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CDM Basics. Marcos Castro, World Bank Institute CFCB Sao Paulo Workshop São Paulo City Hall, 4 May 2010. Financing Low Carbon Development in Cities. The CDM Option. 20.08.2014. 2. CDM survival kit for city officiers: 1. Baseline.

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Cdm basics

CDM Basics

Marcos Castro, World Bank Institute

CFCB Sao Paulo Workshop

São Paulo City Hall, 4 May 2010



Cdm survival kit for city officiers 1 baseline
CDM survival kit for city officiers: 1. Baseline

The 3 key points: 1. Baseline;2. Additionality; 3. CDM Toolbox

Reveals how much GHG can be saved and therefore demonstrates Carbon Financing potential (ex-post and market-dependent!)

Carbon credits

= emissions

Baseline

Greenhouse gas emissions

Actual emissions

Project start

Time

Historical Trend


Cdm survival kit for city officiers 2 additionality
CDM survival kit for city officiers: 2. Additionality

The 3 key points: 1. Baseline;2. Additionality; 3. CDM Toolbox

Proves that the targeted emmissions wouldn‘t be saved without CDM (precondition for every CDM project)

Carbon revenue makes the project attractive relative to investment alternatives

Investmentthreshold

Revenue / NPV / IRR

Project without carbon revenue is profitable – but not sufficiently profitable compared with alternatives

Project without carbon element

Project with carbon element


Some examples of additionality
Some examples of additionality

Capturing methane from an urban landfill and flaring it

Carbon credits represent the only source of income for undertaking this activity

Capturing methane from an urban landfill and utilising it to generate electricity

  • Project developer would have to demonstrate that the electricity revenue alone would not make this project attractive

?

  • Building a large hydro project for the grid in Ethiopia

    • Questionable additionality: there is already plenty of hydro activity in Ethiopia

20.08.2014

5


6 to 12 months

1.5 months

Crediting period of the project

Project Developer

PIN

PDD

Recall: CDM Project Cycle

Depicts the step-by-step approach to CDM as well as the key institutions

Recall: CDM Methodologies Depict the approach for different project types

Host country approval

DNA

Project verification

Project validation

DOE

Project registration

CER issuance

CDM EB

http://cdm.unfccc.int/methodologies/index.html

CDM survival kit for city officiers: 3. CDM Toolbox

  • The 3 key points: 1. Baseline;2. Additionality;3. CDM Toolbox

    • The Carbon Finance add-on challenge!

Project

CDM Cycle


The cdm project cycle
The CDM project cycle

6 to 12 months

1.5 months

Crediting period of the project

Project Developer

Project feasibility assessment / PIN

CDM project development / PDD

Host country approval

DNA

Project verification

Project validation

DOE

Project registration

CER issuance

CDMExecutiveBoard

20.08.2014

7


The cdm project cycle1
The CDM project cycle

6 to 12 months

1.5 months

Crediting period of the project

Project Developer

Project feasibility assessment / PIN

CDM project development / PDD

Host country approval

DNA

Project verification

Project validation

DOE

CDMExecutiveBoard

Project registration

CER issuance

20.08.2014

8


The cdm project cycle2
The CDM project cycle

6 to 12 months

1.5 months

Crediting period of the project

Project Developer

Project feasibility assessment / PIN

CDM project development / PDD

Host country approval

DNA

Project verification

Project validation

DOE

CDMExecutiveBoard

Project registration

CER issuance

20.08.2014

9


The cdm project cycle3
The CDM project cycle

6 to 12 months

1.5 months

Crediting period of the project

Project Developer

Project feasibility assessment / PIN

CDM project development / PDD

Host country approval

DNA

Project verification

Project validation

DOE

CDMExecutiveBoard

Project registration

CER issuance

20.08.2014

10


The cdm project cycle4
The CDM project cycle

6 to 12 months

1.5 months

Crediting period of the project

Project Developer

Project feasibility assessment / PIN

CDM project development / PDD

Host country approval

DNA

Project verification

Project validation

DOE

CDMExecutiveBoard

Project registration

CER issuance

20.08.2014

11


The cdm project cycle5
The CDM project cycle

6 to 12 months

1.5 months

Crediting period of the project

Project Developer

Project feasibility assessment / PIN

CDM project development / PDD

Host country approval

DNA

Project verification

Project validation

DOE

CDMExecutiveBoard

Project registration

CER issuance

20.08.2014

12


The cdm project cycle6
The CDM project cycle

6 to 12 months

1.5 months

Crediting period of the project

Project Developer

Project feasibility assessment / PIN

CDM project development / PDD

Host country approval

DNA

Project verification

Project validation

DOE

CDMExecutiveBoard

Project registration

CER issuance

20.08.2014

13


The cdm project cycle7
The CDM project cycle

6 to 12 months

1.5 months

Crediting period of the project

Project Developer

Project feasibility assessment / PIN

CDM project development / PDD

Host country approval

DNA

Project verification

Project validation

DOE

Project registration

CER issuance

CDMExecutiveBoard

20.08.2014

14




References amongst others
References (amongst others)

CFCB: www.lowcarboncities.info

Carbon Finance Assist/Carbon Finance Unit, World Bank

www.climatefinanceoptions.org (WB/ UNDP)

t. +44.(0)207.983.4627


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