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VIRGIN ISLANDS HISTORY A Lesson By Zoraida E. Jacobs. VIRGIN ISLANDS – PUERTO RICO HEROES. Puerto Ricans in the Virgin Islands. Profiles of Outstanding Puerto Ricans in the Virgin Islands Appropriate for grades 6-12.

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VIRGIN ISLANDS HISTORY A Lesson By Zoraida E. Jacobs

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Puerto Ricans in the Virgin Islands

  • Profiles of Outstanding Puerto Ricans in the Virgin Islands

  • Appropriate for grades 6-12.

  • OVERVIEW: Puerto Ricans in the Virgin Islands, and in particular St. Croix came to the Virgin Islands in the 1930’s. Others who consider themselves Puerto Ricans or Porto Crucians were born to these immigrants in the Virgin Islands. These Puerto Ricans have contributed much to the Virgin Islands in many ways. This and other lessons will explore Puerto Ricans and their many contributions to the Virgin Islands.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this activity is to familiarize students with information about their history as people in the Virgin Islands. Research has shown that when persons learn about themselves this serves as an incentive to learning the skills needed for school and for life.

Students will develop an awareness of the important role their forefathers played in the economic, political and social history of the Virgin Islands and in particular St. Croix. The lessons will also help them become aware of how the local community influences their lives today.


Students will be able to:

1. Identify and list the outstanding Puerto Ricans of St. Croix, and describe at least one contribution of each to the local community.

2. Identify at least five persons who influenced the development of St. Croix, Virgin Islands.

3. Identify at least five careers that Puerto Ricans have been successful in.


1. Using materials from the local library and historical society, the students do research and write reports about how the Puerto Ricans helped to established St. Croix.

2. Arrange a field trip to the county historical museum to see pictures and artifacts surrounding the early history of the area. The curator for the museum can give students individual help on projects and inform the group about historical information.

3. Interview Puerto Ricans who have lived on St. Croix for a long period of time.

4. Using information from the Historical Society and Chamber of

Commerce, students do reports or posters about famous Puerto Ricans who have influenced the growth of St. Croix.

Senator Candido Guadaloupe “Manocan”

He was born on the island of Vieques, Puerto Rico. He came to the Virgin Islands ,like many other Puerto Ricans, when the U.S Navy took over the island.

History of the Navy in Vieques - Map of Vieques prior to the 2001 land transfer

Vieques is known as "La Isla Nena" (little girl island) and "Isabel Segunda" (Isabel II). Vieques was founded in 1843 by Francisco Saínz.

It's 21 miles (34 km) long and 3 miles (5 km) wide, and it is 52 square miles (135 square km) in area. It was annexed to Puerto Rico in 1854. Vieques derives its name from the Taino Indian word for small island (bieques).

   Land Area: 135 sq km (51.7 sq mi) Water Area: 213.15 sq mi Population: 9,351 Density: 67.7 per sq km (176.1 per sq mi) Housing Units: 4,388 Housing Density: 86.3 Per Capita Income: $6,562 Source: 2000 Census Coordinates:    Latitude: 18.13º N   Longitude: 65.40º W Wards: Isabel Segunda, Florida, Puerto Diablo, Puerto Ferro, Puerto Real, Llave, Mosquito and Punto Arenas. Driving Distance: 29.1 miles to Fajardo * Driving Time: 52 minutes to Fajardo, take a Ferry *

  • Manocan travels to St. Croix

  • Candido R. Guadalupe, “Manocan” was born in Vieques Puerto Rico on October 3, 1904

  • His parents were Julian Rodriguez and Eustaquia Guadalupe.

  • He traveled from Vieques to Culebra, as well as, other islands aboard a ship known as “La Goleta La Espada.”

  • During his travels, Candido met many Hispanic families whom he encouraged to come to St. Croix.

  • Candido came to the Virgin Islands in the year 1927.

  • He met and married Manuela Rojas Rosario and settled on the island of St. Croix.

  • St. Croix was an American Territory, and jobs were more plentiful than on the small islands of Puerto Rico.

  • Manocan legacy as a Good Samaritan

  • - Went where called, Godfather to many -

  • Manocan was known for serving his people with his kindness and always lending a helping hand.

  • Manocan was known as a Good Samaritan.

  • There was no problem too big for Manocan.

  • Everybody ran to him for help. Whether it was making arrangements for someone’s funeral, a sick baby, paying someone’s light bill, helping someone short of money or transportation to the doctor. He always said, “Yes, I will help.”

  • Manocan becomes a senator - Obtains land for Puerto Ricans -

  • Is known as a point man for Puerto Ricans

  • entered politics in 1958

  • served as senator for two consecutive terms in the V.I. Senate, 1958 -1962.

  • He served in the Third Legislature, 1958 -1960, along with Walter I.M. Hodge President Candido R. Guadalupe - Vice President John L. Maduro – Secretary Aubrey A. Anduze, Lucinda A. Millin, Ronald DeLugo, Theovald E. Moorhead, Joseph A. Gomez, Earle B. Ottley, Fritz Lawaetz, Percival H. Reese.

  • He also served in the Fourth Legislature, 1961-62, along with Walter I.M. Hodge – President Candido R. Guadalupe - Vice President John L. Maduro – Secretary Joseph Alexander, Lucinda A. Millin, Aubrey A. Anduze, Theovald E. Moorhead, Joseph P. Gomez, Earle B. Ottley, Fritz Lawaetz, and Percival H. Reese.

  • was Senate Vice-President in his second term.

  • was instrumental in getting the land at Estate Profit (Machuchal) to be given to Puerto Ricans to live on.

  • He also helped some of the residents there to build their homes, “casitas.” Manocan.

Manocan becomes a businessman. Manocan owned a restaurant in downtown Christiansted. Above is a picture of his residence in Estate Richmond, Christiansted. His auto parts business was on the first floor and his residence in the second floor.

Manocan, a family man - Brothers & sisters - Responsibility of a godfather

Candido R. Guadalupe “Manocan” was the oldest 8 children. His brothers were Jose, Andres, Angel and his sisters were Catalina, Francisca, Virginia and Anastasia.

He and his wife Manuela were married for over 50 years had no children but adopted several. Among these were Roman Marrero (Juny Manocan) and Asilda Rojas.

Candido “Manocan” Guadalupe had hundreds of godchildren. In those days being a godfather was taken very seriously. A godfather was there for you if your father passed away, he looked after your education and helped after school hours, one could spend summers with godparents. His car was always overflowing with godchildren.

  • Ar Ma Pa Vi Hispanic Organization

  • He was one of the founders of the organization known as Ar Ma Pa Vie. Ar was Argentina, Ma for Mayaguez, Pa for Panama and Vi for Vieques.

  • This organization was followed by Alma Boricua founded by Miguel Duchesne and later by Hispanos Unidos founded by Jose Calderon, Eladio Perez, Attorney Eddy Rivera, Juan Rivera, Mr. Low Price, and Ernesto Cortez.

  • These organizations were open to anyone who spoke Spanish.

  • These two organizations were the fore runners of present day Hispanos Unidos.

Candido R. Guadalupe “Manocan” continues to be remembered as a kind hearted person who gave unselfishly to his people on St. Croix. The housing project in Fredensborg is named in his honor, the Candido Guadalupe Terrace Housing.

  • Homework Assignment

  • Based on this reading/presentation please do two of the following for next week:

  • Interview a parent or grandparent and ask the following questions:

    • When did they arrive on St. Croix

    • How did they travel to St. Croix?

    • What was their native language, Spanish, French, Tagalog, Papamiento or other?

    • Please look up the following terms:

    • Vieques

    • Taino

    • Goleta

    • Godfather

    • Senator


History comes alive as you walk among the original early 18th century plantation buildings on the 12 acres of Whim Museum. The stately greathouse welcomes you with gracious guides waiting to tell you the stories of the house and plantation life. The fully restored windmill and sugar factory ruins are open for you to explore. You can see sugar cane growing nearby in one of the plantation gardens. The grounds are graced with tropical flowers, plants and trees. Whim is the oldest sugar plantation museum in the Virgin Islands. Its purpose is to increase the understanding of a colonial sugar plantation to both island residents and visitors. Exhibits and guided tours are designed to interpret the economics of a plantation, explain the procedures used in the cultivation and processing of sugar, and describe the everyday life of the people who lived and worked there. Estate Whim is typical of the agricultural plantations originally laid out in the 1730's by the Danish West Indian Company. The first records of ownership were in 1743 and show cotton as being grown on the estate. By 1754 sugar had apparently become the main crop and so it continued until the 1920's when sugar, long since an unprofitable industry on the island, gave way to cattle.

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