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ADA 101. "Just The Facts, Ma'am". Course objectives. Introduction to accessibility laws, regulations, standards and guidelines Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act Americans with Disabilities Act ADA Standards Public ROW Guidelines. Course objectives (cont.).

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Just the facts ma am

ADA 101

"Just The Facts, Ma'am"


Course objectives
Course objectives

  • Introduction to accessibility laws, regulations, standards and guidelines

    • Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act

    • Americans with Disabilities Act

      • ADA Standards

      • Public ROW Guidelines


Course objectives cont
Course objectives (cont.)

  • Understand our responsibilities under 504 and the ADA

  • The basics of accessibility

  • Where to find information


Documents referenced in this course
Documents Referenced in this Course

  • 2005 Public Rights of Way Accessibility Guidelines (PROWAG)

  • 2006 ADA Standards for Transportation Facilities (ADASTF)

  • 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design (ADASAD)

  • 2009 Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD)

  • 2012 Florida Accessibility Code (FAC)


504 ada civil rights laws
504/ADA - Civil Rights Laws

  • Enforced by U.S. Dept. of Justice (DOJ) and U.S. Dept. of Transportation (DOT)

  • Protection from discrimination

  • Access to Services, Programs & Activities

  • Effective communication

    • Reasonable Accommodation

    • Barrier Removal


Ada 5 titles
ADA – 5 Titles

  • I – Employment

    Hiring, promoting, reasonable accommodations

  • II – Public Services

    Subtitle IIa– State and Local Governments

    Subtitle IIb – Transportation

  • III – Public Accommodations

    Hotels, restaurants, shopping centers, offices

  • IV – Telecommunications

    Telephones, computers, TDD/TTY’s, Web-sites

  • V - Miscellaneous


Background of the ada
Background of the ADA

  • 1964 Civil Rights Act

    • Protection from discrimination:

      • Race, color, country of origin, etc.

  • 1968 Architectural Barriers Act

    • Federal buildings:

      • Post offices, courthouses, etc.

  • 1973 Rehabilitation Act – Section 504

    • Federal financial assistance:

      • If you receive federal funds, you're a federal program


Background of the ada cont
Background of the ADA (cont.)

  • 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act

    • January 26, 1992 – effective date

    • July 1, 1994 – new ADA Standards for Accessible Design

    • July 26, 2004 – new guidance (ADA/ABA)

    • November 23, 2005 – Access Board issues PROW guidelines (PROWAG)

    • November 29, 2006 – FHWA adopts 2006 ADA Standards for Transportation Facilities (based on ADA/ABA, with modifications)

    • March 15, 2011 – USDOJ adopts 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design (based on ADA/ABA) (Mandatory on March 15, 2012)


Ada section 504 coverage
ADA & Section 504:Coverage

ADA:

Public services, programs & activities

504:

Receive Federal funds


Ada standards standards
ADA Standards (Standards)

  • Chapter 1: Application and Administration

  • Chapter 2: Scoping Requirements

  • Chapter 3: Building Blocks

  • Chapter 4: Accessible Routes

  • Chapter 5: General Site And Building Elements

  • Chapter 6: Plumbing Elements And Facilities

  • Chapter 7: Communication Elements And Features

  • Chapter 8: Special Rooms, Spaces and Elements

  • Chapter 9: Built-In Elements

  • Chapter 10: Recreation Facilities


Dot modifications to ada standards nov 29 2006
DOT Modifications to ADA Standards(Nov. 29, 2006)

  • Accessible routes (206.3)

    • Adds requirement that accessible routes to elements shall be placed to minimum travel distance differentials

  • Detectable warnings on curb ramps (406.8)

    • Puts back the requirement for detectable warnings removed from the 2004 ADA Guidelines

  • Bus boarding areas (810.2.2)

    • Requires boarding and alighting areas “to the extent the construction specifications are within their control”

  • Rail station platforms (810.5.3)

    • Allows the use of temporary platforms, ramps, etc. to meet the horizontal and vertical requirements between the platform and the rail car


The future of ada for us
The Future of ADA for us?

  • NOTE:

    On July 26, 2011 the U.S. Access Board issued a notice of proposed rule-making (NPRM) to adopt the PROW Guidelines as standards.

    A Final Rule is expected in 2013(?).

    FHWA Guidance: “Use PROWAG where the ADA Standards are silent.”

    RECOMMENDATION:

    Start learning the new PROW ‘Standards’!?!

    www.access-board.gov/prowac/nprm.htm


Prowag guidelines
PROWAG (Guidelines)

  • Chapter R1: Application and Administration

    • Purpose, Conventions, Definitions, etc.

  • Chapter R2: Scoping Requirements

    • Where technical criteria must be applied, or not

  • Chapter R3: Technical Requirements

    • What criteria must be applied/used

  • Chapter R4: Supplementary Technical Requirements

    • Criteria that apply in coordination with other issues


Ada and sidewalks
ADA and Sidewalks

  • Regulatory requirements and guidance:

  • ADA Title II governs “public services”

  • ADA: ‘Public services’ must be accessible

  • ADA: Sidewalks along public roadways ARE public services

  • ADA: Sidewalks within public rights of way must include “pedestrian access routes” *

  • Curb ramps are part of the pedestrian access route

  • Features along, over and adjacent to sidewalks must meet accessibility criteria

    * “Pedestrian access routes” within PROW are equivalent to “accessible routes” on a site, with some differences…


Accessible routes ar vs pedestrian access routes par

24” max.

32” Min.

Accessible Routes (AR) vs.Pedestrian Access Routes (PAR)

  • AR=36” min. continuous width - on-site/in building

    • PAR=48” in ROW – FDOT Stds. & PROWAG

  • AR=32” min. width ‘point’ (24” max.) - on-site/in building

    • PAR=48” in ROW – FDOT Stds. & PROWAG

  • 60” x 60” passing space @ 200’

  • Slopes:

    • ≤1:20 (≤5%) is not a ramp

    • >1:20 (>5%) is a ramp

    • 1:12 (8.33%) max. allowed *

  • Cross-slope

    • 1:50 (2%) max. allowed *

    • 1:75 (1.5%) preferred

      * Exceptions in PROWAG

48” Min.

48” Min.


Pedestrian access route par r301 3 1
Pedestrian Access Route (PAR)R301.3.1

  • Continuous Width

    The minimum continuous and unobstructed clear width of a pedestrian access route shall be 4 ft, exclusive of the width of the curb

Measure from back of curb!

4’


For sidewalks within the

public right of way . . .

Sidewalk grade – ADASTF vs. PROWAG

ADASTF: Accessible Route: ramps, landings, railings, etc.

PROWAG: Pedestrian Access Route: match grade of road

ADASTFPROWAG


Surfaces of par r302 adastf 302 303

¼” max.

½” max.

Surfaces of PARR302 & ADASTF 302 & 303

  • Firm, stable, slip-resistant

    • Dry or wet!

  • Changes in level

    • ≤ ¼” – Vertical allowed

    • > ¼” ≤ ½” – 1:2 max. slope

    • > ½” – 1:12 max. slope


Surfaces r302 7 adastf 302

½” max.

SurfacesR302.7 & ADASTF 302

  • Horizontal ‘gaps’

    • Grates & expansion joints

      • ½” max.

    • Bascule bridges

      • 1¼” max.

    • Railroad crossings

      • (a) 2½” at passenger-only tracks

      • (b) 3” at freight tracks

1¼” max.

Moveable leaf

2½” max.

2½” max.

Fixed span

3” max.

3” max.


Protruding objects r402 adastf 307
Protruding ObjectsR402 & ADASTF 307

  • 27” – 80” range

  • Post-mounted – 12” max.

  • Wall mounted – 4” max.

  • Overhanging – 80” min.


Sidewalks

Sidewalks

(4’ min.)

(4’ min.)

Index 310

Quick review:

Pedestrian Access Route – 48” min. width

Check cross-slopes – 1:48 / 2% max.

Check Surfaces –Firm, Stable, Slip-resistant

Look for Level changes –¼” / ½”

Look for Protruding Objects – 27”-80”


Ramps adastf 405
RampsADASTF 405

5’ min.

30’ - 40’ max.

5’ min.

Top/Interim Landing

Depending on slope (see below)

Bottom Landing

“Level” means: 2% or less slope

30” max.


Curb ramps r304

X = 48” min.

12

Curb RampsR304

2%

7’- 4¼”

8.3%

  • Running Slopes (1:12 / 8.3% max.)

    • Ex.: 6” rise & 1:12 slope @ 2% = 7’-4¼” long

  • Cross-slopes (1:48 / 2% max.)

  • Landing at top (48” min.)

  • Detectable Warnings

ADAAG 4.7


Curb ramp grade
Curb Ramp Grade

  • Least possible slope is preferred

  • Recommended maximum grade to allow for construction tolerance – 7.1%

  • Maximum grade – 8.3%

  • Exception: when “chasing grade,” curb ramp length need not exceed 15’, but slope must be uniform

7.1% desirable

8.3% max


Change of grade counterslope r304 5 4

8.3% MAX

5% MAX

Counterslope Greater than

13.3% Not Permitted

8.3% MAX

5% MAX

24”

Provide 24” Level area if

Algebraic Difference Exceeds 11%

Change of Grade (Counterslope) R304.5.4

  • PROWAG allows 8.3% ramp and 5% grade at the adjacent street = 13.3% change of grade

  • Recommendation:

    • Provide 2’ level area if greater than 11.3%

See notes in Index 304


Detectable warnings r305
Detectable WarningsR305

  • Truncated domes only!

    • Design Standards – Index 304

  • At curb ramps

    • Full width of ramp & 24” deep

    • Not on flared sides

  • At landings and blended transitions

    • 24” deep from back of curb

Index 304


Detectable warnings
Detectable Warnings

  • Truncated Domes

    • Rectilinear pattern

  • Applied mat, tile, paver, thermoplastic

    • New construction

    • Retrofit, 3R

    • Maintenance

  • Color/contrast with

    surrounding materials

    • Light-on-dark, Dark-on-light

    • Black, brick-red, safety yellow, etc.

    • Not Blue!

2.35”

Index 304


Pedestrian crossings
Pedestrian Crossings

  • Slope of crossing = cross-slope of roadway

  • Cross-slope of crossing = grade of roadway

  • Cross-slope of crossing:

    • ‘STOP’-controlled: 2% max.

    • Non - ‘STOP’-controlled: 5% max.

      • i.e., ‘YIELD’, signalor no control

    • Mid-block: Match grade of roadway


Pedestrian detectors r209 mutcd 4e 08 4e 13
Pedestrian DetectorsR209 & MUTCD 4E.08-4E-13

  • In reach ranges

    • 42” FDOT Standard

    • 15” max. reach - over obstruction/edge of sidewalk

    • 2” dia. raised buttons

    • Between 1.5’-6’ from curb/roadway

      • Up to 10’ with physical constraints

  • Maneuvering space (30” x 48” min., ‘level’)

3’-6”

Index 17784

ADAAG 4.2


Accessible pedestrian signals mutcd 4e 09
Accessible Pedestrian SignalsMUTCD 4E-09

  • For pedestrians with vision impairments

  • Used in conjunction with pedestrian signal timing

  • Add “non-visual” information:

    • Tactile features

    • Audible tones

    • Vibrating surfaces

    • Speech messages

    • Must indicate which crossing

      is served by each device


Pushbutton locations mutcd 4e 10

Pushbutton Locations MUTCD 4E-10

  • NOTE: It must be clear which button controls which crossing. (per MUTCD).

  • If APSs cannot be placed at least 10 apart, they must ‘speak’ to you.


Accessible parking spaces parking lot fac 208 502
Accessible Parking Spaces(Parking lot) FAC 208 & 502

  • Accessible space

    • Width = 12’-0” min.

  • Access aisle

    • Width = 5’-0” min.

  • Curb cut

    • Outside space & aisle

  • Slopes

    • 1:50 max. any direction

Index 17346


Accessible parking spaces on street r214 r309
Accessible Parking Spaces (On-street) R214 & R309

  • Accessible on-street parking space per block perimeter – approx. 4% of total

    • Table R214

  • Parking spaces are best located where the roadway has the least cross-slope and profile grade, and close to key destinations (i.e., near crosswalks)


Maintenance of par 28 cfr 35 133

Maintenance of PAR28 CFR 35.133

Title II of the ADA requires public entities to maintain equipment and features of facilities to ensure accessibility to individuals with disabilities.


Alternate pedestrian access routes r205 r303 mutcd 6d 6g
Alternate Pedestrian Access Routes R205 & R303 & MUTCD 6D & 6G

  • Alternate Pedestrian Access Routes are required when an existing pedestrian access route is blocked by construction, alteration, maintenance, or other temporary condition.


Alternate pars
Alternate PARs

  • The alternate pedestrian access route shall be:

    • Provided on the same side of the street as the disrupted route, to the maximum extent feasible

    • Where exposed to adjacent construction, traffic or other hazards, shall be protected with a pedestrian barricade or channelization device with a hand-trailing edge

      • Continuous, stable, non-flexible

      • Consist of features identified in the MUTCD Chapter 6F

  • Plastic tape is not acceptable!!!

  • Rows of barrels and/or cones is not acceptable… (unless they are connected by a continuous ‘detectable edge’)


Course objectives in this course we ve discussed
Course Objectives…In this course, we've discussed…

  • The Basics of accessibility laws, regulations, standards and guidelines

    • Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act

    • Americans with Disabilities Act

      • ADA Standards (ADASTF)

      • Public ROW Guidelines (PROWAG)

  • Our responsibilities under 504 and the ADA

  • Basic accessibility requirements

  • Where to find information


Help is available
Help is available

  • State:

    • FDOT District ADA Coordinator

    • FDOT C.O. ADA Coordinator

  • Federal:

    • U.S. Architectural & Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board)

    • U.S. Department of Justice

    • U.S. Department of Transportation - FHWA


Resources

Resources

U.S. Access Board

Accessibility Guidelines - ADAAG

www.access-board.gov

U.S. Dept. of Justice - ADA

Accessibility Standards for Facilities & Sites

www.ada.gov

U.S. Dept. of Transportation – FHWA

Accessibility Guidance & Standards for Public Rights of Way

www.dot.gov/citizen_services/disability/disability.html

Florida Dept. of Transportation - FDOT

ADA information on Website

www.dot.state.fl.us/projectmanagementoffice/ADA/


Contact us

Contact us...

Dean Perkins, Architect

ADA Coordinator

850-414-4359

[email protected]

or

Your District

ADA Coordinator(s)


Thank you merci arigato dhanya vaad xie xie gracias shokran danke live long and prosper

Thank You!Merci! Arigato!DhanyaVaad!XieXie!Gracias!Shokran!Danke!Live long and prosper!


And now for the fun stuff
And Now… for the FUN stuff

!?!

ADA Quiz!


Ada quiz
ADA Quiz

  • On what date did the ADA become effective?

  • July 26, 1990

  • January 26, 1992

  • November 29, 2006

  • March 15, 2011

  • A

  • B

  • C

  • D


Ada quiz1
ADA Quiz

  • Under the ADA, what technical criteria are applied to FDOT roadway projects?

  • Section 504

  • ADA Standards for Accessible Design

  • ADA Standards for Transportation Facilities

  • Public Rights of Way Accessibility Guidelines

  • A and B

  • B and C

  • C and D

  • A and D


Ada quiz cont
ADA Quiz (cont.)

  • What are the criteria for an accessible route and a pedestrian access route?

  • Accessible Route – 36” min. width

  • Pedestrian Access Route – 48” min. width

  • Accessible Route – Meet ramp criteria

  • Pedestrian Access Route – Follow roadway grade

  • A and B

  • A and C

  • B and D

  • All of the Above


Ada quiz cont1
ADA Quiz (cont.)

  • What maximum cross-slope is allowed for an accessible route or a pedestrian access route under the ADA?

  • 2%

  • 8.3%

  • 5%

  • 1:12

  • A

  • B

  • C

  • D


Ada quiz cont2
ADA Quiz (cont.)

  • What are the surface requirements for a pedestrian access route?

  • Firm, stable & slip-resistant

  • ½” max. horizontal gap

  • ¼” max. vertical change-in-level

  • ½” max. ‘beveled’ change in level

  • A and B

  • C and D

  • B, C and D

  • All of the Above


Ada quiz cont3
ADA Quiz (cont.)

  • What are the ADA requirements for curb ramps?

  • 8.3% max. slope

  • 2% max. cross-slope

  • Detectable warnings at bottom

  • 48” landing at top

  • A and B

  • C and D

  • B, C and D

  • All of the Above


Ada quiz cont4
ADA Quiz (cont.)

  • What are the requirements for detectable warnings?

  • Truncated domes – rectilinear pattern

  • Color/contrast with surrounding materials

  • 24” deep and full width of flush transition

  • Black, brick red, yellow or blue

  • A and B

  • A, B and C

  • A, C and D

  • All of the Above


Ada quiz cont5
ADA Quiz (cont.)

  • What are the requirements for an alternate pedestrian access route?

  • Detectable edge 2” above surface

  • Hand-trailing edge 32-36” above surface

  • Plastic tape

  • Cones or Barrels

  • A and B

  • C and D

  • A, B and C

  • None of the Above


Ada quiz cont6
ADA Quiz (cont.)

  • What are the criteria for protruding objects in a walkway?

  • 4” maximum offset from wall

  • 12" maximum offset from post

  • Between 27” and 80” above the surface

  • Between 27" and 84" above the surface

  • A, B and C

  • A and D

  • B and C

  • B and D


Ada quiz cont7
ADA Quiz (cont.)

  • What are the criteria for accessible pedestrian signals?

  • Audible and tactile features

  • Push-Buttons in reach ranges

  • Between 1.5’ and 6’ from roadway edge

  • ‘Maneuvering space’ in front of button

  • A and B

  • C and D

  • B, C and D

  • All of the Above


Ada quiz cont8
ADA Quiz (cont.)

  • And, finally . . . The BONUS Question!

  • Who must comply with the ADA?

  • ALL of us!


Thank You! Merci! TodahRabbah Arigato!DhanyaVaad!XieXie!Gracias!Shokran!Danke!Live long and prosper!


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