1 learning depends on integration of brain structures
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1. Learning Depends on Integration of Brain Structures. The human brain is a wet mass of nerve tissue. The brain has three parts Forebrain (cerebrum and diencephalon) Mid brain (top of the brain stem) Hindbrain (formed by cerebellum and part of brain stem.).

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1 learning depends on integration of brain structures
1. Learning Depends on Integration of Brain Structures

  • The human brain is a wet mass of nerve tissue.

  • The brain has three parts

    • Forebrain (cerebrum and diencephalon)

    • Mid brain (top of the brain stem)

    • Hindbrain (formed by cerebellum and part of brain stem.)


1 learning depends on integration of brain structures1
1.Learning Depends on Integration of Brain Structures

  • Midbrain

    • Critical to learning

    • Governs reflex muscle activity such as adjusting

    • Deep inside the brain stem is reticular formation which controls consciousness, alerts of danger, etc.

    • Reticular formation is significant in attention and learning.


1 learning depends on integration of brain structures2
1.Learning Depends on Integration of Brain Structures

  • Hindbrain

    • Made up largely of the cerebellum.

    • Important for coordination and balance

    • Cerebellum examines sensory in formation from the muscles to do this job.


1 learning depends on integration of brain structures3
1.Learning Depends on Integration of Brain Structures

  • Forebrain

    • Central core of the brain or diencephalon.

    • Connects the left and right hemispheres.


Forebrain s parts

Cerebral cortex

Neurons

Cerebrum

Corpus Callosum

Right Cerebral hemishpere

Left Cerebral hemisphere

Diencephalon

Thalamus

Hypothalamus

Cebral Cortex

Frontal Lobes

Parietal Lobes

Occipital Lobes

Temporal Lobes

Forebrain’s Parts


1 learning depends on integration of brain structures4
1.Learning Depends on Integration of Brain Structures

  • Cerebral Dominance and Language

    • Left hemisphere

      • For 90% of the population the left is superior at producing concepts and language.

      • Control the acts of speaking and writing and recent verbal memory.

      • Production of speech sounds and listening ability.

      • Verbal memories


1 learning depends on integration of brain structures5
1.Learning Depends on Integration of Brain Structures

  • Right hemisphere

    • Processes information that is treated as a unified whole, such as the perceptionof faces and the other three-dimensional objects.

    • Emotional memories


1 learning depends on integration of brain structures6
1.Learning Depends on Integration of Brain Structures

  • Cerebral Specialization and Learning

    • The earlier and the more often both hemispheres are activated by use, the more dendrite connections form, extend across the corpus callosum, and myelin.

    • Myelin is a fatty white sheath that instulates each neuron and facilitates fast, smooth processing.

    • The more myelin, the faster the processing between both hemispheres and the rest of the brain.

    • Tiger Wood’s example (pg. 12)

    • The sooner children learn to coordinate the left-to-right movement of their eyes to follow the the words on a page while listening to stories and attempt to write their names, the earlier they while learn to read.


2 neural development is continuous
2.Neural Development is Continuous

  • Human beings have unlimited potential for learning that continues through old age.

  • Neurons

    • The functioning core of the brain and the entire central nervous system.

    • Each neuron has one axon and as many as 100,000 dendrites.

    • Dendrites receive electrical impulses from other neuron and transmit them along a long fiber called an axon.


2 neural development is continuous cont
2.Neural Development is Continuous (Cont.)

  • Dendrites are the main way by which neurons get information (learn).

  • Dendrites receive electrical impulses from other neurons and transmit them along a long fiber called an axon.

  • In the synaptic gap, and electrical signal is briefly transmitted into a chemical called a neurotransmitter.

    • Dopamine and serotonin


2 neural development is continuous cont1
2.Neural Development is Continuous (Cont.)

  • Anotomical and Physiological Symmetries

    • Flexible at birth until the first few years of life

    • In the first two years of life, if the left hemisphere is tramatized, the functional language ability is reestablished in the right hemisphere.


3 perception forms the brain s structure
3. Perception forms the brain’s structure

  • Perception Defined – How our brains perceive, receive, and interpret information impacts how the assemblies of neurons organize and connect to build our brains.

  • Developing a Category System

  • Perception and Expectation

  • Visual Expectation


4 sensory experience builds our brain
4. Sensory Experience Builds Our Brain

  • Nerve networks are made up of our unique sensory experiences lay down intricate patterns and maps that govern how an individual’s brain develops and functions.

  • The richer our sensory environment and the more opportunity individuals have to explore and become actively involved with it, the more intricate the patterns for learning, thought, and creativity become.

  • The latest infant research reveals that the breain is profoundly flexible, sensitie, and plastic and deeply dependent on and influenced by events in the environment.


5 the brain is organized into functional systems
5. The Brain is Organized into Functional Systems

  • Mental tasks are performed not by a single area of the brain but by the operation of many functional units, each of which is located in a specific part of the brain.

  • Luria – Three functional units for each brain activity

  • Unit I

  • Unit II

  • Unit III


The brain is a pattern synthesizer
The Brain is a Pattern Synthesizer

  • The brain’s neural network categorizes stimuli into groups that form patterns and responds to patterns that have been established by past experiences.


7 neural plasticity of the brain
7. Neural Plasticity of the Brain

  • Neural plasticity allows the brain to constantly learn and relearn.


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