Chapter 6 voters and voter behavior
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CHAPTER 6 VOTERS AND VOTER BEHAVIOR. Ch. 6-1 The Right to Vote American Government. THE HISTORY OF VOTING RIGHTS. SUFFRAGE (aka FRANCHISE)—the right to vote EXPANSION OF THE ELECTORATE 1789-the right to vote was restricted to adult white male property owners

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CHAPTER 6 VOTERS AND VOTER BEHAVIOR

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Chapter 6 voters and voter behavior

CHAPTER 6 VOTERS AND VOTER BEHAVIOR

Ch. 6-1 The Right to Vote

American Government


The history of voting rights

THE HISTORY OF VOTING RIGHTS

SUFFRAGE (aka FRANCHISE)—the right to vote

EXPANSION OF THE ELECTORATE

1789-the right to vote was restricted to adult white male property owners

Only about 1 in 15 adult white males could vote in elections in most States.

ELECTORATE—the potential voting population


Chapter 6 voters and voter behavior

Today the ELECTORATE in the USA is impressive

220 million people-nearly all citizens who are at least 18 can now qualify to vote

History of American suffrage since 1789 has been marked by two long-term trends

First—Gradual elimination of restrictions such as religion, property ownership, tax payment, race, and sex

Second—states’ powers over the right to vote have been assumed by the federal government


Chapter 6 voters and voter behavior

EXTENDING SUFFRAGE: THE FIVE STAGES

1) Restrictions disappeared—religious tests, property ownership, etc. No state has had a religious test for voting since 1810. By the mid-1800s, almost all adult white males could vote in every state.

2) Period following the Civil War. XVth Amendment gave people the right to vote regardless of race or color. For the next century, however, African-Americans were systematically denied the right to vote.


Chapter 6 voters and voter behavior

3) XIXth Amendment—removed the prohibition to vote based on gender (Ratified in 1920)

4) 1960s-federal legislation and court cases focused on securing the right to vote for African-Americans

The Voting Rights Act of 1965 helped guarantee racial equality

XXIIIrd Amendment gave D.C. the right to vote for President


Chapter 6 voters and voter behavior

XXIVthAmentment (1964) eliminated the poll tax and other taxes that were a condition for voting in a federal election

5) XXVIth Amendment (1971) set the minimum voting age at 18


The power to set voting qualifications

THE POWER TO SET VOTING QUALIFICATIONS

Constitution doesn’t give the Federal government the power to set suffrage qualifications.

This matter is reserved for the states.

The Constitution does place 5 restrictions on how the states can use the power.

1) States must allow voters that vote for state legislators to vote for federal legislators also


Chapter 6 voters and voter behavior

2) No State can deprive any person the right to vote “on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude”.

3) No State can deprive any person the right to vote on account of sex.

4) No State can require payment of any tax as a condition for taking part in nomination or election of any federal officeholder


Chapter 6 voters and voter behavior

5) No State can deprive any person who is at least 18 years of age the right to vote.

Remember that states also cannot violate the Constitution in setting of suffrage qualifications

The End


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