The WTO TBT Agreement ISO CASCO/DEVCO – BIS Regional Workshop on Certification and Conformity Assessment: Building Confidence for Developing Countries New Delhi, 6-7 December 2004 Erik Wijkström WTO Trade and Environment Division [email protected] +41 22 7395729.
Avoid: unnecessary barriers to trade
Use: international standards!
Balance between pursuing a regulatory policy objective (choice of measure) and discouraging Members from adopting or maintaining measures that unduly restrict trade
Conformity Assessment Procedures
Definition (Annex 1 of TBT Agreement)
3. Conformity assessment proceduresAny procedure used, directly or indirectly, to determine that relevant requirements in technical regulations or standards are fulfilled.Explanatory noteConformity assessment procedures include, inter alia, procedures for sampling, testing and inspection; evaluation, verification and assurance of conformity; registration, accreditation and approval as well as their combinations.
TBT Committee work programme on CAPTriennial Review: November 2003(G/TBT/12, paras 29-41)
“With a view to improving Members' implementation of Articles 5-9 of the Agreement and promoting a better understanding of Members’ conformity assessment systems, the Committee agrees to the following work programme ...”
Not new: approaches discussed before
To do what?
21 March 2005
4th TR, end- 2006
29 June 2004
Summing up on CAP
Work program(experiences with implementation)
A word on how the TBT Committee works
“TBTTriennial Reviews”(Article 15.4)
Request explanation / clarification from Enquiry Point
Raise issue at TBT Committee meeting
Request formal consultations (Dispute Settlement)
EC – Trade Description of Sardines (Peru)(first TBT case)
NTBs are growing in importance
Quality and safety key competitive factors today
TBT and SPS Agreements are relevant and important
Basic principles are familiar: MFN, NT, etc.
Key in TBT: use of international standards
“renewed emphasis” on CAP
Work Programme CAP in 3rd TR