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Experiences with an Open Access Journal. Professor Jerry Roberts Head of Biosciences Editor-in-Chief Journal of Experimental Botany. Journal of Experimental Botany. First published in 1950 Institutional subscriptions ~ >600 Impact Factor in 2007 ~ 3.6 Open Access option since July 2004

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experiences with an open access journal

Experiences with an Open Access Journal

Professor Jerry Roberts

Head of Biosciences

Editor-in-Chief

Journal of Experimental Botany

journal of experimental botany
Journal of Experimental Botany
  • First published in 1950
  • Institutional subscriptions ~ >600
  • Impact Factor in 2007 ~ 3.6
  • Open Access option since July 2004

(The first plant sciences journal to offer authors the opportunity to publish under OA)

opportunities for publishing under open access
Opportunities for publishing under Open Access

Journal perspective:

  • Boosts Impact Factor
  • Attracts the best authors
  • Politically correct
opportunities for publishing under open access1
Opportunities for publishing under Open Access

Author perspective:

  • Boosts citations
  • Accommodates requirements of funding agency
  • Politically correct
threats for publishing under open access
Threats for publishing under Open Access

Journal perspective:

  • Reduced number of institutional subscribers
  • Reduced subscription cost
  • Reduced revenue leading to journal closure
threats for publishing under open access1
Threats for publishing under Open Access

Author perspective:

  • Costs of publishing (to author) increased
  • Learned Societies lose critical revenue stream
  • Reduced journal outlets for publication
jxb open access experiment
JXB Open Access Experiment

Commenced in 2004:

  • Open Access publication ~ £250
  • UK authors free ~ funded through a grant from Joint Information System Committee of the UK (JISC)

Approximately 29% Open Access publications 2004-2006

countries of non uk open access authors 2004 6
Countries of non UK Open Access authors (2004-6)

Argentina Canada Germany

Australia China Greece

Belgium Czech Repub India

Brazil France Italy

Japan* Slovenia Taiwan

Netherlands Spain USA*

Norway Sweden

Portugal Switzerland

* >35% of total

downloads of open access vs non open access papers
Downloads of Open Access vs Non Open Access papers

Full text of Open Access papers gets downloaded more than Non Open Access papers (per Abstract)

July 04 – Sept 06

1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9

Full text downloads per Abstract downloads

citations of open access vs non open access papers
Citations of Open Access vs Non Open Access papers

Average citation per paper:

Non Open Access ~ 1.7

Open Access ~ 1.9

(12% increase)

July 04 – Sept 06

1 2 3 4 5 6-7 8-9 10-11

Number of citations

jxb 2007 a sustainable model for open access
JXB 2007 - A sustainable model for Open Access

Launched in April 2007

  • Corresponding authors whose institutions have a subscription to the journal can publish Open Access for free
  • Authors whose institutions do not have a subscription to the journal can publish Open Access for £1500
  • Some material remains under subscription control (eg. Reviews)
jxb 2007 a sustainable model for open access1
JXB 2007 - A sustainable model for Open Access

Challenges of model

  • Time consuming as institutional addresses of all corresponding authors have to be checked for subscriptions
  • Up to 70% of papers may become Open Access and librarians may expect a reduced subscription cost as a consequence
  • Plan B if Plan A fails????
jxb 2007 a sustainable model for open access2
JXB 2007 - A sustainable model for Open Access

Opportunities presented by the model

  • Identification of non-subscribing institutions and encouragement to re-engage with authors and librarians
  • Identification of novel publishable material (teaching aids/large data sets/techniques information etc) to remain under subscription control
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Open Access is going to become increasingly important to funding agencies and authors
  • Journals (publishers) will have to develop a sustainable model to accommodate Open Access
  • Funding agencies/Institutions will have to provide resources to support Open Access
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