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Security Industrial policy + Horizon 2020 Secure Societies. Khoen Liem Policy and Research in security DG Enterprise and Industry. Helsinki, 25 March 2014 i 2013. Content. Industry policy for security sector FP7 - achievements Horizon - 2020 "Secure society"

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Security industrial policy horizon 2020 secure societies

Security Industrial policy + Horizon 2020Secure Societies

Khoen Liem

Policy and Research in security DG Enterprise and Industry

Helsinki, 25 March 2014i 2013


Content

  • Industry policy for security sector

  • FP7 - achievements

  • Horizon - 2020

  • "Secure society"

  • (Outlook for 1st SEC call H-2020)

  • Pre Commercial Procurement

  • European Council December 2013


Industrial policy background
Industrial Policy - Background

The Commission announced a policy initiative for the EU security industry in the EU 2020 flagship initiative "An Industrial Policy for the Globalisation Era Putting Competitiveness and Sustainability at Centre Stage".COM(2010) 614

This lead to the dedicated Communication "Security Industrial Policy - Action Plan for an innovative and competitive Security Industry" COM(2012) 417


Communication on the security industrial policy com 2012 417
Communication on the Security Industrial Policy – COM(2012)417

Action Plan for an innovative and competitive Security Industry

Objectives:

1. Overcoming the fragmentation of the EU security market

2. Reducing the gap from research to market

3. Better integration of the societal dimension


1 overcoming market fragmentation
1. COM(2012)417Overcoming market fragmentation

  • Standardisation

  • Certification/ conformity assessment procedures

  • Synergies between security and defence technologies ("Dual-Use research")


2 reducing the gap from research to market
2. Reducing the gap COM(2012)417from research to market

  • Aligning funding programmes, exploiting IPR routes

  • Pre-commercial procurement (PCP)

  • Access to international procurement markets

  • Third party liability limitation


3 better integration of the societal dimension
3. Better integration of the societal dimension COM(2012)417

Societal impact: “checking” during the R&D phase

Privacy by design and privacy by default during the design phase


Security research & COM(2012)417the 7th Framework Programme (FP7)

  • FP7-Security (2007-2013):

    • 1,400 Mio EUR (20% to SMEs)

    • More than 250 projects and 2,500 participants

  • EU funding: more than 40% of total European funding


The new horizon 2020
The new "Horizon–2020" COM(2012)417

  • Aim: securing Europe's global competitiveness by investing in science and innovation

  • Budget: €79 000 million

  • Duration: 2014-2020


What has changed in h 2020
What has changed in H-2020? COM(2012)417

  • Strong challenge-based approach

  • Focus on societal challenges facing EU society

  • Simplified list of possible actions

  • Mainstreaming of cross-cutting issues

  • Coupling research to innovation: from research to retail, all forms of innovation

  • Participation is easier:

    - easier access

    - easier applications

    - less reporting

    - shorter time to grant

    - quicker payments

    - fewer audits


H 2020 key pillars
H-2020 Key pillars COM(2012)417

  • Supporting Europe's excellent science base

  • Building industrial leadership in Europe

  • Tackling societal challenges for a better society

    • Secure societies


Security a societal challenge
Security: a societal challenge COM(2012)417

It concerns the protection of citizens, society and economy as well as Europe's assets, infrastructures and services, its prosperity, political stability and well-being.

Any malfunction or disruption, intentional or accidental, can have a detrimental impact with high associated economic or societal costs.


Secure Societies: does industry matter? COM(2012)417

The security industry is one of the sectors with highest potential for growth and employment in the EU. In 2011, the sector employed 180,000 people, with an annual turnover of approximately €30 billion.

  • Overcoming market fragmentation through EU-wide standards

  • Reducing the gap from research to market by introducing new funding schemes such as Pre-Commercial Procurement

  • Better integration of societal considerations by thoroughly assessing the impact of security technologies on fundamental rights


Security research
Security Research COM(2012)417

  • Maintains its mission driven character

  • Supports EU internal and external security policies

  • Supports the EU industry to be competitive

  • Strengthens the involvement of the end-users

  • Takes more into account the Societal Dimension

  • Includes Cyber-Security


Security research1
Security Research COM(2012)417

Lisbon Treaty

  • Maintains its mission driven character

  • Supports EU internal and externalsecuritypolicies

  • Supports the EU industry to be competitive

  • Strengthens the involvement of the end-users

  • Takes more into account the Societal Dimension

  • Includes Cyber-Security


Security research2
Security Research COM(2012)417

  • Maintains its mission driven character

  • Supports EU internal and external security policies

  • Supports the EU industry to be competitive

  • Strengthens the involvement of the end-users

  • Takes more into account the Societal Dimension

  • Includes Cyber-Security

European Cyber Security Strategy


Strong link to eu policy initiatives
Strong link to EU policy initiatives COM(2012)417

- The EU Internal Security Strategy in Action, COM(2010)673

- Towards a stronger European disaster response: the role of civil protection and humanitarian assistance, COM(2010)600

- The EU Action Plan on combating terrorism

- The Security Industry Policy Action Plan COM (2012) 417

- Cybersecurity Strategy of the European Union: An Open, Safe and Secure Cyberspace JOIN(2013) 1 final

- Flagship Initiative 'Digital Agenda for Europe'

- The EU Strategy towards the Eradication of Trafficking in Human Beings 2012–2016, COM(2012) 286

- European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection (EPCIP),COM(2006)786

- Civilian Headline Goal 2008

- EU Maritime Security Strategy……(2014)


Stakeholder involvement
Stakeholder involvement COM(2012)417

Security is an issue that can only be tackled effectively if all stakeholders cooperate. Representatives of the public and private sector need to work together across borders. The Work Programme is addressed to:

  • private companies

  • industrial corporations

  • institutional stakeholders

  • civil society organisations


Features
Features COM(2012)417

  • Strengthened coordination with relevant EU-Agencies: FRONTEX, EUROPOL, ENISA, EMSA, eu-LISA etc.

  • Closer coordination with the activities of EDA

  • Pre-Commercial Procurement (PCP) instrument


Structure of the secure societies work programme
Structure of the Secure Societies Work Programme COM(2012)417

  • Disaster Resilient Societies – ENTR (+ R&I)

  • Crisis management and civil protection, critical infrastructure protection

  • Fight against Crime and Terrorism - ENTR

  • Forensics, law enforcement capabilities, ethical/societal dimension

  • Border Security - ENTR

  • Border crossing points, information management, supply chain security

  • Digital Security – CNCT (+ ENTR)

  • Privacy, access control, trust eServices, Secure information sharing


Call open: 25 March 2014 COM(2012)417

Call closed: 28 Aug 2014

Info on outcome of Evaluation: end October 2014

Signature of Grant Agreements: starting early 2015

Time line

Website: http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/home.html


Pre commercial procurement pcp
Pre-Commercial Procurement (PCP) COM(2012)417

In “Security Industrial Policy-Action Plan for an innovative and competitive Security Industry” (COM(2012) 417 final) it is written :

“Pre-commercial procurement (PCP) is a very useful tool in bridging the gap from research to market…..in particular in domains, where there is an institutional market or a market largely driven by legislation, given that public procurement of innovative products and services is vital for improving the quality and efficiency of public services at a time of budget constraints.

Eventually, PCP should enable public users to play a more central role in the innovation cycle through the purchase of novel technologies.

Procurers should act as "agents of change".

The Commission intends to devote a significant part of the Secure Societies budget in Horizon 2020 on this instrument.


Pre commercial procurement pcp1
Pre-Commercial Procurement (PCP) COM(2012)417

PCP: using public-sector demand to drive development of innovative solutions from Europe’s research and private sectors.

It is an additional tool that can be used to bridge the gap between research and market.

PCP should enable public users to play a more central role in the innovation cycle through th purchase of novel technologies.


Pre-Commercial Procurement (PCP) COM(2012)417

  • When?

    • Challenge requires R&D to get new solutions introduced. Problem clear, but pros/cons of several potential competing solutions not evaluated/validated yet. PCP: No commitment to deploy yet (PPI).

  • What?

    • Public sector contracts R&D to steer development of solutions to its needs, gather info about pros/cons of alternative solutions to be better informed to make specs for a possible PPI follow-up, to avoid supplier lock-in situation (create competitive supply base)

  • How?

    • Public sector buys R&D from several suppliers in parallel (comparing alternative solution approaches), in form of competition evaluating progress after critical milestones (design, prototyping, test phase), risks & benefits of R&D (e.g. IPRs) shared with suppliers to maximise incentives for wide commercialisation


PPI - Public Procurement of Innovative Solutions COM(2012)417

  • When?

    • Challenge requires solution which is almost on the market or already on the market in small quantity but not meeting public sector requirements for large scale deployment yet. No R&D involved (already done, or not needed)

  • What?

    • Public sector acts as launching customer / early adopter / first buyer for innovative products and services that are newly arriving on the market (not widely commercially available yet)

  • How?

    • Public sector acts as facilitator establishing a buyers group with critical mass that triggers industry to scale up its production chain to bring products on the market with desired quality / price ratio within a specific time. After potentially a test / certification / labelling, the buyers group buys a significant volume of solutions.


  • PCP COM(2012)417 to steer the development of solutions towards concrete public sector needs, whilst comparing alternative solution approaches from various vendors

  • PPI to act as launching customer / first buyer of innovative commercial end-solutions newly arriving on the market

Public Procurement of

Innovative Solutions (PPI)

Applied R&D / Pre-commercial Procurement (PCP)

Phase 0

Curiosity

Driven

Research

Phase 1

Solution design

Phase 4

Deployment of commercial volumes of end-products

Wide diffusion of newly developed solutions

Phase 2

Prototype

development

Phase 3

Original development

of limited volume

of first test products /

services

Supplier A

Supplier B

Supplier B

Supplier B

Supplier(s)

A,B,C,D

and/or X

Supplier C

Supplier C

Supplier D

Supplier D

Supplier D

Also normally multiple sourcing here to keep competition going

  • Objectives:

    • Price/quality products that better fit public sector needs

    • Earlier customer feedback for companies developing solutions

    • Better take-up/Wider commercialisation of R&D results


International dimension
International Dimension COM(2012)417

  • All topics are open to international cooperation

  • Some topics explicitly encourage international cooperation:

  • "In line with the EU's strategy for international cooperation in research and innovation international cooperation is encouraged, and in particular with international research partners involved in on-going discussions and workshops, and US homeland security research entities. Funding for third countries is however still subject to the  evaluations."

  • Eligibility for funding: see Art. 10.2 of the Rules for Participation


Conclusions of the European Council (19-20/12) COM(2012)417

  • First thematic debate on defence since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty.

  • Highlighted the importance of an effective Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP).

  • Recognised that financial constraints and fragmented defence markets limit military capabilities and jeopardise the stability and competitiveness of Europe's defence and security industry.

  • A number of priority actions were identified:

  • Increasing the effectiveness, visibility and impact of CSDP

  • Enhancing the development of capabilities

  • Strengthening Europe's defence industry


European Council – COM(2012)417Research & Dual-use

  • "To ensure the long-term competitiveness of the European defence industry and secure the modern capabilities needed, it is essential to retain defence Research & Technology (R&T) expertise, especially in critical defence technologies."

  • Civil and defence research reinforce each other

  • Further dual-use research is encouraged

  • Synergies between national and EU research should be maximised

  • A Preparatory Action on CDSP-related research will be set up


Thank you
…..….thank you COM(2012)417

  • Khoen Liem

  • European Commission

  • DG Enterprise and Industry

  • [email protected]

  • http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/security/index_en.htm

    (you can also find me in 'LinkedIn' - [email protected])


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