Types of Literary Criticism. Formalist/ Close Reading. Concentrate on how the words on the page produce meaning and disregard anything but the text itself as relevant to reading and interpretation.
the secrets of human nature,
the moral lessons literature
relative, this perspective is
culture of former colonies and the
consequences of imperial
(ex. England) expansion.
who proposed a model of history
in which economic and political
conditions determine social
stemming from the rise of capitalism.
1- The unconscious: the iceberg which
contains the hidden, repressed desire
of life can be released through
2- dreams: latent content is the real
desire; manifest content is the
remembered, reported dream- in
literature, the manifest is the plot; the latent is the true meaning of the author ( the unconscious) which the reader ( a psychoanalytic critic) can uncover.
3- Id ( pleasure principle) –ego-superego ( reality principle): sometimes characters can take these roles ( always symbolic).
4- Oedipal complex ( internalization of one’s father-manifests itself in guilt): can influence a character’s action; perhaps they can relate to thematic elements.
experiences, images with the
entire human race, resulting in
archetypes that affect how people
respond to life-when certain
images are in literature, they call up
one’s archetypal feelings.