John Edwards '08: "Health Care“ http://www.factcheck.org/video/YouTube_-_John_Edwards_-_quotHealth_Carequot_Television_Ad_-_Iowa_WMV.wmv
John Edwards '08: "Health Care“
Edwards: When I'm president, I'm going to say to members of Congress and members of my administration, including my Cabinet, "I'm glad that you have health care coverage and that your family has health care coverage. But if you don't pass universal health care by July 2009 - six months - I'm going to use my power as president to take your health care away from you."Edwards: There's no excuse for politicians in Washington having health care when you don't have health care.I'm John Edwards and I approve this message.
The American Presidency
THERE is an idea, which is not without its advocates, that a vigorous executive is inconsistent with the genius of republican government. The enlightened well‑wishers to this species of government must at least hope that the supposition is destitute of foundation; since they can never admit its truth, without at the same time admitting the condemnation of their own principles.
Energy in the executive is a leading character in the definition of good government. It is essential to the protection of the community against foreign attacks; it is not less essential to the steady administration of the laws; to the protection of property against those irregular and high‑handed combinations which sometimes interrupt the ordinary course of justice; to the security of liberty against the enterprises and assaults of ambition, of faction, and of anarchy. . . .
A feeble executive implies a feeble execution of the government. A feeble execution is but another phrase for a bad execution; and a government ill executed, whatever it may be in theory, must be, in practice, a bad government. --Alexander Hamilton, “Federalist #70”
Commander in Chief
commission all officers
President and Senate:
Congress (conditional veto):
impose duties… to provide for the common defense
regulate commerce with foreign nations
establish a rule of naturalization
regulate the value of foreign coin
define & punish piracies & felonies committed on the high seas & offenses against the Law of Nations
declare war, grant letters of marque & reprisal, & make rules concerning captures
raise & support armies
provide & maintain a navy
make rules for armed forces
provide for calling forth the militia to repel invasions
prescribe training of militia
exercise exclusive jurisdiction over forts, arsenals, etc.
make all laws which shall be necessary and proper
Growth of presidential power has been fairly gradual, and most has been concentrated in the areas of military and foreign affairs.
George W. Bush on Iraq & Social Security
Presidential power grows in times of crisis and shrinks in time of calm.
But it always grows more than it shrinks.
Take Home Lessons
Control over Information
Andrew Johnson Impeachment
Spanish American War
World War I
Treaty of Versailles
League of Nations
World War II
Cold War Cult of the Presidency
The Imperial Presidency
Legislation by Executive Order
Perpetual and Universal Privilege
Police Powers of National Government
War Powers Act
Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act
Secret Wars in Laos and Cambodia
Threatened Impeachment & Nixon Resignation
Presidential Preference and Position on the Electoral College
Chi-square = 17.06. Probability that Presidential Preference and Position on Electoral College are unrelated is less than 0.001%.
Take Home Lesson
Mark Newman, Department of Physics and Center for the Study of Complex Systems, University of Michigan