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Towards Implementation of Library 2.0 & the e-Framework PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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A Library Domain Model for People to interact with Stuff in Higher Education Contexts within the global information environment. T. I. L. E. Mark van Harmelen. Paul Bacsich. Ian Chowcat. Phil Nicholls. David Kay. Ken Chad.

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Towards Implementation of Library 2.0 & the e-Framework

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Towards implementation of library 2 0 the e framework

A

Library Domain

Model

for People

to interact with Stuff

in Higher Education Contexts

within the global information environment

T

I

L

E

Mark van Harmelen

Paul Bacsich

Ian Chowcat

Phil Nicholls

David Kay

Ken Chad

Towards Implementation of Library 2.0 & the e-Framework


Why do it

Why do it?

  • Aim

    • [library] service development driven by [library] business goals.

  • Objective

    • A service framework is a tool for documenting a shared view of library services in changing environments; communicating it among libraries and others ...

    • A means of focusing attention and organizing discussion …

    • It does not supply the answers, but facilitates the process by which answers are sought, found, and applied.

  • Scope

    • the range of entities relevant to the articulation of library business goals … as well as the services that support these goals …

    • the framework will not provide an exhaustive description of all aspects of a library, but instead, concentrate on key areas of need. It will not re-invent libraries from the ground up.

      Brian Lavoie, Geneva Henry, Lorcan Dempsey, “A Service Framework for Libraries”, DLIB Magazine, 12 (7/8), July/August 2006


Domain scope statement business goal

Domain Scope StatementBusiness Goal

The library domain

is about …

People

interacting with Stuff

in (a variety of) Context(s)


Towards implementation of library 2 0 the e framework

Administration

Registry, Finance

Learning &

Teaching

Library

Domain

Research

Infrastructure

Storage, Services, Security


Towards implementation of library 2 0 the e framework

Above Business Requirements – Realms?

Corporation

Channel

Client

Domain Ecosystem?


Towards implementation of library 2 0 the e framework

Corporation – organisation involved in ‘back office’ administration of knowledge assets (e.g. originals, copies, licenses, metadata) and / or specific groups of clients (e.g. student records).

Corporations in the library domain include all Universities, some JISC Services, National Libraries and publishers.

Channel – a means of delivering knowledge assets to Clients, not necessarily restricted to the holdings or the client base of any particular Corporation.

Channels within this model range from local OPACs to national and ‘webscale’ services such as Amazon and Google Scholar.

Channel operators typically require their own corporate processes (e.g. a library managing its collection, an online book store managing its stock). However, there may be an increasing tendency towards channels relying on the corporate services of others and vice versa (e.g. a bookshop outsourcing some of its channel services to the Amazon marketplace).

Client - an individual accessing the broader information environment (not just libraries, VLEs and repositories but also the wider web world) in the context of an academically or learning motivated workflows.

Clients in the HE context include students, researchers, lecturers, librarians, business and community partners)


Towards implementation of library 2 0 the e framework

Realms & the Domain Ecosystem

Corporation

Specialist Content

Assets & Services

e.g. Collections,

Local Records, Rights

Channel

Specialist People

Relationships

e.g. University Course,

LLL Service

People interacting

with Stuff in Context

e.g. HE

Client

Consider … Amazon … Local Resource Discovery …


Towards implementation of library 2 0 the e framework

Network level

workflow

Google, …

Personal

Workflow

RSS,

toolbars, ..

Institutional

Workflow

Portals,

CMS, IR, …

Integrated

local user

environment?

Library web

presence

Resource

sharing, …

library

Consumer environments

Management environment

Bought

Licensed

Faculty&

students

Digitized

Aggregations

Resource sharing

Dempsey – October 2007


Process groups realms

Process Groups / Realms

Dempsey’s model involves a mesh of ‘management’ and ‘user’ processes, channelled (‘switched’) through the delivery, routing, resolution layer.

The TILE domain model develops this in to 3 distinct process groups (or ‘realms’):

  • Corporate processes

    • Performed by academic, public, commercial organisations

    • What ExLibris has called Source systems?

  • Channel processes

    • Performed by (potentially different) academic, public, commercial organisations

  • Client processes

    • Performed by students, researchers, librarians

    • What ExLibris has called Target systems?


Information services people prof fabio ciravegna university of sheffield

Information – Services – PeopleProf. Fabio Ciravegna (University of Sheffield)

  • People provide information

    • Which forms the basis for services

      • Which provide new information

        • To people and services

          C > B

          B > B

          B > C

This perspective does not assist

in distinguishing between

corporation and channel services


Model definition challenges

Model Definition Challenges

  • To what extent should the model account for client ‘business requirements’ that fall outside the library / institutional business case? (e.g. Peer networks)

  • Should other HE stuff and services (such as VLE content) be part of the library domain model?

  • Should the ‘actual’ tools of end users (e.g. Social networks) be taken into account alongside their ‘abstract’ business requirements, as shapers of workflows and learnflows?

  • Processes that address real requirements may involve internally and externally delivered activity, both on and off the ‘network’.


Scoping a domain model

Scoping a Domain Model

Business Requirement: : an identifiable segment of the overall mission, at a level that might be detailed in a library’s strategic plan; the apex of a high level domain model

  • Business Process: choices are potentially arbitrary but would most usefully inform a workflow or ‘learnflow’; the lowest level of a domain model

    • Business Function: part of a specification for developing the application, therefore part of an e-Framework SUM


Dlf service framework 2005

DLF Service Framework (2005)

Dempsey et al proposed a hierarchy consisting of

  • Business Requirement

    • Business Process

      • Business Function

        The report gave an OAIS example

  • Business Requirement: Long Term Preservation

    • Business Process: Ingest

      • Business Function: Receive Submission

        Here is a Library example

  • Business Requirement: Utilisation of Physical Collection

    • Business Process: Manage Circulation

      • Business Function: Validate patron status

        Selecting the starting level is crucial, as illustrated by this lower level variant

  • Business Requirement: Manage Circulation

    • Business Process: Validate patron status

      • Business Function: Banned?

        The DLF Service Framework recommended the higher level model where the business requirements are at a level that might be detailed in a library’s strategic plan


Realm requirement process decomposition examples

Realm > Requirement > ProcessDecomposition Examples

  • Corporate

    • Build Assets

      • select, acquire

    • Manage Assets

      • ingest, curate, monitor

    • Exploit Assets

      • describe, enhance, expose

    • etc

  • Channel

    • Access

      • register, find, locate, deliver

    • Add Value

      • recognise, advise, contextualise, store

  • Client

    • Consume

      • register, find, access, reference, store

    • Contribute

      • comment, enhance, share

Example

Realm

Corporate

> Requirement

> Manage Assets

>> Process

>> Ingest

>>> Function

>>> Barcode books


Towards implementation of library 2 0 the e framework

It is arguable that, defined in terms of

local library business scope, the library domain

falls largely within the ‘Corporation’ realm.

Consider these options …

Corporation

Channel

1. The Library domain:

Largely relating to

asset management

and exposure

(with the wider exception

of physical assets)?

Client

Library

Domain

Ecosystem


Towards implementation of library 2 0 the e framework

Narrower / Wider Definitions

Roles?

Corporation

Channel

1. The Library domain:

Largely relating to

asset management

and exposure

(with the wider exception

of physical assets)?

Client

2. The Library domain:

The processes required

for People to interact

with Stuff in HE Contexts?


Towards implementation of library 2 0 the e framework

Above Business Requirements

Corporation

Business or Collective

Intelligence

Channel

Client

Is collective intelligence

(e.g. attention & behaviour data)

a distinct high level element?

Domain Ecosystem v2


Towards implementation of library 2 0 the e framework

The Library Domain

& wider HE stuff & services

Example – a Recommender service

They fit the model but are they part of the domain?


Example mapping tile pain point sums creating context

Example mapping: TILE Pain Point SUMs‘Creating Context’


Example mapping tile pain point sums enabling contribution

Example mapping: TILE Pain Point SUMs‘Enabling Contribution’

MOSAIC

Making Our Shared Activity Intelligence Count

Working with Dundee, Falmouth, Huddersfield, Lincoln, Sussex, Swansea, Warwick, Wolverhampton


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