theory of political leadership
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Theory of Political Leadership. UNU/ILA. Leadership: a Generic Concept. Importance: In society and group activities we seek to avoid chaos and to feel a sense of belonging and purpose Leadership emerges in the process of learning to relate to one another

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leadership a generic concept
Leadership: a Generic Concept
  • Importance: In society and group activities we seek to avoid chaos and to feel a sense of belonging and purpose
  • Leadership emerges in the process of learning to relate to one another
  • These individuals are more involved, have certain values, have vision, and initiate change
evolving definition
Evolving Definition
  • Our definition of leadership changes as we perceive and construct reality in new ways
  • Ancient societies: leaders = heroes, prophets, philosophers
  • Middle Ages: popes and kings
  • Machiavelli: clever and amoral “princes”
  • Early modern: rational-bureaucratic and authoritarian models of leaders
contemporary view
Contemporary View
  • New leadership resulting from complex economic and social changes, globalization, and democratization
  • Leaders are judged on their effectiveness, style, service, cultural-sensitivity, adaptive-capacity, ethics, wisdom, participation, personal judgement
current scholars
Current Scholars
  • Burns Wren
  • Heifetz Rost
  • Bass Ciulla
  • Kellerman Greenleaf
  • O’Toole Gardner
  • Hollander Fiedler
  • Nanus
types of leadership
Types of Leadership
  • Religious
  • Political
  • Corporate
  • Societal
  • Knowledge-based
political leadership
Political Leadership
  • “Distribution of values and resources of a political society”
  • Conceptual development:
      • Authority
      • Power
      • Influence
      • Participation and Democracy
      • Ethics and Wisdom
evolution of political leadership
Evolution of Political Leadership
  • Authority:
      • Exclusive; closed system; eliminate autonomous and independent sources of leadership
      • Rational-legal framework described by Max Weber
  • Power
      • Behavioral and mobilizational construct
      • Ambition theory: high motivation for domination
      • Channel for social mobility and economic transformation
      • Lasswell’s Political man, Politics, and Personality
  • Influence
      • Interpersonal relations and communications
      • Leadership-followership relationship
      • Exchange, motivation, rewards, ideological inspiration, moral authority, charisma
evolution cont
Evolution, cont.
  • Participation: Democratic leadership
    • Interactive process
    • Involves individuals, groups, parties within societies
  • Ethics and Wisdom: Future Political Leadership
    • Emphasis on leaders, constituencies, local, state, national, and international
knowledge based leadership
Knowledge-based Leadership
  • “leaders to create new contexts, which breakdown organizational boundaries and encourage a variety of cognitive styles”
  • Democratic and communitarian
  • Strategic planning, information management
  • Change mindsets and methods
  • Create large, wide, deep, fast networks
summary
Summary
  • Leaders are needed to create and manage change in the 21st century
  • More eclectic approach necessary incorporating political, corporate and social leadership
  • Need for new styles in the face of rapid social and economic changes resulting from globalization and new technologies
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