The weimar republic 1919 1933
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The Weimar Republic 1919-1933. Why did it fail?. Nmg 05. Early Problems. 1918 Germany loses the War – the Kaiser abdicates January 1919 Spartacist Revolt Treaty of Versailles 1920 Kapp Putsch. Political & Economic Problems. Reparations announced Uprisings, strikes, murders across Germany

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The Weimar Republic 1919-1933

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The weimar republic 1919 1933

The Weimar Republic 1919-1933

Why did it fail?

Nmg 05


Early problems

Early Problems

  • 1918 Germany loses the War – the Kaiser abdicates

  • January 1919 Spartacist Revolt

  • Treaty of Versailles

  • 1920 Kapp Putsch


Political economic problems

Political & Economic Problems

  • Reparations announced

  • Uprisings, strikes, murders across Germany

  • French invade Ruhr, 1923

  • German economy collapses

  • Beer Hall Putsch


The golden years 1924 9

The Golden Years 1924-9

  • Success under Stresemann

  • American loans – Dawes & Young Plans

  • Period of expansion – new factories etc


Wall street crash

Wall Street Crash !

  • Wall Street collapse triggered the Great Depression

  • German economy affected immediately

  • Coalition governments unable to cope

  • Unemployment soared


Election results

Election results

  • Nazis and Communists did well

  • July 1932 saw Nazis the largest party in the Reichstag

  • Parties like the Social Democrats relying on middle class support suffered


Hitler helped into power

Hitler helped into power

  • Fears of communist success led to support for Nazis from big business

  • Army warned Hindenburg of possible civil war

  • November 1932 saw fall in Nazi support!


Hitler becomes chancellor

Hitler becomes Chancellor

  • Negotiations behind the scenes saw Hitler appointed Chancellor in January 1933

  • von Papen and Army leaders were confident that they controlled Hitler


The consolidation of power

The Consolidation of Power

  • New elections ordered for March 1933

  • Reichstag Fire led to attack on Communists

  • Alliance with Nationalists gave Hitler majority

  • Enabling Act passed


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