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The Weimar Republic 1919-1933. Why did it fail?. Nmg 05. Early Problems. 1918 Germany loses the War – the Kaiser abdicates January 1919 Spartacist Revolt Treaty of Versailles 1920 Kapp Putsch. Political & Economic Problems. Reparations announced Uprisings, strikes, murders across Germany

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the weimar republic 1919 1933

The Weimar Republic 1919-1933

Why did it fail?

Nmg 05

early problems
Early Problems
  • 1918 Germany loses the War – the Kaiser abdicates
  • January 1919 Spartacist Revolt
  • Treaty of Versailles
  • 1920 Kapp Putsch
political economic problems
Political & Economic Problems
  • Reparations announced
  • Uprisings, strikes, murders across Germany
  • French invade Ruhr, 1923
  • German economy collapses
  • Beer Hall Putsch
the golden years 1924 9
The Golden Years 1924-9
  • Success under Stresemann
  • American loans – Dawes & Young Plans
  • Period of expansion – new factories etc
wall street crash
Wall Street Crash !
  • Wall Street collapse triggered the Great Depression
  • German economy affected immediately
  • Coalition governments unable to cope
  • Unemployment soared
election results
Election results
  • Nazis and Communists did well
  • July 1932 saw Nazis the largest party in the Reichstag
  • Parties like the Social Democrats relying on middle class support suffered
hitler helped into power
Hitler helped into power
  • Fears of communist success led to support for Nazis from big business
  • Army warned Hindenburg of possible civil war
  • November 1932 saw fall in Nazi support!
hitler becomes chancellor
Hitler becomes Chancellor
  • Negotiations behind the scenes saw Hitler appointed Chancellor in January 1933
  • von Papen and Army leaders were confident that they controlled Hitler
the consolidation of power
The Consolidation of Power
  • New elections ordered for March 1933
  • Reichstag Fire led to attack on Communists
  • Alliance with Nationalists gave Hitler majority
  • Enabling Act passed
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