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Getting Physical…. . Physical geography the systematic study of patterns and processes within the hydrosphere, biosphere, atmosphere and lithosphere. it aims to understand the physical layout of the Earth, its weather and global flora and fauna patterns. Freshwater. Meredith Beilfuss

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Getting physical
Getting Physical….

  • Physical geography

    • the systematic study of patterns and processes within the hydrosphere, biosphere, atmosphere and lithosphere.

    • it aims to understand the physical layout of the Earth, its weather and global flora and fauna patterns


Freshwater

Freshwater

Meredith Beilfuss

Butler University


How much fresh water is available for drinking water
How much fresh water is available for drinking water?

  • A Drop in the Bucket from Population Connection


Rivers streams and groundwater

Water beneath the ground

Aquifer

Water table

Springs/seeps

Follows topography

Direction of flow

Age (young, mature, old)

Order (1st, 2nd, 3rd)

Speed and erosive power

Shape (meandering vs straight)

Rivers/Streams and Groundwater


Rivers
Rivers

  • U.S.

    • Ohio (5)

    • Mississippi (11)

    • White (6)

  • Egypt

    • Nile (5)

  • Europe

    • Danube

    • Seine

  • South America

    • Amazon


Economics (2)

Trade/Goods (5)

Business

Movement (2)

Transportation (9)

Boats

Riverboats

Locks

Bridges

Flow (4)

Barges

Migration (2)

Flooding (5)

Management (Dams)

Food

Barrier

Sanitation (2)

Drinking water/water (3)

Resources

Pollution (5)

Characteristics/Parts of a River

Mouth

Tributary

Delta (2)

Shape- wide vs narrow

Movement downhill

Speed (swift)

Powerful

Energy

Electricity

Settlement/Civilizations (3)

Life (2)

Wildlife

Home

The Falls of Ohio

Lewis and Clark

Recreation (5)

Vacation

Fishing (5)

Skiing

Boating (2)

Rafting (2)

Kayaking

Religion

Paris

Agriculture/Irrigation (6)

Peace/Serenity

Conflict – water wars

Boundary

Hazard

Obstruction

Blue/shining

Muddy

Moon River

Pristine

Nature



Watersheds
Watersheds

  • Gather your materials

    • A topographical map of a river….

    • An overhead marking pen

    • Mark all water bodies by tracing them…

    • What do you observe?


Watershed
Watershed

  • Regional view of where water comes from….

  • Topography


Historical and geographical themes
Historical and Geographical themes

  • Settlement

    • Water sources for survival

  • Cultural hearth

    • Irrigation practices led to agriculture, led to intellectual advancements

  • Movement

    • Transportation of goods

  • Human/environment interaction

    • Dams/Levees


Nile river
Nile River

  • Origins- Ethiopian Highlands and Lake Victoria

  • Topography- a small decrease over a long distance

  • Age- Nile is old

  • Use of the Nile?

  • Biology

  • longest river in the world?- a combination of 3 rivers (White, Blue, Nile)

  • Flooding- set your watch to it!

  • Flow direction- Nile flows north

    • flow characteristics like meanders, cutbank, pointbar

  • Management- the Aswan Dam and ‘hydropolitics’

  • The delta- high sediment load (fertile)


Creating a model
Creating a model…

  • Models - like the real thing, but not quite…

  • Helpful to a ‘concrete’ learner

  • Leads to deeper understanding…

  • Constructivist practice…

  • Etc…


Using a stream table
Using a stream table…

  • Tub with sand

  • Cup with holes punched (spray bottle or watering can)

  • Water


Begin by
Begin by…

  • Decide the ‘lay of the land’

  • Place a home or homes- use monopoly houses

  • Make it ‘rain’

  • Observe

    • What happens? Where does the water collect? What happens to the land? Why?


Rivers management
Rivers: Management

  • Aswan Dam

    • Positive and Negative Impacts

    • Water as a source of conflict and a place to begin asking geographic questions….

    • Great when using a case study approach


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