claims
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
CLAIMS

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 9

CLAIMS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 113 Views
  • Uploaded on

CLAIMS. Identifying the arguer’s point. Claims. A claim is the point an arguer is trying to make. The claim is the conclusion, proposition, or assertion an arguer wants another to accept. The claim answers the question, "So what is your point?”

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'CLAIMS' - sanura


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
claims

CLAIMS

Identifying the arguer’s point

claims2
Claims
  • A claim is the point an arguer is trying to make.
  • The claim is the conclusion, proposition, or assertion an arguer wants another to accept.
  • The claim answers the question, "So what is your point?”
    • example: “You should send a birthday card to Mimi, because she sent you one on your birthday.”
    • example: “I drove last time, so this time it’s your turn to drive.”
    • example: “Because the groundhog saw his shadow,there will be six more weeks of winter.”
clue words for identifying claims
Clue words for identifying claims
  • Claims often follow words such as “therefore,” “thus,” and “hence”
    • example:” Ned is conservative, therefore he tends to vote for John McCain.”
    • example: “There are newspapers in the Boswell’s driveway, thus they are probably out of town this weekend.”
    • example: “The car’s engine is still warm, hence it must have been driven recently.”
more clue words for identifying claims
We conclude that…

Results indicate…

Consequently…

So…

In short…

It follows that…

Shows that…

Indicates that…

Suggests that…

It should be clear that…

We may deduce that…

Points to…

The point I’m trying to make is…

The most obvious explanation is…

It is highly probably that…

Proves that…

The truth of the matter is…

More clue words for identifying claims
more about claims
More about claims...
  • There are four basic types of claims:
  • fact: claims which focus on empirically verifiable phenomena
  • judgment/value: claims involving opinions, attitudes, and subjective evaluations of things
  • policy: claims advocating courses of action that should be undertaken
  • definition or classification: claims about categorization and classification
factual claims
Factual claims
  • Empirically verifiable—ultimately there is a correct answer somewhere
  • The arguers may not be able to prove the correct answer
    • example: “More than 300 innocent people have been executed in the United States.”
  • An arguer is making a factual claim even if the arguer has the facts wrong
    • example: “Dr. Gass is 6’4” tall.
  • Facts may involve the past, present, or future
    • example: “California’s Hispanic population will more than double over the next 10 years.”
judgment or value claims
Judgment or Value claims
  • Involve matters of taste, opinion, attitudes
    • example: “Torture is wrong.”
  • Always carry an evaluative dimension:
      • positive vs. negative
      • good versus bad
      • right vs. wrong
  • Not all opinions are equally good
    • example: “Norbit was the best movie of 2007.”
policy
Policy
  • advocates what should be done
      • example: “there oughta be a law…”
      • example: “You should change your motor oil every 4,000 miles.”
  • Requires someone to take a specific course of action
      • an individual
      • a legislature
      • a court
  • should ≠ would
definition
definition
  • advocates a specific definition or interpretation of a concept
    • example: “Tiger Woods is African-American.”
  • often necessary to define key concepts prior to arguing claims of fact, value, or policy
    • example: “Rich people should pay higher taxes.” What constitutes “rich”?
  • often centers on what category or classification is most appropriate
ad