The pluralist battle a theoretical look at the critiques and defenses of interest group power
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 18

THE PLURALIST BATTLE A Theoretical Look at the Critiques and Defenses of Interest Group Power PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 78 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

THE PLURALIST BATTLE A Theoretical Look at the Critiques and Defenses of Interest Group Power. Jared N. Lyles Senior Capstone – Political Science Dr. Jeremy Lewis. Outline. I. Introduction II. Literature survey and the critiques of pluralism

Download Presentation

THE PLURALIST BATTLE A Theoretical Look at the Critiques and Defenses of Interest Group Power

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The pluralist battle a theoretical look at the critiques and defenses of interest group power

THE PLURALIST BATTLEA Theoretical Look at the Critiques and Defenses of Interest Group Power

Jared N. Lyles

Senior Capstone – Political Science

Dr. Jeremy Lewis


Outline

Outline

I. Introduction

II. Literature survey and the critiques of pluralism

Madison, Marx, Weber, Olson, and Schattschneider

III. Literature survey and the defense of pluralism

Bentley, Truman, Berry, Dahl, Domhoff, and Mahood

IV. The modern critique of the pluralist battle

V. Conclusion


Introduction

Introduction

  • The pluralist battle began with Federalist #10 by James Madison

  • The debate consists of two highly polarized sides: defenders and critics of pluralism

  • Evolution of the pluralist battle into today’s political society


Literature survey critiques of pluralism

Literature SurveyCritiques of pluralism


Literature survey defending pluralism

Literature SurveyDefending Pluralism


The pluralist battle today research

The Pluralist Battle TodayResearch

Citizen.Org Reports

Two case studies of interest group power

Federal Election Commission Studies:

PAC and party fundraising

The Candidate as a Campaign Spectator:

How the candidate has lost power to the special interest groups

Buying Time: Moneyed Interest and Mobilization of Bias:

The effects of special interests during the committee stage


Auto industry case study

Auto Industry Case Study

  • Auto safety legislation born out of the Ford/Firestone rollover crashes

  • Would require companies to recall defective vehicles and alert government about defects

  • 5 senators, who were recipients of auto industry money, put a freeze on the legislation

  • Auto Industry pushed through much weaker bill that gave even more secrecy and protection to the auto industry


Asbestos legislation case study overview

Asbestos Legislation Case Study Overview

  • Samuel Heyman and the GAF Corporation

  • “Fairness in Asbestos Compensation Act”

    • What the bill would do and how GAF would gain from the passage

    • How the bill would effectively achieve this end

  • Examples of the relationship between the money contributions and the support of the bill


Asbestos legislation case study

Asbestos Legislation Case Study

  • 13 House sponsors received $1,000 within 2 days to 4 months of sponsoring the bill

  • 50% of Heyman contributions went to individuals with access to influence on bill

  • Gave $40,000 to DSCC, which is chaired by the ranking Democrat on the committee

  • In total, $110,000 went to members of the committee handling the bill


Decrease in the number of pacs

Decrease in The Number of PAcs

Number of PACs, 1990:

4,193

Number of PACs, 1995:

3,982

Number of PACs, 2000:

3,706


Rise of pac fundraising

Rise of Pac fundraising

Contributions to Individ.:

167 million, up from 134.3 million

Total Disbursements:

357.7 million, up from 279 million

Total Receipts:

430.6 million, up from 344.5 million

Data from 9/00 FEC Study


Rise of party fundraising

Rise of party fundraising

1992 Election Cycle:

Dem.- 191.8, Rep.- 316.1

1994 Election Cycle:

Dem.- 170.2, Rep.- 276.2

1996 Election Cycle:

Dem.- 332.3, Rep.- 548.7

1998 Election Cycle:

Dem.- 244.9, Rep.- 404.6

2000 Election Cycle:

Dem.- 513.0, Rep.- 691.8

Data from 1/01 FEC Study


The power of money

Candidate as a Campaign Spectator

Money from large interest groups has begun to have several affects on the campaigns and the candidates.

Buying Time: The Mobilization of Bias

An alternative look at the impact and importance of money in the political process.

The Power of Money


Campaign finance reform

Campaign Finance Reform


Decline in voter turnout

Decline in Voter Turnout

1960 – 62.8%

1992 – 55.2%

2000 – 51.0%

Information from Committee for the Study of the American Electorate


Organizational involvement education

Organizational Involvement-Education

Perct. of people involved in organizations that take political stands:

8th Grade or Less: 10%

Some High School: 24%

H.S. Graduate: 42%

Some College: 51%

College Graduate: 65%

Some Grad School: 70%

Grad. School Degree: 82%

Source: Crotty, Schwartz, and Green. Representing Interests and Interest Group Representation. University Press of America, 1991. P. 76.


Organizational involvement income

Organizational Involvement - Income

Percent of people involved in organizations that take political stands by income:

Less than 15,000:29%

15,000-24,999:39%

25,000-34,999:51%

35,000-49,000:56%

50,000-74,999:57%

75,000-124,999:72%

125,000 or more:77%

Source: Crotty, Schwartz, and Green. Representing Interests and Interest Group Representation. University Press of America, 1991. P. 76.


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Most of the current state of the American political system lends support to the arguments of the pluralist critics

  • Some still argue that interest groups serve to educate and activate the public

  • The Madisonian Dilemma still exists


  • Login