Accident Analysis
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Accident Analysis. Objectives. Written program Causal factors Steps of accident analysis Proactive utilization of data Convincing others in your workplace Training analysts. Action Plan. What is an Accident?. Why do we do Accident Analysis?. Establishing a Written Accident

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Accident Analysis

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Accident Analysis


Objectives

  • Written program

  • Causal factors

  • Steps of accident analysis

  • Proactive utilization of data

  • Convincing others in your workplace

  • Training analysts


Action Plan


What is an Accident?


Why do we do

Accident Analysis?


Establishing a

Written Accident

Analysis Program


Establishing Written

Accident Analysis Program

  • Purpose

  • Definitions

  • Responsibilities

  • Program Activities


Program Activities

  • General

  • Safety Committee

  • Training

  • Recordkeeping


Causal Factors


Causal Factors

(1) Task

(2) Material

(3) Environment

(4) Human Factor ( Personal)

(5) Management/Process Failure


MATERIAL

ENVIRONMENT

TASK

PERSONAL

MANAGEMENT


(1) Task

  • Ergonomics

  • Safety work procedures

  • Condition changes

  • Process

  • Materials

  • Workers

  • Appropriate tools/materials

  • Safety devices (including lockout)


(2) Material

  • Equipment failure

  • Machinery design/guarding

  • Hazardous substances

  • Substandard material


(3) Environment

  • Weather conditions

  • Housekeeping

  • Temperature

  • Lighting

  • Air contaminants

  • Personal Protective Equipment


(4) Human Factor (Personal)

  • Level of experience

  • Level of Training

  • Physical capability

  • Health

  • Fatigue

  • Stress


(5) Management/Process Failure

  • Visible Active senior management support for safety

  • Safety policies

  • Enforcement of safety policies

  • Adequate supervision

  • Knowledge of hazards

  • Hazard corrective action

  • Preventive maintenance

  • Regular audits


Steps of Accident

Analysis


Steps of Accident

Analysis

(1) Information gathering

(2) Analysis & Conclusions

(3) Recommendations

(4) Written Report


(1) Information Gathering

  • Analysis Kit

  • Physical Evidence

  • Interview Questions

  • Background Information


(2) Analysis & Conclusions

  • Accident Tree

  • BWC Accident Investigation Form

BWC


(3) Recommendations

  • Feedback

    • Employees

    • Safety committee

    • Supervisors/Managers

  • Modify recommendations

  • Final decision


(4) Written Report


Proactive Utilization of Data


Proactive Utilization of Data

  • Gather information

  • Evaluate data for trends

  • Draw conclusions

  • Make recommendations

  • Take action


Gather information

  • Paper documentation

    • OSHA 200 log

    • First aid logs

    • Accident Reports

    • Process documents

    • Maintenance

    • Safety audit documents

    • Work-force Suggestion

    • Safety Committee minutes


Gather information (cont...)

  • Technology tools

  • Interviews

    • Employees

    • Supervisors/Managers

    • Vendors

    • Outside consultants

    • Trade associations

    • Other companies in your industry

  • Workplace audits


Evaluate data for Trends

  • Repeat injuries

  • Accident types

  • Nature of injury

  • Department ( location )

  • Operation task

  • Employee task

  • Human factors


  • Draw conclusion

  • Make recommendations

  • Take action


Convincing others in your workplace of the importance of Accident Analysis


Training Analysts


Training Analysts

(1) Knowledge & skills needed

(2) Analysis Protocol

(3) Pre-training stage

(4) During the Training

(5) Transfer of Information


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