History of ed tech
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History of Ed. Tech. 3300B.C. Use of pointed sticks to inscript signs and symbols on leaves and bark of trees. 3100 B.C. Cuneiform in Mesopotamia was developed In Mesopotamia clay remains the most common writing surface

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History of Ed. Tech.

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History of Ed. Tech.


3300B.C

  • Use of pointed sticks to inscript signs and symbols on leaves and bark of trees


3100 B.C

  • Cuneiform in Mesopotamia was developed

  • In Mesopotamia clay remains the most common writing surface

  • Characters are formed from the wedge-shaped marks which the reed makes when pressed into the damp clay, so the style of writing becomes known as cuneiform (from the Latin cuneus, meaning wedge).


3000 B.C

• Hieroglyphics and Papyrus in Egypt

• Spartan Education

• Athenian Education

  • There gradually emerge three official versions of the script (known technically as hieratic) which is used by the scribes. There is one, the most formal, for religious documents; one for literature and official documents; and one for private letters.

  • The Egyptian scribe uses a fine reed pen to write on the smooth surface of the papyrus scroll.


600 A.D

  • Feather pens, more commonly known as quill pens, first came into usage in Seville, Spain around 600 AD.

  • wood block printing was invented, and soon after in 740 A.D., the first printed newspaper was achieved in China.


888A.D

  • Diamond Sutra was printed


1440

  • Johannes Gutenburg completed the printing press


1658

  • OrbisPictus (The World in Pictures) by Johann Amos Comenius was published


1790

  • Pencil was invented

  • Computers

  • Cassette Tapes

  • Cellular mobile phone and the E-mail.


1801

  • Use of blackboards in academic military schools


1805

  • Pestalozzi Method was developed

  • Pestalozzi published “Wie Gertrud ihre Kinder lehrt” (How Gertrud Teaches her Children) in 1801 and then his so-called Elementary Books, especially the “Buch der Muumltter” (Books for Mothers) in 1803.


1826

  • First permanent image using Camera Obscura

  • It is used in drawing and for entertainment, and was one of the inventions that led to photography.


1840

  • Froebel coined the word “kindergarten”

  • He renamed his Play and Activity Institute to a ‘kindergarten’ two years later in 1840.


1884

  • First proper fountain pen was invented

  • Lewis Waterman patented the first practical fountain pen in 1884. Writing instruments designed to carry their own supply of ink had existed in principle for over one hundred years before Waterman's patent.


1907

  • Maria Montessori’s Casa dei Bambini was established

  • She discovered that the children at The Casa dei Bambini used the same materials she had originally devised for the "mentally deficient" children, but showed much more concentration, would continually repeat the exercise, and appeared calm, satisfied and happy with the activity.


1920’s

  • Use of educational films

  • Sidney Pressey’s teaching machines


1920s

  • the first robot built.

  • The first 3-D movie

  • The television

  • Loudspeaker

  • Watch


1930s

  • Airing of first instructional TV

  • 16mm sound motion picture was developed


1930s

  • radio telescope.

  • Frequency modulation (FM radio)

  • Stereo records invented.

  • tape recorder

  • the voice recognition machine.


1940s

  • Movies, filmstrips, radio, and other pictorial devices were used in military trainings

  • Invention of Memex by Vanevar Bush

  • Modern version of ball point pen was invented


1950s

  • Skinner’s Programmed Instruction

  • Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives


1960s

  • Use of whiteboard

  • Use of computers in schools

  • Systems approach to designing instruction was introduced

  • Instructional films became more creative and more accessible


1960s

  • Audio cassette

  • Calculator

  • Computer mouse


1970s

  • Development of needs assessment procedures

  • Proliferation of instructional design models

  • Floppy disk

  • LCD

  • Videocassette

  • Laser printer


1980s

  • Digitized communication and networking in education started

  • CBI / CBT flourished

  • disposable camera

  • Digital cellular phones

  • High-definition television invented.


1990s

  • Hypertext and hypermedia influence the field

  • Learning management systems (LMS) were used

  • World Wide Web

  • DVD

  • Web TV


2000s

  • Internet technologies are more integrated in the academe

  • Web 2.0 tools

  • Web conferencing


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