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Hans von Storch [email protected] http://coast.gkss.de/staff/storch Institute for Coastal Research, GKSS Research Center and KlimaCampus, U of Hamburg, Germany. coastDat: Ongoing and expected regional climate change: wind, surge and wave conditions in the North Sea. What is coastDat?.

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Hans von Storch [email protected]://coast.gkss.de/staff/storch

Institute for Coastal Research, GKSS Research Center

and KlimaCampus, U of Hamburg, Germany

coastDat: Ongoing and expected regional climate change: wind, surge and wave conditions in the North Sea


What is coastDat?

A set of model data of recent, ongoing and possible future coastal climate(hindcasts 1948-2008, reconstructions and scenarios for the future, e.g., 2070-2100)

Based on experiences and activities in a number of national andinternational projects (e.g. WASA, HIPOCAS, STOWASUS, PRUDENCE)

Presently contains atmospheric and oceanographic parameter(e.g. near-surface winds, pressure, temperature and humidity; upper air meteorological data such as geopotential height, cloud cover, temperature and humidity; oceanographic datasuch as sea states (wave heights, periods, directions, spectra) or water levels (tides and surges) and depth averaged currents, ocean temperatures)

Covers different geographical regions(presently mainly the North Sea and parts of the Northeast Atlantic; other areas such as the Baltic Sea, subarctic regions or E-Asia are to be included)

http://www.coastdat.de, contact: Ralf Weisse ([email protected])



Wind speed [m/s]

Wind direction [degrees]

Sig. wave height [m]

Mean wave direction [degrees]

Wind and Waves at K13

Observations – black; Hindcast - green

(Weisse and Günther. 2007)


Stormcount 1958-2001

C/year

t > 

t < 


Changing significant wave height, 1958-2002

waves

50,75, 90, 95, 99 and 99.9%iles of significant wave heights (m) and linear trends

wind


Storm surges-scenarios for 2085

A2 -changes in 99 % - iles of wind speed (6 hourly, DJF): west wind sector selected (247.5 to 292o)

HIRHAM

RCAO

  • Increase of strong wind speeds (seasonal 99%iles; westerly winds) until 2070-2100 as compared to 1960-1990.

  • of the order of 10%

  • thus, per decade less than 1-2%

  •  change should not be detectable at this time.

Woth, 2005, GRL


Local storm surge rise - scenarios for 2030, 2085 incuding sea level rise (IPCC AR4)

Only the effect of changing weather conditions is considered, not the effect of water works such as dredging the shipping channel.


Annual 99%ile sea level rise (IPCC AR4)significant wave height

Climate Change Signals [m]2071-2100 ./. 1961-1990

(Grabemann and Weisse 2008)

RCAO/HAD RCAO/ECH

A2

B2

Max. Change 2071-2100

+5-10% relative to present

~+1%/decade if linear increase assumed

Present Day 99%ile

(IPCC, 2001)


More than 30 national & international clients/users sea level rise (IPCC AR4)

Industry, Administration, Authorities, Research

Applications – marine-meteo issues


Some applications of coastDat sea level rise (IPCC AR4)(as of February 2009)

- Ship design

  • Problem:

  • . RoRo liners operating on fixed routes . Operation time critical

  • Idea: . Optimization of velocity profile taking environmental conditions into account (e.g. water depth, wave height, wave angle)

  • Example:

  • . 200 m RoRo liner Zeebrügge-Immingham . Compared to conventional approach delayed in 7% of time; only in 0.5% more than 30 min . Reduced operation costs (200 TEUR/year due to reduced fuel consumption)

Source: Flensburger Schiffbau Gesellschaft


Some applications of coastDat sea level rise (IPCC AR4)(as of February 2009)

- Ship design II

  • Problem:

  • . Motion of ship depends on several environmentally based design parameters . Need to improve sea keeping behavior . Different options may exist (e.g. roll stabilization tanks, active fin stabilizers)

  • Idea: . Different costs and different efficiencies for the different options . Use coastDat to estimate statistics of e.g. weather downtime with and without fin stabilizers . decision support for the ship operator on whether the improvement of the sea-keeping behavior is worth the investment into a roll stabilization system

Source: Flensburger Schiffbau Gesellschaft


Some applications of coastDat sea level rise (IPCC AR4)(as of February 2009)

  • Ship design

  • Navigational safety

2.5 m

  • Background: . EU safety regulations for RoRo passenger vessels

  • Criteria: . Sig. wave height of 1.5, 2.5, 4.0 m exceeded in less than 10% of time (according to ship specifications) . Distance to next harbor

2.0 m

1.5 m

(Source: BSH)


Some applications of coastDat sea level rise (IPCC AR4)(as of February 2009)

  • Ship design

  • Navigational safety

  • Offshore wind

  • Wind and sea state statistics . Wind power availability . Design of structures . Design of entire system (ultimate and fatigue limit states) . Planning of installation . Planning of maintenance (weather windows)

(Source: BSH)


Some applications of coastDat sea level rise (IPCC AR4)(as of February 2009)

  • Ship design

  • Navigational safety

  • Offshore wind- Oils spill risk

  • Hypothetical oil accidents . Any source region . Any target region of interest . Hypothetical accidents every hour over 50 years (sampling of large variety of different possible weather conditions)

  • Probability distributions . E.g. of travel times . May be combined with different accident probabilities, oil fighting strategies & sensitivities

Target Region

Hypothetical Source Region

(Source: U. Callies)


Some applications of coastDat sea level rise (IPCC AR4)(as of February 2009)

  • Ship design

  • Navigational safety

  • Offshore wind- Oils spill risk

  • Chronic Oil Pollution

(Source: A. Chrastansky)

. Usually from illegal oil dumping . Number of beached oil contaminated birds usually taken as indicator for trends in chronic oil pollution . Simulation with coastDat suggests that weather variability has to be accounted for in the interpretation


Some applications of coastDat sea level rise (IPCC AR4)(as of February 2009)

  • Ship design

  • Navigational safety

  • Offshore wind- Oils spill risk

  • Chronic Oil Pollution

  • Ocean Energy

Wave Energy Flux [kW/m]

. Ocean Energy Potential . Different Sources . Wave Energy Flux [kW/m] . Currents Power [W/m2] cross section

Currents Power [W/m2]

(Source: R. Weisse)


Weisse, R., H. von Storch, U. Callies, A. Chrastansky, F. Feser, I. Grabemann, H. Günther, A. Plüss, T. Stoye, J. Tellkamp, J. Winterfeldt and K. Woth, 2009:

Regional meteo-marine reanalyses and climate change projections: Results for Northern Europe and potentials for coastal and offshore applications.

Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 90: 849-860

(open access)


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