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Bell Ringer – 11/1 – Room 38178 OR Bell Ringer Card. QUESTIONS: 1. “Speak singing” is called _________________. 2. Who is the father of opera?. THE INTERNET IS DOWN AT THE MOMENT – everyone needs to do it on a Bell Ringer card and put it in the box. Louis XIV.

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Bell ringer 11 1 m socrative com room 38178 or bell ringer card
Bell Ringer – 11/ – Room 38178 OR Bell Ringer Card


  • 1. “Speak singing” is called _________________.

  • 2. Who is the father of opera?

THE INTERNET IS DOWN AT THE MOMENT – everyone needs to do it on a Bell Ringer card and put it in the box

Louis xiv

Louis XIV

We talked about him BRIEFLY yesterday with the development of the opera – he’s an important guy!

Louis xiv1
Louis XIV

  • 1638-1715

  • “Louis the Great” & “The Sun King”

  • Ruled as King of France from 1643 until his death

  • Reigned for 72 years and 110 days – the longest of a monarch of a major country in European History

  • Died of gangrene 4 days before his 77th birthday

  • Succeeded by this 5-year-old great grandson XV

Louis xiv2
Louis XIV

  • Dancer

  • Performed 80 roles in 40 major ballets

    • Professional ballet dancer

  • Often portrayed roles that were royal or godlike

  • Combined business with art in a mutually beneficial way


  • By the late 16th century, baroque art was consolidated in the court of Louis XIV

  • He was a great patron of painting, sculpture, theater, and architecture and brought ballet into full participation

  • Louis the XIV was an avid dancer himself – he studied for 20 years with the dancing master Pierre Beauchamps

Dance pierre beauchamps
Dance – Pierre Beauchamps

  • Pierre Beauchamps invented the 5 basic ballet positions







  • Louis XIV is nicknamed “The Sun King”

    • At the age of 14th, he danced as Apollo the Sun-God in Le Ballet de la Nuit

  • Louis XIV employed a team of professional artists to produce ballet and opera at court – Moliere (playwright) was a part of these collaborative efforts


  • The plots for French ballet came from classical mythology

  • The style of dancing was fairly simple and controlled

  • Gestures were symmetrical

  • Costumes included elaborate wigs

    • Any movement that threatened to knock one’s wig off would have been impractical and awkward.


  • Ballet became formally institutionalized when LouisXIV founded the Academie Royale de Danse in 1661

    • Royal Academy of Dance

  • He hired 13 dancing masters to teach there

  • 10 years later, the Royal Academy of Dance merged with the Royal Academy of Music (newly established)

  • Both schools used Louis XIV’s personal theater – a “picture frame stage”

    • Choreography was designed for an audience on one side


  • The establishment of the Royal Academy of Dance led to prescribed rules for positions and movement

  • Women took the stage as professional ballerinas for the first time

  • As the baroque era came to a close in the early 1700s, the foundations of ballet were in place

Louis xiv as the sun king
Louis XIV as The Sun King



  • Between 1550 and 1720, France developed a theatrical tradition called “French neoclassicism”

  • In 1548, the Protestants and Catholics outlawed religious drama

  • Secular drama became popular

Drama french neoclassicism
Drama – French Neoclassicism

  • Plays had to conform to 2 specific rules

    • The action of the play had to occur in a single location

      • No change in setting

    • The action could not encompass more than 24 hours

      • The play must take place over the course of one day (the play itself is probably only 1- 2 hours long.)

Drama french neoclassicism1
Drama – French Neoclassicism

  • Pierre Corneille (1606-1684) created French masterpieces by breaking the rules

  • In 1635, he wrote the masterpiece Le Cid

    • Tragic comedy about love and war

  • France condemned the play though – other countries loved it!

Drama french neoclassicism2
Drama – French Neoclassicism

  • Moliere (1622-1673) wrote French comedies

  • Performed in “tennis-court theaters”

    • Size and shape of indoor tennis courts made them perfect for theater

  • A performance in front of Louis XIV launched his career as a playwright

  • Wrote Tartuffe, The Misanthrope, and the Bourgeois Gentleman (ber-sh-wa)

    • Fast paced action, crisp language, and gentle but effective mockery of humans

  • Challenged background designers

Drama moliere
Drama – Moliere

  • The Bourgeois Gentleman

  • 5 Act Comedy Ballet

    • Includes dialogue, music and dance, but no singing

  • Choreography done by Pierre Beauchamp

  • Pokes fun at the pretentious middle-class and the vain aristocracy

    • A middle class man wants to climb the ladder and become an aristocrat – takes up fencing, dancing, music, and philosophy