The consequences of ww2
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the consequences of WW2. Human cost. 40 millions dead in Europe Two-third were civilians One-fifith of Poland’s population died 20 million people displaced. Economic cost. WW1 fighting took place mostly on the Western Front while during WW2 entire Europe was involved.

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Human cost
Human cost

  • 40 millions dead in Europe

  • Two-third were civilians

  • One-fifith of Poland’s population died

  • 20 million people displaced


Economic cost
Economic cost

  • WW1 fighting took place mostly on the Western Front while during WW2 entire Europe was involved.

  • Aerial bombing destroyed many cities

  • Transport and communication disrupted

  • Industry destroyed

  • Farmland ruined

  • Food production fell to half

  • 150 million people dependent on relief food distribution

  • Britain was bankrupted

  • Soviet economy badly effected-25 millions homeless


Political consequences
Political consequences

  • Poland saw its border shifted westwards- lost 179,000 sq.km in the east and gained 104,000 sq.km from German territories

  • Yalta Conference- decided Poland’s boundaries

  • Germany to be dicided into four zones

  • Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria and Czechoslovakia one party regime under Stalin’s control.


Effects of war on international relations
Effects of war on international relations

  • Change in the balance of power.

  • USSR and USA emerged as super powers


Reasons military
Reasonsmilitary

  • USA had acquired the largest air force in the world, 12 million men in the armed forces, more naval vessels and the atomic bomb

  • USSR had acquired the largest land army in the world to defeat Germany

  • France and Britain’s inability to defeat Germany placed them second in rank

  • USSR lacked strong military neighbours thus making it a regional power


Reasons economic
Reasonseconomic

  • USA’s economy was strengthened by the war. It was able to out-produce all the other powers

  • USA was committed to more ‘open’ trade.

  • Small Eastern European countries needed support of a stronger neighbour which was provided by USSR


Impact of the superpowers
Impact of the superpowers

  • The map of europe after 1945 was determined by the growing conflict between USSR and USA with a clear dicvide between Eastern and Western Europe

  • USA- end of isolationism, beginning of a dominant role in world affairs

  • Cold War


Eastern europe
Eastern Europe

  • 1944-48 Stalin established control over Hungary, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, romania and Poland which involved

  • i. establishment of one-party rule

  • ii. Nationalization of private enterprise

  • Iii. Five- Year Plans- encouraged collective farming

  • Each satellite state had to produce what USSR needed- eg Poland produced coal



Western europe
Western Europe

  • Followed democracy

  • Commitment by USA- the Truman Doctrine, Marshall Aid

  • Establishment of NATO


Impact on asia
Impact on asia

  • China lost 12 million people

  • Japan lost 2 million people


Japan
Japan

  • Eliminated as amajor power

  • Occupied by the Americans under General Douglas macArthur

  • Japan was made a democracy

  • Military and secret police forces were dissolved

  • The emperor remained to maintain political stability


The treaty of san francisco
The treaty of san francisco

  • Signed in 1951- japan to

  • 1. renounce all claims to Taiwan, Sakhalin and the Kuriles

  • 2. hand over the Pacific Island of Micronesia to UN

  • 3. hand over the Ryuku and Bonin Islands to USA

  • 4. accepted the judgements of the international military Tribunal for the Far East

  • 4. Guidelines for reparation and compensation to prisoners of war, renounced future military aggression, nullified prior treaties



China
china

  • Fighting continued between the nationalist forces of Jiang jieshi and the communist forces of Mao Zedong

  • Conflict led to the victory of Mao in 1949 and the establishment of a communist China


Decolonisation the decline of european influence in asia
Decolonisation: the decline of european influence in asia

  • Weakness of Britain and France found it increasingly difficult to hold on to their empires in Asia and Africa

  • Nationalist Movements grew

  • USA and the UN condemned imperialism

  • Indonesia got independence from Dutch, Vietnam from the French, India, Burma and Ceylon from the british

  • USA and USSR sought to increase their sphere of influence in this area- Cold War


Other effects
Other effects

  • War Tribunals established

  • The united nations

  • The Arms Race


Assignment
Assignment

  • What was the impact of World War II on the following:

  • The popularity and spread of communism?

  • The defeated powers- Germany and Japan?

  • What was the impact of WWI and WWII on the roles and status of women?


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