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Causation. The Countefactual Theory. The Constant Conjunction Theory. The Constant Conjunction Theory : Necessarily, for any events c and e, c is a cause of e iff there are event kinds F and G, such that c is an F, e is a G, and every F-event is followed by a G-event.

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causation

Causation

The Countefactual Theory

the constant conjunction theory
The Constant Conjunction Theory
  • The Constant Conjunction Theory: Necessarily, for any events c and e, c is a cause of e iff there are event kinds F and G, such that c is an F, e is a G, and every F-event is followed by a G-event.
  • Objection #1: Lucky Conjunction
  • Objection #2: Epiphenomena
counterfactuals
Counterfactuals
  • The Counterfactual Theory: Necessarily, for any events c and e, c is a cause of e iff, if c had not occurred, then e would not have occurred.
counterfactuals4
Counterfactuals
  • The Counterfactual Theory: Necessarily, for any events c and e, c is a cause of e iff, if c had not occurred, then e would not have occurred.
  • Objection #1: Causes vs. Conditions
  • Objection #2: Overdetermination
  • Objection #3: Preemption
  • Objection #4: Chancy Causation
  • Objection #5: Overlapping
preemption
Preemption
  • e counterfactually depends on c iff e would not have occurred in the absence of c.
  • e1, e2, …, en is a chain of counterfactual dependence iff each member of the chain counterfactually depends on the previous member.
  • The Revised Counterfactual Theory: Necessarily, for any events c and e, c is a cause of e iff there is a chain of counterfactual dependence from c to e.
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