Chapters 15 16 17
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Chapters 15,16, & 17 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Chapters 15,16, & 17. American Government. The Federal Bureaucracy. The federal bureaucracy, part of the executive branch, carries out most of the day-to-day work of the Federal Government The Executive branch is composed of three groups of agencies: The Executive Office of the President

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Chapters 15,16, & 17

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Chapters 15 16 17

Chapters 15,16, & 17

American Government


The federal bureaucracy

The Federal Bureaucracy

  • The federal bureaucracy, part of the executive branch, carries out most of the day-to-day work of the Federal Government

  • The Executive branch is composed of three groups of agencies:

    • The Executive Office of the President

    • The 15 Cabinet Departments

    • Many Independent Agencies


Chapters 15 16 17

PRESIDENT

White House Office

Executive Office of the President

Department

of State

Cabinet Departments

Independent Agencies

Agency/Administration

Single administrator:

Near-Cabinet status

Commission

Regulates business activities:

Investigates or advises

Securities & Exchange Commission

CIA

Authority/Corporation

Board and manager;

Business-like activities

U.S. Postal Service


The executive office of the president

The Executive Office of the President

The Executive Office of the President includes both advisors and agencies that work closely with the President

The Executive Office of the President is an umbrella agency, some of the units are shown here.

White House Office

Council

of

Economic Advisors

Office of National Drug Control Policy

Office of Management and Budget

National Security

Council


Executive departments

Executive Departments


Executive departments1

Executive Departments


Executive departments2

Executive Departments


Independent agencies

Independent Agencies

  • A number of independent agencies work outside the framework of the executive branch

  • There are three types of independent agencies that carry out specific duties


Independent agencies1

Independent Agencies


Chapters 15 16 17

Taxes

The Constitution gives Congress broad power to set federal taxes, which today are collected mostly as income taxes

Progressive Tax – the more you make, the more you pay

Tax Return – forms filed showing how much money you owe the government

Payroll Taxes – money withheld from paychecks to send to the government: Social Security & Medicare

Regressive Taxes – rate is the same for everyone – Social Insurance taxes

Excise Tax – luxury tax

Estate Tax – paid on the assets of someone who died

Gift Tax – tax on gifts over $11,000 in one year

Custom Duty – tax on goods brought into the U.S. from another country


Nontax revenues and borrowing

Nontax Revenues and Borrowing

The United States has a huge public debt, created by borrowing when government spending exceeded its income.

In a year when the government spends more than it takes in, it must borrow money to make up the deficit.

Income

Spending


Spending the budget

Spending & the Budget

Creating the Federal Budget

  • The annual budget-making process is a joint effort of the President and both houses of Congress

  • The federal budget, the President’s yearly plan for conducting government, is a very important document

President, with help of Office of Management and Budget, creates the budget

President sends the budget to Congress

Congress gives budget to Budget and Appropriations Committees in each house

Congress approves final budget

Congress sends appropriations bills to the President to authorize spending for the coming year


Foreign affairs and national security

Foreign Affairs and National Security

President

  • Both the State Department and the Defense Department assist the President in carrying out foreign policy

  • In the U.S., the President makes and carries out foreign policy with the help of key departments

DEFENSE DEPARTMENT

Secretary of Defense

Joint Chiefs of Staff

Dept.Dept.Dept.

of the of theof the

NavyArmyAir Force

STATE DEPARTMENT

Secretary of State

Ambassadors


Other foreign defense agencies

Other Foreign & Defense Agencies

Several government agencies are closely involved with foreign and defense policy


Foreign defense alliances

Foreign & Defense Alliances

U.S. Foreign Policy

Participation in the United Nations

Regional security alliances

Foreign Aid

Money

Military assistance


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