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Coaching the Entire Squash Shot Cycle. USSRA Coaching Conference September 2000 Tim Bacon,Smith College Gail Ramsay, Princeton University. Ice-Breaker!.

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coaching the entire squash shot cycle

Coaching the EntireSquash Shot Cycle

USSRA Coaching Conference September 2000

Tim Bacon,Smith College

Gail Ramsay, Princeton University

ice breaker
Ice-Breaker!
  • Turn to the person next to you and briefly tell each other (less than 15 sec.): based on your past coaching experience what is the MOST important thing to teach to that C/B player (or young junior/or no. 7 player on your team ladder)
overview
Overview
  • Shot-cycle
  • Open skill process
  • Global Approach to Error Correction
  • 3 Coaching Principles
  • Example Coaching Topics
the shot cycle
The Shot Cycle
  • Watching-Ready-Position (Perception = anticipation + ball judgement)
  • Movement to the ball
  • Stroke
  • Recovery
the open skill process
The Open Skill Process
  • Perception
  • Decision
  • Action
  • Feedback
global approach to error correction
Global Approach to Error Correction
  • Appropriatediagnosis is critical for accurate training « prescription »
  • Technical Error? 4 possibilities…
examples of perceptual decision errors
Examples of Perceptual/Decision Errors
  • Pays attention to wrong cues
  • Focused on too small an area
  • Focused on too broad an area
  • misjudges path, speed, direction of ball
  • miscalculates time/place of arrival of ball
  • selects wrong movement to ball
  • selects wrong instance of correct movement
the psychological is important too
The Psychological is Important too!
  • Attention=concentration
  • Nideffer ’s model of concentration
  • attentional errors
  • « choking »
slide11

Four Types of Attentional Focus

Broad

WIDTH

Narrow

External

Internal

DIRECTION

slide12

Attentional Problems

Internaldistractions

Attending to past events (e.g., what was?)

Attending to future events (e.g., what if?)

Choking under pressure

Overanalysis of body mechanics

Fatigue

slide13

Choking

An Attentional Problem

three teaching principles
Three Teaching Principles
  • Progression not correction
  • Respect learning styles - especially kinesthetic
  • Integration - bridge the gap between practice and match play
example shot cycle topics
Example « Shot-Cycle » Topics
  • Watching - Anticipation
  • Watching - ball judgement
  • Movement - split-step
  • Hitting: Decision-Making - drop or boast?
  • Hitting - kinesthetic approach to teaching the grip
anticipation in racquet sports
Anticipation in Racquet Sports
  • Abernethy: « A » players initiate movement before the ball is struck - « D » players do not!
  • Expert players rely on shoulder and racquet head cues - novices don ’t
  • Differences between world-class and national-level players
progression for anticipation
Progression for Anticipation
  • Identify pre-impact cues
  • train the perception
  • train the decision
  • train skill 1
  • train skill 2
  • alternate skills
  • randomize skills
  • competitive-conditioned game
  • evaluate in match play
brainstorm other anticipation examples
Brainstorm Other Anticipation Examples
  • Groups of 3-4 coaches
  • 2 minutes to find other examples (hint: most common situations, easiest to teach, beginner-intermediate-advanced topics)
  • take up 1 example from several groups
  • turn in examples - we will distribute
teaching ball judgement
Teaching Ball Judgement
  • Train the perception: straight or cross
  • Train the decision: « fore » or « back »
  • Train skill 1: forehand
  • Train skill 2
  • Alternate execution of skills
  • Randomize execution of skills
  • Competitive game
  • Evaluate in match play
brainstorm other ball judgment examples
Brainstorm Other Ball Judgment Examples
  • Groups of 3-4 coaches
  • 2 minutes to find other examples (hint: most common situations, easiest to teach, beginner-intermediate-advanced topics)
  • take up 1 example from several groups
  • turn in examples - we will distribute
teaching the basic split step by progression
Teaching the Basic Split-Step by Progression
  • Verify split-step
  • split to shadow stimulus
  • split to coach self-rally
  • split on coach feed - return to coach
  • split during rotating rails
  • split in game situation
  • evaluate in match play
decision making tactics progression
Decision-Making (Tactics) Progression
  • Choose a topic: select two skills where player must differentiate
  • “Sell” the decision
  • Train the perception
  • Train the decision
  • Train skill 1
  • Train skill 2
  • etc.
brainstorm other decision making examples
Brainstorm Other Decision-Making Examples
  • Groups of 3-4 coaches
  • 2 minutes to find other examples (hint: most common situations, easiest to teach, beginner-intermediate-advanced topics)
  • take up 1 example from several groups
  • turn in examples - we will distribute
kinesthetic grip progression
Kinesthetic Grip Progression
  • Rally program from 6 ’: forehand, backhand, alternate, with and without a bounce, finish with short (easy) game
  • « top » & « side » cues to « feel » the grip
  • « méthodes de contraintes » - catch and send, contact behind, COLFing, etc.
3 min group discussion
3-min. Group Discussion
  • How have you successfully changed/taught « poor » learners grips?
  • What cues do you use?
  • What progressions do you use?
  • How can we get every U.S. junior to start with the correct grip?
summary
Summary
  • Shot-cycle
  • Open skill process
  • Global Approach to Error Correction
  • 3 Coaching Principles
  • Questions? Discussion?
  • www.science.smith.edu/exersci/tbacon/home.html
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