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Identifying Different Personality Types and Working With Them. By Julie Dienno-Demarest, M.Ed. What is the Enneagram?. Personality Assessment ennea – Greek word for “nine” grammos – “figure” “nine pointed figure” Development of modern psychology

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Identifying different personality types and working with them

Identifying Different Personality Types and Working With Them

By Julie Dienno-Demarest, M.Ed.

What is the enneagram
What is the Enneagram? Them

  • Personality Assessment

    • ennea – Greek word for “nine”

    • grammos – “figure”

    • “nine pointed figure”

  • Development of modern psychology

    • Roots in philosophical and spiritual wisdom of ancient traditions (2500 BCE)

    • Primarily concerns with self-knowledge

Why the enneagram
Why the Enneagram? Them

  • Myers-Briggs / Keirsey Temperament Sorter

    • ENFJ / ISTP / ESFP / INTJ… etc

    • Good for forming balanced teams, understanding gifts and talents of each person

    • Focus on appreciating differences

    • No “good/bad” …Just “different”

Why the enneagram1
Why the Enneagram? Them

  • Enneagram  underlying motivation

    • This is why I do what I do

  • Basic motivation leads to behavior:

    • Healthy behavior

    • Average behavior

    • Unhealthy behavior

Why the enneagram2
Why the Enneagram Them


    • Personal growth

      • You will always be you.

      • Healthy… Average… Unhealthy…

    • Better understand others

      • Motivation, priorities, and behavior of others

      • Habit 5: seek first to understand, then to be understood

    • Enhance relationships

      • Work, Family, Friends, Children

How does it work
How Does It Work? Them

  • Symbolic Image

    • Circle: unity, wholeness, oneness

    • Triangle: The Law of Three

      • Everything that exists is the result of the interaction of three forces

    • Hexad: The Law of Seven

      • Process and development over time

      • Nothing is static; everything evolves over time.

1 the perfectionist reformer
1. The Perfectionist/Reformer Them

  • Principled, idealistic, orderly, strong sense of right and wrong

    • Healthy: conscientious, ethical, wise judgment

    • Average: critical, methodical, detailed

    • Unhealthy: self-righteous, inflexible, obsessive

  • If you want it done right, you’ve got to do it yourself.

The helper giver
The Helper / Giver Them

  • Concerned, helpful, love and be loved

    • Healthy: empathetic, sincere, warm, appreciative, encouraging, generous, thoughtful, altruistic

    • Average: gushy, lots of good intentions, need to be needed, meddling “mother,” possessive

    • Unhealthy: if unappreciated  resentful & complain, play martyr & guilt others

  • I love you, you love me…

3 the achiever performer
3. The Achiever / Performer Them

  • Self-assured, ambitious, success oriented, motivates others, networking

    • Healthy: high self-esteem, feel desirable, adaptable, energetic, charming, popular, authentic

    • Average: competitive “winner,” pragmatic, goal-oriented, image conscious, problems with phoniness, arrogance, egotistical

    • Unhealthy: success at all costs  exploitative, opportunistic, immoral, pathological liars

  • Look at me!

4 the individualist artist
4. The Individualist / Artist Them

  • Creative, unique, individualistic, genuine expression of self

    • Healthy: self-aware, introspective, intuitive, profoundly creative, genuine internal expression

    • Average: “artistically” expressive, fantasy & imagination, emotionally expressive (moody) or overwhelmed (withdrawn)

    • Unhealthy: if dreams/fantasies fail  angry at self, severely depressed, worthless, emotional paralysis

  • Nobody really understands me…

The observer investigator
The Observer / Investigator Them

  • Perceptive, analytic, eccentric, thinker

    • Healthy: observe everything with extraordinary perceptiveness, love learning, excited by possessing knowledge

    • Average: specialized with knowledge, detached and preoccupied with data (live in their head), arrogant sense of intelligence

    • Unhealthy: reclusive, secretive with knowledge, “mad scientist”

  • Knowledge is power…

The loyalist trooper
The Loyalist / Trooper Them

  • Likable, loyal, dependable, highly value trust

    • Healthy: engaging and friendly, trustworthy and hardworking, cooperative and reliable

    • Average: “team player” does what they’re told, indirect with conflict, indecisive, anxiety (“what if…”)

    • Unhealthy: insecure, dependent and clingy, inferiority complex, over-react to everything

  • I belong

7 the enthusiast epicure
7. The Enthusiast / Epicure Them

  • Enthusiastic, busy, versatile, playful, generalist

    • Healthy: excitable extrovert, productive and prolific, joyful appreciation of life’s experiences

    • Average: insatiable appetite for new experiences, constant activity (“flighty”), fear being bored

    • Unhealthy: quickly and easily frustrated , impulsive, escapist

  • Carpe Diem!…Try anything once

8 the challenger protector
8. The Challenger / Protector Them

  • Powerful, assertive, confident, strong, decisive, action-oriented LEADER

    • Healthy: courageous, noble and honorable leader, use power constructively

    • Average: “rugged individualists,” dominate people/situations, use power for self-interest

    • Unhealthy: ruthless and hard-hearted, dictatorial, hold on to power and prevail at all costs

  • Might makes right… Use your power for good not evil…

9 the peacemaker mediator
9. The Peacemaker / Mediator Them

  • Peaceful, reassuring, passive, easy-going

    • Healthy: deeply receptive, open, patient

    • Average: overly accommodating, agreeable, avoid conflicts

    • Unhealthy: stubborn, neglect problems, fatalistic

  • Go with the flow… Don’t make waves…

Resources Them

  • The Wisdom of the Enneagram: The Complete Guide to Psychological and Spiritual Growth for the Nine Personality Types by Don Richard Riso and Russ Hudson

    • This is an all-around great resource; probably my favorite book on the topic, but also more in-depth understandings… offers a lot of comments on healthy-average-unhealthy as well as suggestions for spiritual growth.

Resources Them

  • The Enneagram Made Easy: Discover the 9 Types of People by Renee Baron and Elizabeth Wagele

    • This has a lot of comic-style images and cartoon-like explanations that make it an easy read to acquaint folks with the Enneagram for the first time.

Resources Them

  • Are You My Type, Am I Yours? : Relationships Made Easy Through The Enneagram by Renee Baron and Elizabeth Wagele

    • High school students love, love, love this book… and so do adults.  The thing I like best about this one is how it explains what a given number likes and struggles with when it comes to interacting with others (of their same number and all the others).

Resources Them

  • Understanding the Enneagram: The Practical Guide to Personality Types by Russ Hudson and Don Richard Riso

    • This one has a great, easy to comprehend explanation of each type.  I like that it calls out the characteristic virtue and vice of each number.  I also appreciate the section it has on “mis-typing,” which helps participants figure out which number they are.

Contact Them