College English Unit 3, Book 2. Writing Paragraph Coherence (1) Transitions. Pre-tasks Discussing the following questions before class in your own groups. During tasks Give the answers to all discussing questions . Finish the following exercises . Post tasks
Paragraph Coherence (1)
Discussing the following questions before class in your
Write a letter applying a job that you are interested in.
Remember to include the four parts listed in Step One of Writing on page 84 of your text book in no less than 120 words. And try to use transitions when necessary.
We should use some transitions(过度性的词语).
The transition is rough if we don’t use the transitions. But if we use them, the transition is smooth and the readers can follow the thread of our thoughts.
Where should you put the transitions in a paragraph? your paragraph-idea following clearly and smoothly?
Transitions are frequently used at the beginning of a sentence to link that sentence to the one that precedes it, but they are also used within a sentence, especially one that is a bit long or complicated. There are a number of ways transitions relate sentences or ideas. The following(过度性词语常用于句首，以便和前面的句子相联接，但也可用于句中，尤其适用于较长的复杂的句中。过渡性词语能以多种方式沟通或建立前后句子间意义上的联系).
Transitions that add or intensify(表示进一步说明或强调的过渡性词语).
and further to repeat too
also furthermore in particular indeed
besides in addition moreover in fact
in other way to put it another way
Transitions that compare or contrast(表示比较或对
similarly unlike regardless instead like
on the other hand in spite of rather than despite
on the contrary however but nevertheless
by comparison though although still
at the same time as yet otherwise whereas
in contrast to this as well as in the same way
Transitions that show the time and sequence
before now earlier at first next at last
after that after so much time then just then
in time until until now soon the next day
while later following meanwhile finally
from then on eventually ever since still
Transitions that show space relationship (表示空间关系的过渡性词语).
beside between beyond across over at
from to into outside inside here
to the left in the middle next to nearby
opposite to on the opposite side
Transitions that limit or prepare for an example (表示限定意义或引出例子的过渡性词语).
that is for one thing(首先,一则) namely
for example for instance to illustrate
Transitions that show the cause and result (表示因果关系的过渡性词语).
because thus so so that as as a result
for since therefore consequently
for this reason for that reason
Transitions that assert obvious truth or grant opposition(肯定情况属实的过渡性词语).
no doubt of course in fact doubtless
naturally undoubtedly surely certainly
without a doubt
11.What way should you use if you want to sum up? List such transitions you know.
Transitions that sum up (表示结论和概括意义的过渡性词语).
to conclude in summary to sum up
in short in brief on the whole
2. transitions you know.Finish the following exercises.
Directions: Complete the following piece of writing by
choosing transitions to fill in the blanks.
Mary likes travelling by bus better than travelling by air-
plane for four reason. (1), it costs less. She can ride
by bus from New York to Chicago for $20. (2)____, the air
fare between the two cities is $78. (3)____, travelling by
bus gives her a closer look at the cities and countryside
than she could get from a plane. (4)，she enjoys
driving through the big cities of Philadelphia, Pittsburgh,
And Fort Wayne. (5)____, Mary finds that the passengers
on the bus are often closer to her own age.(6)＿＿，they
are easy to talk with on the shared travel adventure.(7)___,
many airline passengers are businessmen who keep transitions you know.
busy with their work while flying.(8), riding a
bus allows Mary to explore any stop along the way.
(9) , once she got off the bus at a small town in
Indiana and spent the night with a girl friend. (11)__,
Mary usually prefers buses instead of plane unless
she has to get somewhere in a hurry.
5) a) Third b) Now c) Instead transitions you know.
6) a) Similarly b) Instead c) So
7) a) In contrast b) Finally c) Otherwise
8) a) Therefore b) Fourth c) Accordingly
9) a) On the other hand b) Moreover
c) For instant
10) a) So b) Then c) Yet
11) a) For these reasons b) At last c) Now
The Key transitions you know.：
1) b 2) c 3) c 4) c 5) a 6)c
7) a 8) b 9) c 10) b 11) a