Sudo 2010. Contextual evidence (B&G). Importance of contextual evidence established by B&G (as we just saw) Contextual evidence for negative answer blocks the felicitousness of a PPQ PPQs fine in neutral contexts. More than one type of bias….
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(N.B. the term evidential is not to be confused with evidentials in the sense of source marking)
Isn’t Bill tall?
p= Bill is tall
Epistemic (speaker thinks it is likely that Bill is tall)
Bouletic (speaker expects Bill to be tall)
Deontic (speaker thinks that it should be the case that Bill is tall)
Found in question!
Found in context!
A: This neigborhood is a hippie’s paradise!
B: #Isn’t there a vegetarian restaurant around here? (ON)
A: Where do you want to eat tonight?
B: Isn’t there a vegetarian restaurant around here? (ON)
A: A hippie like Tom would never survive in this neighborhood. It’s for meatlovers.
B: Isn’t there a vegetarian restaurant around here? (IN)
A: We can eat anywhere you want!
B: #Isn’t there a vegetarian restaurant around here? (IN)
N.B. NOT an exhaustive list of possible combinations/parameters
There is a conflict between some prior belief and the evidence that has come about in the context
Context 1 (NEUTRAL)
Tu amigo: Quiero llevarte a comer esta noche. ¿Adónde quieres ir?
Tú: ¿Por aquí hay algún restaurante vegetariano? Ya sabes que no como carne.
Context 2: Como Uds. son vegetarianos, no podemos comer en este barrio. Todos los restaurantes aquí son más para los que comen carne.
Tú: ¿Por aquí no hay ningún restaurante vegetariano?
¡H* L%, L* HL%
Context 3: Estás visitando un amigo en NYC y te acuerdas que la última vez que lo visitaste comieron en un restaurante vegetariano
Tú: ¿Por aquí no hay un restaurante vegetariano?
¡H* L%, H+L* L%