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Dinners. L O O K I N G. WHERE THE. L I G H T. with the. Reader. The Psychology of Happiness. #2. IS GOOD. www.theseymourreader.com. Ed Diener. Martin Seligman. Scientists can measure people’s happiness. We finally can do it. Happiness is the goal of public policy.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Dinners

L

O

O

K

I

N

G

WHERE

THE

L

I

G

H

T

with the

Reader

The

Psychology

of Happiness

#2

IS

GOOD

www.theseymourreader.com

slide2

Ed Diener

Martin Seligman

slide3

Scientists can measure people’s happiness.

We finally can do it

Happiness is the goal of public policy.

We’ve always meant to do it

Therefore, happiness should be a primary policy focus.

So let’s do it!

slide4

The big idea

Unified, comprehensive science of happiness

Policies to increase public happiness

slide5

The Philosophy

of Happiness

Scientists can measure people’s happiness.

Happiness is the goal of public policy.

Therefore, happiness should be a primary policy focus.

slide6

The Economics

of Happiness

16 April

Scientists can measure people’s happiness.

Happiness is the goal of public policy.

Therefore, happiness should be a primary policy focus.

slide7

The Psychology

of Happiness

Scientists can measure people’s happiness.

Happiness is the goal of public policy.

Therefore, happiness should be a primary policy focus.

slide8

L

O

O

K

I

N

G

WHERE

THE

L

I

G

H

T

The Psychology

of Happiness

IS

GOOD

slide9

The Psychology

of Happiness

Limits of measurement

Scientists can measure people’s happiness.

Limits of scientific objectivity

Limits of democratic neutrality

slide10

Unified, comprehensive science of happiness

Limits of measurement

These limitscompromise this goal

Limits of scientific objectivity

Limits of democratic neutrality

slide12

Subjective Well-Being (SWB)

Scientists can measure people’s happiness.

slide13

Subjective Well-Being (SWB)

PLEASURE

SATISFACTION

slide14

Subjective Well-Being (SWB)

PLEASURE

Daniel Kahneman

slide15

Choose Your Colonoscopy!

INTENSITY

Daniel Kahneman

INTENSITY

DURATION

DURATION

slide16

Choose Your Colonoscopy!

#1

INTENSITY

#2

INTENSITY

DURATION

DURATION

slide17

Choose Your Colonoscopy!

Less momentary pain

#1

INTENSITY

#2

INTENSITY

DURATION

More highly rated

DURATION

slide19

Choose Your Colonoscopy!

The experiencing self

#1

INTENSITY

#2

INTENSITY

DURATION

DURATION

slide20

Choose Your Colonoscopy!

The experiencing self

#1

INTENSITY

#2

INTENSITY

DURATION

The remembering self

DURATION

slide21

The experiencing self

DESIRE TO STOP

DURATION

slide22

The experiencing self

DESIRE TO STOP

DURATION

slide23

The experiencing self

DESIRE TO STOP

“Objective Unhappiness”

DURATION

slide24

The experiencing self

DESIRE TO CONTINUE

“Objective Happiness”

DURATION

slide25

The remembering self

Peak-End Rule

DESIRE TO STOP

DURATION

slide26

The remembering self

DESIRE TO STOP

“Subjective Unhappiness”

DURATION

slide27

The remembering self

DESIRE TO CONTINUE

“Subjective Happiness”

DURATION

slide28

Choose Your Colonoscopy!

The experiencing self

INTENSITY

INTENSITY

DURATION

The remembering self

DURATION

slide29

Choose Your Colonoscopy!

The experiencing self

Lower Objective Unhappiness

INTENSITY

Lower Subjective Unhappiness

INTENSITY

DURATION

The remembering self

DURATION

slide30

Choose Your Colonoscopy!

The experiencing self

AREA!

Lower Objective Unhappiness

INTENSITY

Lower Subjective Unhappiness

INTENSITY

DURATION

The remembering self

SHAPE!

DURATION

slide31

The experiencing self

The remembering self

slide32

The experiencing self

WHAT HAPPINESS REALLY IS

“Objective Happiness Theory”

slide33

The Area Under the Curve

DESIRE TO CONTINUE

DURATION

“Objective Happiness Theory”

slide35

Subjective Well-Being (SWB)

Scientists can measure people’s happiness.

ADD

Jeremy Bentham

ADD

slide36

Subjective Well-Being (SWB)

PLEASURE

Daniel Kahneman

slide37

Subjective Well-Being (SWB)

SATISFACTION

Ed Diener

slide38

States of Mind:

Subjective Well-Being (SWB)

Domain satisfaction

Global satisfaction

Positive emotion

Positive mood

SATISFACTION

Ed Diener

experience sampling method
Experience-Sampling Method

How happy are you?

How intense are your positive emotional experiences?

How frequent are your positive emotional experiences?

Greater correlation with global measures

slide40

Frequency is #1

INTENSITY

DURATION

slide41

States of Mind:

Subjective Well-Being (SWB)

Domain satisfaction

Global satisfaction

Positive emotion

Positive mood

SATISFACTION

Ed Diener

slide42

The Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)

____ In most ways my life is close

to my ideal

____ The conditions of my life are

excellent.

____ I am satisfied with my life.

____ So far I have gotten the

important things I want in life.

____ If I could live my life over, I

would change almost nothing.

  • 7 - Strongly agree
  • 6 - Agree
  • 5 - Slightly agree
  • 4 - Neither agree nor disagree
  • 3 - Slightly disagree
  • 2 - Disagree
  • 1 - Strongly disagree
slide43

Limits of measurement

Limits of scientific objectivity

Limits of democratic neutrality

slide44

Limits of measurement

What happens when you ask people how happy they are?

Fritz Strack

Norbert Schwarz

taking all things together how happy would you say you are these days
Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are these days?

Context-independent

JUDGMENT

Very happy

Pretty happy

Not too happy

Context-independent

REPORT

taking all things together how happy would you say you are these days1
Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are these days?

Very happy

Pretty happy

Not too happy

How “should” I answer?

To whom do I answer?

Who is visible when I answer?

Context-independent

REPORT

taking all things together how happy would you say you are these days2
Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are these days?

Context-independent

JUDGMENT

Very happy

Pretty happy

Not too happy

Default: current mood

taking all things together how happy would you say you are these days3
Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are these days?

Context-independent

JUDGMENT

Very happy

Pretty happy

Not too happy

Default: current mood

Life items compared

slide50

Life “these days” …

… or outside?

… does this fall inside

taking all things together how happy would you say you are these days4
Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are these days?

Context-independent

JUDGMENT

Very happy

Pretty happy

Not too happy

Default: current mood

Life items compared

Survey factors

slide52

How many dates have you had recently?

How happy are you these days?

  • How happy are you these days?
  • How many dates have you had recently?
taking all things together how happy would you say you are these days5
Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are these days?

Very happy

Pretty happy

Not too happy

Why is this so hard?

taking all things together how happy would you say you are these days6
Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are these days?

My hypothesis

Very happy

Pretty happy

Not too happy

slide55

The Very Earnest

Often =

current mood + survey design + reporting norms

Of Very Serious Things

Happiness

Some other thing

slide57

Limits of measurement

Subjective Well-Being (SWB)

ADD

ADD

slide59

Limits of measurement

Limits of scientific objectivity

Limits of democratic neutrality

slide60

Unified, comprehensive science of happiness

Policies to increase public happiness

slide61

Unification within measures

Unified, comprehensive science of happiness

Unification between measures

slide62

Unification within measures

The Affect

Balance Scale

slide63

The Affect

Balance Scale

slide64

The Affect

Balance Scale

satisfaction with life scale

Combination

Commensurability

Satisfaction With Life Scale

The Scores

The Questions

Score from 5 to 35

____ In most ways my life is close to my ideal.

____ The conditions of my life are excellent.

____ I am satisfied with my life.

____ So far I have gotten the important things I want in life.

____ If I could live my life over, I would change almost nothing.

  • 7 - Strongly agree
  • 6 - Agree
  • 5 - Slightly agree
  • 4 - Neither agree nor disagree
  • 3 - Slightly disagree
  • 2 - Disagree
  • 1 - Strongly disagree
slide68

Combination

Unification within measures

Commensurability

multi-dimensional

Satisfaction

Positive Affect

multi-dimensional

slide69

Combination

Unification within measures

Commensurability

multi-dimensional

Satisfaction

Engagement

Unification between measures

Positive Affect

Pleasure

slide70

Combination

Unification within measures

Commensurability

These issues will be different for different people …

Unification between measures

… because different people have different values.

slide71

Combination

Unification within measures

Commensurability

Unification is value-laden.

It is not strictly technical.

Unification between measures

slide72

Combination

Commensurability

Martin Seligman

Ed Diener

slide73

Combination

Commensurability

Martin Seligman

Ed Diener

Seen as technicalissues.

slide74

Unified, comprehensive science of happiness

Policies to increase public happiness

slide75

Unified, comprehensive science of happiness

Limits of scientific objectivity

slide76

Limits of democratic neutrality

Policies to increase public happiness

slide79

Happiness is a state of mind

I am as happy as I think I am

Content

Criterion

slide80

Happiness is a state of mind

I am as happy as I think I am

Content

Criterion

Limits of democratic neutrality

slide81

Happiness is a state of mind

I am as happy as I think I am

Content

Criterion

Limits of democratic neutrality

No

Yes

These issues will be different for different people …

No

Yes

… because different people have different values.

slide82

Happiness is a state of mind

I am as happy as I think I am

Content

Criterion

Limits of democratic neutrality

No

Yes

SWB is value-laden.

No

Yes

SWB is not strictly neutral.

slide83

Unified, comprehensive science of happiness

Policies to increase public happiness

slide84

These limitscompromise this goal

Unified, comprehensive science of happiness

Limits of measurement

Limits of scientific objectivity

Limits of democratic neutrality

slide85

Dinners

L

O

O

K

I

N

G

WHERE

THE

L

I

G

H

T

with the

Reader

The

Psychology

of Happiness

#2

IS

GOOD

www.theseymourreader.com

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