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The English Colonies






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The early settlements. English method of colonization utilized joint-stock companiesHow was this different from the Spanish?First settlement is in 1607, JamestownFor profitability they neglected farming and went looking for gold, silver
The English Colonies

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1. The English Colonies

2. The early settlements English method of colonization utilized joint-stock companies How was this different from the Spanish? First settlement is in 1607, Jamestown For profitability they neglected farming and went looking for gold, silver & copper By 1612 Jamestown is saved by the introduction of tobacco (and new colonists) Joint-Stock companies allowed several/many investors to pool their wealth in support of a colony sharing the risk/profit. - several joint-stock companies were founded: Virginia Company, London Company and others. http://www.apva.org/history/ Joint-Stock companies allowed several/many investors to pool their wealth in support of a colony sharing the risk/profit. - several joint-stock companies were founded: Virginia Company, London Company and others. http://www.apva.org/history/

4. Formation of the 13 colonies B/c of profitability of tobacco there was a great increase in the demand for labor Indentured servants became the major source of immigration to the New World More & more colonies began to grow Spread throughout the Eastern seaboard Separated into 3 distinct areas:

5. Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts (Maine), & New Hampshire (Vermont was claimed by New York & New Hampshire).

6. New England Colonies Founded for religious freedom (more later) Industry: Ship building, shipping, fishing, lumber, rum, meat products, livestock, trade, iron foundries, snuff

7. Includes New York, Delaware, New Jersey & Pennsylvania

8. Middle/Chesapeake Colonies Dutch were the first to settle this area, New Netherland, capital - New Amsterdam Trade, foodstuffs, fur, wheat, glass, shoes, livestock, shipping, shipbuilding, rum, flax, copper, beer and snuff Henry Hudson, an Englishman who sailed for the Dutch explored and sailed up the river that now bears his name in current-day New York. Henry Hudson, an Englishman who sailed for the Dutch explored and sailed up the river that now bears his name in current-day New York.

9. Middle Colonies - Pennsylvania William Penn?s father helped the King restore his throne, in thanks gave land Penn belonged to Society of Friends aka Quakers: dressed plainly, opposed war, refused to serve in military, refused to defer to persons of rank. Pennsylvania became a haven to those who were rejected, everyone welcome!

10. Included Virginia, Maryland, North & South Carolina, and Georgia.

11. Southern Colonies Georgia had been formed to help English poor, few debtors met strict requirements 1760 European pop ? 6,000 people Mainly served as a buffer to Spanish Florida Tobacco, rice, indigo, naval supplies, furs, wheat, lumber, iron, silk, cattle & snuff

12. The 13 Colonies By the 1750s the British crown had assumed more direct control over colonial economies and governments The colonies existed primarily for the benefit of the ?mother-country?: Colonies exported raw materials an in return they imported manufactured goods Mercantilism ? a nation can increase its wealth and power in two ways: by obtaining as much gold and silver as possible, and be establishing a favorable balance of trade in which it sells more goods than it bought. Navigation Acts, 1651 ? No country could trade w/ colonies unless the goods were shipped in either colonial or English ships All vessels had to be operated by crews that were at least three-quarters English or colonial The colonies could export certain products, including tobacco and sugar ? later rice, molasses and furs- only to England Almost all goods traded between the colonies and Europe first had to pass through an English port At first this was a boom to the colonists as it created a demand for colonial ships and crews. As the colonies grew economically, they also continued their population growth. This in turn helped their political growth. By the mid-1700s most colonies looked, politically, very similar. Nearly every colony had a governor appointed by the crown. The governor presided over an advisory council (usually appointed by the governor) and a legislature elected by white land-owning males. Governor had the ability to appoint and dismiss judges and trade issues. Colonial assembly could raise revenue via taxes, and could pass laws. Governor could veto any law ? but his salary was usually controlled by the legislature. All of this led to the development of self-determination. The colonies, although technically under the crown were feeling very independent in their daily ventures. They were seeming to be rather self-sufficient. However nothing is uniting these very different colonies together.Mercantilism ? a nation can increase its wealth and power in two ways: by obtaining as much gold and silver as possible, and be establishing a favorable balance of trade in which it sells more goods than it bought. Navigation Acts, 1651 ? No country could trade w/ colonies unless the goods were shipped in either colonial or English ships All vessels had to be operated by crews that were at least three-quarters English or colonial The colonies could export certain products, including tobacco and sugar ? later rice, molasses and furs- only to England Almost all goods traded between the colonies and Europe first had to pass through an English port At first this was a boom to the colonists as it created a demand for colonial ships and crews. As the colonies grew economically, they also continued their population growth. This in turn helped their political growth. By the mid-1700s most colonies looked, politically, very similar. Nearly every colony had a governor appointed by the crown. The governor presided over an advisory council (usually appointed by the governor) and a legislature elected by white land-owning males. Governor had the ability to appoint and dismiss judges and trade issues. Colonial assembly could raise revenue via taxes, and could pass laws. Governor could veto any law ? but his salary was usually controlled by the legislature. All of this led to the development of self-determination. The colonies, although technically under the crown were feeling very independent in their daily ventures. They were seeming to be rather self-sufficient. However nothing is uniting these very different colonies together.


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