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ANTE TODO Just as the subjunctive is required with expressions of emotion, influence, and will, it is also used with expressions of doubt, disbelief, and denial. Main clause Subordinate clause Dudan que su hijo les diga la verdad.

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ANTE TODO

  • Just as the subjunctive is required with expressions of emotion, influence, and will, it is also used with expressions of doubt, disbelief, and denial.

    Main clauseSubordinate clause

    Dudan que su hijo les diga la verdad.



Expressions of doubt, disbelief, or denial there is a change of subject and the expression in the main clause implies negation or uncertainty.


  • For example: there is a change of subject and the expression in the main clause implies negation or uncertainty.

    El gobierno niega que el agua esté contaminada.

    The government denies that the water is contaminated.

    Es probable que haya menos bosques y selvas en el futuro.

    It’s probable that there will be fewer forests and jungles in the future.

    Dudo que el gobierno resuelva el problema.

    I doubt that the government will solve the problem.

    No es verdad que mi hermano estudie ecología.

    It’s not true that my brother studies ecology.


Expressions of certainty


  • For example: no doubt or uncertainty in the main clause.

    No negamos que hay demasiados carros en las carreteras.

    We don’t deny that there are too many cars on the highways.

    No hay duda de que el Amazonas es uno de los ríos más largos.

    There is no doubt that the Amazon is one of the longest rivers.

    Es verdad que Colombia es un país bonito.

    It’s true that Colombia is a beautiful country.

    Es obvio que los tigres están en peligro de extinción.

    It’s obvious that tigers are in danger of extinction.


  • In affirmative sentences, the verb no doubt or uncertainty in the main clause. creer expresses belief or certainty, so it is followed by the indicative.

    • Creo que debemos usar exclusivamente la energía solar.

    • I believe we should use solar energy exclusively.

  • In negative sentences, however, when doubt is implied, creer is followed by the subjunctive.

    • No creo que haya vida en el planeta Marte.

    • I don’t believe that there is life on the planet Mars.


  • The expressions no doubt or uncertainty in the main clause. quizás and tal vez are usually followed by the subjunctive because they imply doubt about something.

    • Quizás haga sol mañana.

    • Perhaps it will be sunny tomorrow.

    • Tal vez veamos la luna esta noche.

    • Perhaps we will see the moon tonight.


¡INTÉNTALO! no doubt or uncertainty in the main clause. Completa estas frases con la forma correcta

del verbo.

  • Dudo que ellos ____ (trabajar).

  • Es cierto que él ____ (comer) mucho.

  • Es imposible que ellos ____ (salir).

    4. Es probable que ustedes ____ (ganar).

    5. No creo que ella ____ (volver).

    6. Es posible que nosotros ____ (ir).

    7. Dudamos que tú ____ (reciclar).

    8. Creo que ellos ____ (jugar) al fútbol.

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¡INTÉNTALO! no doubt or uncertainty in the main clause. Completa estas frases con la forma correcta

del verbo.

9. No niego que ustedes ____ (estudiar).

10. Es posible que ella no ____ (venir) a casa.

11. Es probable que ellos ____ (dormir).

12. Es posible que Marta ____ (llamar).

13. Tal vez Juan no nos ____ (oír).

14. No es cierto que ellos nos ____ (ayudar).

15. Es obvio que Luis ____ (aburrirse).

16. Creo que Juana ____ (ir) a casarse.

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