The Red Sea Crossing. Based upon “ The Exodus Revealed ” A video production by Discovery Media Productions available through Jews for Jesus , and distributed by RPI/Campus Crusade for Christ Also distributed by Questar, Inc . And other information from www.arkdiscovery.com
The Red Sea Crossing
Based upon “The Exodus Revealed”A video production by Discovery Media Productions available through Jews for Jesus, and distributed by RPI/Campus Crusade for ChristAlso distributed by Questar, Inc.
And other information from www.arkdiscovery.com
Where did Moses and the children of Israel cross the Red Sea?
Was it a shallow crossing?
Was it really a “Reed Sea”?
Is there any clear indication in Scripture where this took place?
Let’s examine the background of the story.
Forty years before the Exodus, when Moses left Egypt, he fled to Midian.
In Midian, Moses eventually encountered God on Mt. Sinai, also called “Horeb, the mountain of God.”
That's where God tells Moses He wants him to free His people.
God told Moses to bring the Israelites back to worship Him on this mountain.
That mountain, called Horeb, is Mt. Sinai.
It is in Arabia.
The traditional mountain called Sinai was so named by a group of Catholic monks who had been run out of Egypt proper in the 3rd century AD.
They traveled into the wilderness of what is now called the Sinai Peninsula to the base of this mountain. It reminded them of where Moses encountered God.
So, they called it Mt. Sinai.
However, the whole Sinai Peninsula was then, and is now, Egypt.
It was where Egypt had its copper and turquoise mines.
There was a large military presence there as well.
The Sinai Peninsula would not have been a good place for Moses to hide.
The real Mt. Sinai could not possibly be in the Sinai Peninsula
Moses was tending the flock of Jethro in Midian when God spoke to him there (Mt. Sinai).
We know where Midian is today. It's the same place as it was then: Western Arabia.
Sinai and Horeb are the same mountain.
Josephus describes Mt. Sinai as the highest of mountains near the city of Madian.
The Greek geographer Ptolemy identified Madian as being in the Arabian Peninsula. Near the modern city of Al Baad.
So, now we have determined the children of Israel headed to Arabia, not to what we call the Sinai Peninsula.
They left Rameses.
Rameses, in the Exodus account, is a location, not a person. It means “Door of two roads.”
In this case, it means you take either the road to Canaan, or the road across the wilderness to Arabia.
God took them across the desert.
There were two to three million people
And personal belongings
And treasures they got from the Egyptians when they left. (Exodus 11:2-3)
And yet, they traveled rapidly…
Scriptures indicate they traveled 7 days, 24 hours a day:
And, there is reason to believe God assisted their flight.
Then God set a trap for Pharaoh.
God wanted Pharaoh to think the children of Israel were lost in the wilderness so He took them off the normal road to Arabia.
God wanted to punish Pharaoh.
God wanted to glorify His name.
Pharaoh will think the people are hemmed in.
So, the Red Sea Crossing site has to be
Let’s look at the map for a moment and try to get some bearings.
If you’ve got a Bible with maps, names like
have question marks following them.
And yet God tells us where Etham and Pi Hahiroth are, but we have to do a little work to identify them.
Baal-Zaphon’s location is known today.
Where is Pi Hahiroth?
Where could two million people with accessories camp where they would be hemmed in?
Before they crossed the Red Sea?
And where Pharaoh would think they were lost?
Well, that told us a bit about where it probably wasn’t.
Let’s try something else…
There alsohas to be a body of water nearby large enough to drown the entire Egyptian army.
It had to be at least seven days journey from Rameses (Goshen, the Delta).
Which is more likely a seven day trip? —Especially considering 24x7 travel and God’s help?
The Bible tells us…
They camped at Succoth, and they camped at Etham. (Numbers 33:5-6)
The starting point and the ending point before something significant happened.
It tells us Etham is on the edge of the desert. (Numbers 33:6)
Since they started on the Western edge of the desert, why would we think Etham is there?
The Bible also tells us…
Pi Hahiroth faces, or is opposite, Baal-Zephon. (Numbers 33:7)
Note: Some versions incorrectly say “to the east of” Baal-Zaphon.
We know where ruins called Baal-Zephon are today.
So, if Baal-Zaphon is here, let’s work backward…
They encamped opposite Baal-Zaphon between Migdol and the sea.
They turned back from the normal route to go toward Pi Hahiroth
They camped at Etham.
They camped at Succoth.
Is there anything significant about this spot directly across from Baal-Zaphon?
It’s called the Nuweiba Peninsula. A huge sandy beach.
It currently is the site of two resort towns with many hotels.
Let’s take a closer look…
The children of Israel would have taken the path of Wadi Watir.
This is a high walled canyon, 18 miles long that opens out at Nuweiba against the Red Sea.
Here’s an aerial shot of Wadi Watir.
The Wadi Watir…
Opening out into Nuweiba Peninsula
Remember, this is still Egypt!
There is even an ancient Egyptian fortress at the north end of the Nuweiba Peninsula; an clear indication that this land was still considered Egypt.
Two to three million people,
all hemmed in
with no place to go.
The Gulf of Aqaba is about 11 miles wide at this point.
“But the Gulf of Aqaba is very deep, almost 5000 feet for most of its length.”
“Even if there were no water, crossing it would be extremely difficult.”
Yes, that’s true, but at just this point in the gulf…
There is an underwater land bridge with a floor of around 200 feet.
It consists of sand so fine, once water is removed, it dries quickly, and is easy to walk upon.
Whether the sand was there before God divided the water, or whether God built it up as part of the same miraculous work, we do not know.
In any case, I think 11 miles wide and 200 feet deep is enough to drown Pharaoh and his army, don’t you?
Are any artifacts found there?
In virtually every place in the world, coral grows in shapeless masses. However, at Nuweiba, coral grows in angles and curves…
Why is coral growing in this unlikely shape?
Could it be an axle and spokes of a wheel?
Here’s a demonstrationof oddly shapedcoral with the possible original shapessketched in.
Now here’s something really amazing. On the Arabian side of the Gulf of Aqaba near Baal-Zaphon, there appears to be a gold chariot wheel!
Coral does not grow on gold.
The Children of Israel crossed the Red Sea just as God’s Word says.
Pharaoh and his army drowned in the Red Sea just as God’s Word says.
Here we have a physical location that is consistent with the testimony of God’s Word.
You see, the Bible is real history.
“...let God be found true, though every man be found a liar...” Romans 3:4
“Thy word is true from the beginning…” Psalm 119:160a