Grade 5 science vocabulary eog study guide updated 5 9 11 nvalentine
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Earth & Its Resources. Part I. Grade 5 Science Vocabulary EOG Study Guide Updated 5.9.11 NValentine. http://www.freakingnews.com/SAVE-THE-EARTH-Pics-47948.asp. faults. Cracks in the earth’s crust are called ___. geolab.unc.edu. lacreekfreak.wordpress.com. Seismographs.

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Grade 5 Science Vocabulary EOG Study Guide Updated 5.9.11 NValentine

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Earth & Its Resources

Part I

Grade 5Science VocabularyEOG Study Guide

Updated 5.9.11 NValentine

http://www.freakingnews.com/SAVE-THE-EARTH-Pics-47948.asp


faults

  • Cracks in the earth’s crust are called ___.

geolab.unc.edu

lacreekfreak.wordpress.com


Seismographs

  • ____ record motions of the earth’s crust and help to predict earthquakes.

onlinegeography.wikispaces.com


benchmarks

  • Surveyors leave ___ that tell the exact elevation of a place.

ci.woodburn.or.us

tfsandassociates.com


geologists

  • Scientists who study earth are called ___.

whenigrowupkids.com


crust

  • The outer layer of the earth is the ___.

scienceramiro.blogspot.com


mantle

  • Under the earth’s crust is the ___.

crack.seismo.unr.edu


core

  • Below the mantle is the earth’s ___, with liquid and solid parts.

sott.net


Earth's Layers

Author Unknown

Edited by:  Heather Carter

(The original song can be found at  http://www.dmns.org/NR/rdonlyres/3B87D8E8-5972-485B-A5A6-E147245487E1/587/LoadsofLayers.pdf)

Inner Core, Outer Core, Mantle, Crust-

The Earth is made of rocks and dust!

Inner Core, Outer Core, Mantle, Crust-

The Earth is made of rocks and dust!

The Inner Core is in the middle.

The Inner Core is solid rock!

The Inner Core is iron and nickel.

The Inner Core is very hot!

Inner Core, Outer Core, Mantle, Crust-

The Earth is made of rocks and dust!

Inner Core, Outer Core, Mantle, Crust-

The Earth is made of rocks and dust!

The Outer Core is moving slowly-

All around the Inner Core!

The Outer Core is molten lava

Five thousand degrees or more

Inner Core, Outer Core, Mantle, Crust-

The Earth is made of rocks and dust!

Inner Core, Outer Core, Mantle, Crust-

The Earth is made of rocks and dust!

The Mantle is the thickest layer-

Made of thick and flowing rock!

The Earth's Crust is the thinnest layer.

That's the layer where we walk!

Inner Core, Outer Core, Mantle, Crust-

The Earth is made of rocks and dust!

Inner Core, Outer Core, Mantle, Crust-

The Earth is made of rocks and dust!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q9j1xGaxYzY

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RiHRI_Z2Kgs&feature=related


tension

  • The force that stretches or pulls apart the crust is ___.

  • Tension: rock layers being stretched, tends to make rocks thinner and longer

schoolworkhelper.net


compression

  • The force that squeezes or pushes the crust together is ___. Rock layers are squeezed inward and tend to make rock layers thicker and shorter.


plates

  • Pieces of Earth’s crust that move along the surface are called ___.

freewebs.com


Convection currents

  • ___ ___ are currents caused by warm air rising and cold air sinking.

This animated image shows heat rising in convection currents from the outer boundary of the core and cooling at the surface.

http://www.windows2universe.org/earth/interior/cooling_history_2.html


shear

  • The force that twists, tears, or pushes one part of the crust past another is ___.

purdue.edu


Fold mountains

  • Mountains made of crumpled and folded layers of rock are called ___ ___.

ngdir.ir


magma

  • Hot, molten rock deep below Earth’s surface is ___.

lyricsdog.eu

freedomsphoenix.com


lava

  • When magma comes to the surface, it is called ___.

blogs.agu.org


Fault-block mountains

  • Blocks of crust moving along a fault can form ___ ___.

earthbox.wikia.com


weathering

  • The breaking down of materials of Earth’s crust into smaller pieces is ___.

teachingboxes.org

Polygonal jointing and weathering in upper Navajo Sandstone, Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument


Erosion Song

Lyrics by Ann Dunn and Karyn Crocker, edited by Suzy Galazy

Richmond Public Schools: Science Lead Teacher Songbook2003-2004

Tune: "Jingle Bells"

Running down a hill

Or coming down as snow,

Water causes much

Erosion, this we know.

Wave action moves the beach.

A river carves the land.

Everywhere that water goes,

It Carries dirt or sand.

Chorus:

Oh, wind and rain, snow and ice,

Water running free;

These all cause land to erode

With changes we can see.

Wind and rain, snow and ice,

Water running free;

These all cause land to erode

With changes we can see .

Wind blowing in a gale,

Or as gentle as a breeze,

Wears the rock away,

And carries sand with ease.

A hurricane last year,

And glaciers long ago,

Are ways that natural forces use

To change the earth we know.

(Repeat Chorus)

erosion

  • The picking up and carrying away of pieces of earth and rock is called ___.

http://www.teamcarterlces.com/Geological_Features_of_Earth.htm


Expand and contract

  • Changes in temperature can make rocks ___ and ___.

  • (The hotter it gets, the more the rock EXPANDS. This means the cracks between the rocks become smaller.)

Photo: Daniel Greene

http://indianapublicmedia.org/amomentofscience/step-on-a-crack/


Wind

  • ___ can erode rock, and is the force behind the creation of sand dunes.


glacier

  • A moving river of ice that carries rocks and wears away the land is called a ___.

http://soapbox.lafayette.edu/node/4187


deposition

  • The dropping off of bits of eroded rock is called ___.

ryenats.org.uk


basins

  • Deposition can gradually fill up depressions, or ___ in Earth’s surface.

fs.fed.us


meteorites

  • A chunk of rock from space that strikes a surface, such as Earth

http://elitechoice.org/2009/07/17/the-hambleton-meteorite-is-rare-up-for-sale/


tributaries

Small ___ in the hills and mountains flow into larger rivers.

ian.umces.edu


runoff

  • Water that runs off Earth’s solid surface is ___.

sc6.blogspot.com


watershed

  • An area from which water is drained is called a ___.

sanduskyriver.org

http://www.growingthenextgeneration.com/agrium-games/WaterShed_Games/index.htm


gravity

  • The force of ___ keeps water flowing downhill.

lorenphotos.com


sediment

  • Pieces of material carried by moving water are called ___.

ceasethegreasentx.com

nps.gov


erode

  • The force of running water with its load of sediment can ___ a stream bed.


Meanders

  • ___ are bends or S-shapes in rivers.

geo.wvu.edu

scioly.org


delta

  • A fan-shaped deposit of sediment

earthasart.gsfc.nasa.gov

eltworld.net


hydrosphere

  • The water layer that covers most of the lithosphere

sos.noaa.gov


atmosphere

  • Many layers of gases that surround the earth

  • Layers of the Atmosphere Song http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AkaY1dvZer4

tecnozono.com


Flood plain

  • An area that forms when eroded material from the outer side of a river is deposited on the inner side

content.swgfl.org.uk


lithosphere

  • The __ -sphere is the hard, rocky surface of the earth

http://next-new.blogspot.com/2011/04/composition-of-environment.html


hydrosphere

  • Includes fresh water found in lakes, rivers, streams, groundwater, and ice

study-geography.blogspot.com


atmosphere

  • The ___ -sphere is made up of 4 major layers

astrobob.areavoices.com


fertile

  • Over time, sediments build up in flood plains, creating ___ farmlands.

farmriverhoney.com


mouth

  • The place where a river empties into an ocean is called the ___ of the river.

elwhabiodiversity.org


river valleys

  • Small channels that are deepened and widened by erosion are called ___.

rushmerefarm.co.za


canyons

  • Deep V-shaped valleys are often called ___.

babaavenue.blogspot.com


water gap

  • Over time, a river that slowly cuts its way across and down into resistant rock can form a ___ ___.

kateskindergarten.com


Beaches

  • ___ form when sediments are deposited on shorelines.


landslides

  • Rapid ___ can be set off by earthquakes, volcanic activity and heavy rains.

http://www.zimbio.com/pictures/s9PaX78oubR/Two+Houses+Swept+Landslide


contour line

  • On a topographic map, a ___ ___ connects points of equal height above or below sea level.


slope

  • Contour lines that are closer together indicate a steeper ___.


steeper land

  • What would cause a stream to move faster?

http://www.graphicshunt.com/wallpapers/images/steep_waterfall-2571.htm


minerals

  • Solid materials of Earth’s crust are called ___.

glowinthedark.net.au


elements

  • Like all matter, minerals are made of ___.

mail.colonial.net


compounds

  • Most minerals are chemical ___, that is, two or more elements joined together.


crystals

  • Minerals form geometric shapes, called ___.


luster

  • The way light bounces off a mineral is called ___.

    Which mineral below shows a greater luster?


streak

  • The color of the powder left when a mineral is rubbed against a hard, rough surface is called its ___.


hardness

  • The measure of how well a mineral resists scratching is called its ___.


cleavage

  • If a mineral breaks along flat surfaces, it is called ___.

http://www.sepulveda2.com/catalog_sepulveda/images/thumb_1224614065_glacierledge.jpg

http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://web1.beverlyhg-h.schools.nsw.edu.au/Faculty/Science/MCINERNEY/Year%25208/3rd%2520rock/6calcite-cleavage2.jpg&imgrefurl=http://web1.beverlyhg-h.schools.nsw.edu.au/Faculty/Science/MCINERNEY/Year%25208/3rd%2520rock/3rd%2520rock.htm&usg=__5-ySezCYvjGnk25nYziE79onM_U=&h=522&w=640&sz=88&hl=en&start=1&zoom=1&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=twmnkcsRxzQdvM:&tbnh=112&tbnw=137&prev=/search%3Fq%3Drock%2Bwith%2Bcleavage%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26biw%3D1259%26bih%3D594%26tbm%3Disch&ei=RFbITZ-ZJojGgAfSn9XPBA


fracture

  • Minerals that do not break smoothly are said to have ___.


magma

  • Many rocks form when hot liquid rock, or ___ cools.


crystals

  • Cooling hot water can form ___ that settle to the bottom of the water.


evaporates

  • Common table salt is formed when ocean water ___.

http://www.gemland.com/images/saltponds.jpg


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