big Idea #3 Continued
  • New forms of communication/transport
    • Internet, spread of medicine
  • Global poverty: what are our responsibilities?
  • Globalization; spread of culture
    • Food, banking, multinational corporations
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