Coaching the entire squash shot cycle
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Coaching the Entire Squash Shot Cycle. USSRA Coaching Conference September 2000 Tim Bacon,Smith College Gail Ramsay, Princeton University. Ice-Breaker!.

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Coaching the Entire Squash Shot Cycle

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Coaching the entire squash shot cycle

Coaching the EntireSquash Shot Cycle

USSRA Coaching Conference September 2000

Tim Bacon,Smith College

Gail Ramsay, Princeton University


Ice breaker

Ice-Breaker!

  • Turn to the person next to you and briefly tell each other (less than 15 sec.): based on your past coaching experience what is the MOST important thing to teach to that C/B player (or young junior/or no. 7 player on your team ladder)


Overview

Overview

  • Shot-cycle

  • Open skill process

  • Global Approach to Error Correction

  • 3 Coaching Principles

  • Example Coaching Topics


The shot cycle

The Shot Cycle

  • Watching-Ready-Position (Perception = anticipation + ball judgement)

  • Movement to the ball

  • Stroke

  • Recovery


The open skill process

The Open Skill Process

  • Perception

  • Decision

  • Action

  • Feedback


Global approach to error correction

Global Approach to Error Correction

  • Appropriatediagnosis is critical for accurate training « prescription »

  • Technical Error? 4 possibilities…


Examples of technical errors

Examples of « Technical » Errors


Global approach to error correction1

Global Approach to Error Correction


Examples of perceptual decision errors

Examples of Perceptual/Decision Errors

  • Pays attention to wrong cues

  • Focused on too small an area

  • Focused on too broad an area

  • misjudges path, speed, direction of ball

  • miscalculates time/place of arrival of ball

  • selects wrong movement to ball

  • selects wrong instance of correct movement


The psychological is important too

The Psychological is Important too!

  • Attention=concentration

  • Nideffer ’s model of concentration

  • attentional errors

  • « choking »


Coaching the entire squash shot cycle

Four Types of Attentional Focus

Broad

WIDTH

Narrow

External

Internal

DIRECTION


Coaching the entire squash shot cycle

Attentional Problems

Internaldistractions

Attending to past events (e.g., what was?)

Attending to future events (e.g., what if?)

Choking under pressure

Overanalysis of body mechanics

Fatigue


Coaching the entire squash shot cycle

Choking

An Attentional Problem


Three teaching principles

Three Teaching Principles

  • Progression not correction

  • Respect learning styles - especially kinesthetic

  • Integration - bridge the gap between practice and match play


Example shot cycle topics

Example « Shot-Cycle » Topics

  • Watching - Anticipation

  • Watching - ball judgement

  • Movement - split-step

  • Hitting: Decision-Making - drop or boast?

  • Hitting - kinesthetic approach to teaching the grip


Anticipation in racquet sports

Anticipation in Racquet Sports

  • Abernethy: « A » players initiate movement before the ball is struck - « D » players do not!

  • Expert players rely on shoulder and racquet head cues - novices don ’t

  • Differences between world-class and national-level players


Progression for anticipation

Progression for Anticipation

  • Identify pre-impact cues

  • train the perception

  • train the decision

  • train skill 1

  • train skill 2

  • alternate skills

  • randomize skills

  • competitive-conditioned game

  • evaluate in match play


Brainstorm other anticipation examples

Brainstorm Other Anticipation Examples

  • Groups of 3-4 coaches

  • 2 minutes to find other examples (hint: most common situations, easiest to teach, beginner-intermediate-advanced topics)

  • take up 1 example from several groups

  • turn in examples - we will distribute


Teaching ball judgement

Teaching Ball Judgement

  • Train the perception: straight or cross

  • Train the decision: « fore » or « back »

  • Train skill 1: forehand

  • Train skill 2

  • Alternate execution of skills

  • Randomize execution of skills

  • Competitive game

  • Evaluate in match play


Brainstorm other ball judgment examples

Brainstorm Other Ball Judgment Examples

  • Groups of 3-4 coaches

  • 2 minutes to find other examples (hint: most common situations, easiest to teach, beginner-intermediate-advanced topics)

  • take up 1 example from several groups

  • turn in examples - we will distribute


Teaching the basic split step by progression

Teaching the Basic Split-Step by Progression

  • Verify split-step

  • split to shadow stimulus

  • split to coach self-rally

  • split on coach feed - return to coach

  • split during rotating rails

  • split in game situation

  • evaluate in match play


Decision making tactics progression

Decision-Making (Tactics) Progression

  • Choose a topic: select two skills where player must differentiate

  • “Sell” the decision

  • Train the perception

  • Train the decision

  • Train skill 1

  • Train skill 2

  • etc.


Brainstorm other decision making examples

Brainstorm Other Decision-Making Examples

  • Groups of 3-4 coaches

  • 2 minutes to find other examples (hint: most common situations, easiest to teach, beginner-intermediate-advanced topics)

  • take up 1 example from several groups

  • turn in examples - we will distribute


Kinesthetic grip progression

Kinesthetic Grip Progression

  • Rally program from 6 ’: forehand, backhand, alternate, with and without a bounce, finish with short (easy) game

  • « top » & « side » cues to « feel » the grip

  • « méthodes de contraintes » - catch and send, contact behind, COLFing, etc.


3 min group discussion

3-min. Group Discussion

  • How have you successfully changed/taught « poor » learners grips?

  • What cues do you use?

  • What progressions do you use?

  • How can we get every U.S. junior to start with the correct grip?


Summary

Summary

  • Shot-cycle

  • Open skill process

  • Global Approach to Error Correction

  • 3 Coaching Principles

  • Questions? Discussion?

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