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College English Unit 3, Book 2. Writing Paragraph Coherence (1) Transitions. Pre-tasks Discussing the following questions before class in your own groups. During tasks Give the answers to all discussing questions . Finish the following exercises . Post tasks

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college english unit 3 book 2

College EnglishUnit 3, Book 2

Writing

Paragraph Coherence (1)

Transitions

slide2
Pre-tasks

Discussing the following questions before class in your

own groups.

  • During tasks
  • Give the answers to all discussing questions.
  • Finish the following exercises.
  • Post tasks

Write a letter applying a job that you are interested in.

Remember to include the four parts listed in Step One of Writing on page 84 of your text book in no less than 120 words. And try to use transitions when necessary.

slide3
During tasks
  • Give the answers to all discussing questions.
  • What signal words do you usually use if you want to keep your paragraph-idea following clearly and smoothly?
  • What will happen if you write your paragraph without transitional expressions?
  • Where should you put the transitions in a paragraph?
  • What transitions should you use if you want to show the meaning of adding or intensifying? List such transitions you know.
slide4
What way should you use if you want to compare or contrast sth. ? List such transitions you know.
  • What way should you use if you want to show the time and sequence relationship? List such transitions you know.
  • What way should you use if you want to show space relationship? List such transitions you know.
  • What way should you use if you want to show the meaning of limiting or preparing for an example? List such transitions you know.
slide5
What way should you use if you want to show the cause and result? List such transitions you know.
  • What way should you use if you want to assert obvious truth or grant opposition? List such transitions you know.
  • What way should you use if you want to sum up? List such transitions you know.
slide6
What signal words do you usually use if you want to keep your paragraph-idea following clearly and smoothly?

We should use some transitions(过度性的词语).

  • What will happen if you write your paragraph without transitional expressions?

The transition is rough if we don’t use the transitions. But if we use them, the transition is smooth and the readers can follow the thread of our thoughts.

slide7

Where should you put the transitions in a paragraph?

Transitions are frequently used at the beginning of a sentence to link that sentence to the one that precedes it, but they are also used within a sentence, especially one that is a bit long or complicated. There are a number of ways transitions relate sentences or ideas. The following(过度性词语常用于句首,以便和前面的句子相联接,但也可用于句中,尤其适用于较长的复杂的句中。过渡性词语能以多种方式沟通或建立前后句子间意义上的联系).

slide8
What transitions should you use if you want to show the meaning of adding or intensifying? List such transitions you know.

Transitions that add or intensify(表示进一步说明或强调的过渡性词语).

and further to repeat too

also furthermore in particular indeed

besides in addition moreover in fact

in other way to put it another way

slide9
What way should you use if you want to compare or contrast sth.? List such transitions you know.

Transitions that compare or contrast(表示比较或对

比的过渡性词语).

similarly unlike regardless instead like

on the other hand in spite of rather than despite

on the contrary however but nevertheless

by comparison though although still

at the same time as yet otherwise whereas

in contrast to this as well as in the same way

slide10
What way should you use if you want to show the time and sequence relationship? List such transitions you know.

Transitions that show the time and sequence

relationship(表示时间和顺序的过渡性词语).

before now earlier at first next at last

after that after so much time then just then

in time until until now soon the next day

while later following meanwhile finally

from then on eventually ever since still

slide11
What way should you use if you want to show space relationship? List such transitions you know.

Transitions that show space relationship (表示空间关系的过渡性词语).

beside between beyond across over at

from to into outside inside here

to the left in the middle next to nearby

opposite to on the opposite side

slide12
What way should you use if you want to show the meaning of limiting or preparing for an example? List such transitions you know.

Transitions that limit or prepare for an example (表示限定意义或引出例子的过渡性词语).

that is for one thing(首先,一则) namely

for example for instance to illustrate

such as

slide13
What way should you use if you want to show the cause and result? List such transitions you know.

Transitions that show the cause and result (表示因果关系的过渡性词语).

because thus so so that as as a result

for since therefore consequently

for this reason for that reason

slide14
What way should you use if you want to assert obvious truth or grant opposition? List such transitions you know.

Transitions that assert obvious truth or grant opposition(肯定情况属实的过渡性词语).

no doubt of course in fact doubtless

naturally undoubtedly surely certainly

without a doubt

slide15
11.What way should you use if you want to sum up? List such transitions you know.

Transitions that sum up (表示结论和概括意义的过渡性词语).

to conclude in summary to sum up

in short in brief on the whole

in conclusion

slide16
2.Finish the following exercises.

Directions: Complete the following piece of writing by

choosing transitions to fill in the blanks.

Mary likes travelling by bus better than travelling by air-

plane for four reason. (1), it costs less. She can ride

by bus from New York to Chicago for $20. (2)____, the air

fare between the two cities is $78. (3)____, travelling by

bus gives her a closer look at the cities and countryside

than she could get from a plane. (4),she enjoys

driving through the big cities of Philadelphia, Pittsburgh,

And Fort Wayne. (5)____, Mary finds that the passengers

on the bus are often closer to her own age.(6)__,they

are easy to talk with on the shared travel adventure.(7)___,

slide17
many airline passengers are businessmen who keep

busy with their work while flying.(8), riding a

bus allows Mary to explore any stop along the way.

(9) , once she got off the bus at a small town in

Indiana and spent the night with a girl friend. (11)__,

Mary usually prefers buses instead of plane unless

she has to get somewhere in a hurry.

  • a) Thus b) First c) In fact
  • a) And b) So c) Yet
  • a) Nor b) But c) Second
  • a) Still b) Next c) For example
slide18
5) a) Third b) Now c) Instead

6) a) Similarly b) Instead c) So

7) a) In contrast b) Finally c) Otherwise

8) a) Therefore b) Fourth c) Accordingly

9) a) On the other hand b) Moreover

c) For instant

10) a) So b) Then c) Yet

11) a) For these reasons b) At last c) Now

slide19
The Key :

1) b 2) c 3) c 4) c 5) a 6)c

7) a 8) b 9) c 10) b 11) a

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