Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. An Introduction. Origins of Myers-Briggs. Based on the work of Swiss psychologist C. G. Jung, who presented his psychological type theory in his book Psychological Types (published 1921, translated into English 1923 )
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
Used by most Fortune 100 companies
Administered more than 2 million times a year in 30+ languages in 70+countries
Aids in relationships, self-understanding, leadership, decision making…
An indicator—not a test, so there are no right or wrong answers or good or bad types
Looks only at normal behavior
Describes 4 aspects of people’s nature
Terms used by experts to explain personality
Includes family, cultural, and environmental influences
Includes inborn tendencies and inherited characteristics
Jung believed BOTH play a role in adult personality development, but type was designed to measure NATURE only.
Myers-Briggs does not measure:
Myers-Briggs also does not tell you what you can and cannot do!!
Use your preferred hand to sign your name on a sheet of paper.
Now use your other hand to sign your name on a sheet of paper, and compare.
We can accomplish the task of signing our names with either hand, but the preferred hand will always be more natural, comfortable, and automatic.
We will look at four pairs of opposites—like our right and left hands. We all use both sides of each pair, but one is our natural preference.
Jung believed that our preferences do not change; they stay the same over our lifetime.
What changes is how we use our preferences, the environment’s impact on how our types manifest, and often the accuracy with which we can measure the preferences.
The direction in which we focus our attention and energy and how we gain mental energy
Focus their energy and attention inward
Are interested in the inner world of thoughts and reflections, and enjoy interacting with it
Tend to think before speaking
Need to know a person before opening up
Give depth to life
Can seem withdrawn and secretive to extraverts
We all do Extraverted and Introverted things.But we usually do not do themwith equal comfort.Most of us have a preference for one over the other.
Given the choice, which do you prefer: Extraversion or Introversion?
The way we take in information and the kind of information we like and trust
Go beyond what is real or concrete and focus on meaning, associations, and relationships
See patterns and meaning in information and like overviews
Are conceptual, abstract, and imaginative
Live in future possibilities
Like new ideas and ways of doing things
May seem like impractical dreamers to sensors
Sensing types will often list objects in the picture (calendar, cow, couple, hen, golden egg)
Intuitive types will often report the overall feel of the picture (happy surprise, people look shocked, little farm town)
What could be
We all do Sensing and Intuitive things.But we usually do not do themwith equal comfort.Most of us have a preference for one over the other.
Given the choice, which do you prefer: Sensing or Intuition?
The process we use to make decisions and the way we organize and prioritize information
Use a person-centered, values-based process
Focus on relationships
Have difficulty telling people unpleasant things
Believe fairness means treating each individual as a whole person
May seem overly emotional & irrational to Thinking types
Maybe it would be a good idea to look at how you manage your time so that you don’t get your work in late again, and perhaps you could talk to her about your work load if it is still too much after that.
What you are about to see is a dramatization portrayed by trained actors! It illustrates a very stereotypical conversation between Thinking and Feeling types…
TERRIBLE!! My boss yelled at me because I turned my work in 5 minutes late, and I have way too much to do, and I’m so frustrated because I don’t want her to think I am a bad employee, and I think she hates me!
My time management skills are fine, and I can handle my work load!! I know everything will be ok… I just had a really bad day, and I need to vent. I don’t need you to fix it…
How was your day today?
Huh?????? Um… Ok…???
What has caused this person to become upset, and how can it be reasonably fixed?
Aww, I’m so sorry you’re upset. I’m here if you need an ear to listen, a shoulder to cry on, or anything else…
Firm but fair
We all do Thinking and Feeling things.But we usually do not do themwith equal comfort.Most of us have a preference for one over the other.
Given the choice, which do you prefer: Thinking or Feeling?
How we organize our environment and how we plan and complete tasks
Seek to experience the world, not organize it
Look at the world and see options that need to be explored
Like to leave things open, gather more information
Tend to think there is plenty of time
Often have many unfinished projects and have trouble planning
May have trouble deciding
May seem disorganized and irresponsible to Judging types
We all do Judging and Perceiving things.But we usually do not do themwith equal comfort.Most of us have a preference for one over the other.
Given the choice, which do you prefer: Judging or Perceiving?
You should have chosen one letter from each of the following options to give you a Self-Estimate Type.
"The great events of world history are, at bottom, profoundly unimportant. In the last analysis, the essential thing is the life of the individual. This alone makes history, here alone do the great transformations first take place, and the whole future, the whole history of the world, ultimately spring as a gigantic summation from these hidden sources in individuals. In our most private and most subjective lives we are not only the passive witnesses of our age, and its sufferers, but also its makers. We make our own epoch." ~ C.G. Jung