James 1:2 “My brethren, count it all joy when you fall into various trials,..”. Leader – ideal “freedom at all costs”. To a group - 1933 “no respectable German shops here”. To the media Nov 8, 1937, propaganda art exhibit entitled “wandering Jew” over 150,000 people attended in 3 days.
Philo leads embassy of Jews to Son of murdered Germanus – “little boots” = Caligula – (37-41) (loopy – “kiss me” “sweetie”) (brothel of senator’s wives –mandatory attendance – horse senator – Killed by praetorian guard – replaced by uncle Claudius) Caligula says they will always be under his control
-Christianity is a religio illicita: it is approved by the state neither as a religious cult nor as a voluntary association. Christians refuse to participate in state cult, and are without exemption provided to Jews.
“Judaeos, impulsore Chresto, Christians of Judea by the hands of Saul and Barnabas (Acts 11.29).
assidue tumultuantes (Claudius)
A third century legend has it that Simon Magus (Acts 8.9-24) and St. Peter had confrontations in Rome. Simon, wishing to gain an advantage over Peter and to impress Claudius with his ability to fly, fell to his death from the top of the Roman Forum. MEDIA GOES NUTS
64 Nero kicks his wife Poppaea to death and St. Peter had confrontations in Rome. Simon, wishing to gain an advantage over Peter and to impress Claudius with his ability to fly, fell to his death from the top of the Roman Forum. July, 64 1st Persecution of Christians, under Nero. When Rome burned for six days, Nero (54-68) blamed the Christians. In 62, Nero had married Poppea Sabina, a proselyte to Judaism. Of Nero’s persecution, Tacitus wrote, “First Nero had self-acknowledged Christians arrested. Then, on their information, large numbers of others were condemned. ...Their deaths were made farcical. Dressed in wild animal’s skins, they were torn to pieces by dogs, or crucified, or made into torches to be ignited after dark as substitutes for daylight.” MEDIA
67/68 St. Jews ensued. Paul martyred on the road from Rome to Ostia. Beheaded by the sword. About this same time St. Peter also martyred, crucified upside down.
. 5. Letters between Pliny and Trajan during the second decade of the second century. Pliny is a provincial governor and writes to the emperor Trajan for instructions on how to deal with Christians. Trajan replies that “they are not to be sought out nor were anonymous denunciations to be acted on. But once then have been identified and have refused to stop their illicit cult, they are to be executed. The problem seems to be obstinacy more than the threat of a rival cult.”