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Chapter 13 - South. Section 2 – Southern Society. Southern Society & Culture. During the first half of the 1800s, only about 1/3 of white southern families had slaves. Fewer families had plantations. Planters. Wealthiest members Show off wealth/live simply More power and wealth than yeomen

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chapter 13 south

Chapter 13 - South

Section 2 – Southern Society

southern society culture
Southern Society & Culture
  • During the first half of the 1800s, only about 1/3 of white southern families had slaves.
  • Fewer families had plantations
planters
Planters
  • Wealthiest members
    • Show off wealth/live simply
    • More power and wealth than yeomen
  • Males
    • Raised crops and supervised slaves
    • Household duties left to the wife
      • Raising of the children
      • Supervised slave work inside the house
      • Cooked, cleaned…
    • Kids had arranged marriages
yeomen poor whites
Yeomen & Poor Whites
  • Most white southerners were yeomen
    • Owners of small farms
    • Owned few slaves or none at all
    • Farms were typically 100 acres
  • Poorest of whites lived on land that could not grow crops.
    • Survived by hunting, fishing, raising small gardens and doing odd jobs for money
religion
Religion
  • Most shared similar religious beliefs
  • Usually only saw neighbors at church events
african americans
African Americans
  • Free African Americans lived in both rural and urban areas
    • Worked as paid laborers on plantations/farms
  • Faced constant discrimination from white southerners. Most free African Americans could not:
    • Vote
    • Travel freely
    • Hold certain jobs
the slave system work
The Slave System - Work
  • Gang-labor system
    • All worked on the same task at the same time.
    • Sunup to sundown
    • Men, women and children (10+)
    • Sickness and poor weather no excuse.
  • Working in the Home
    • Butlers, cooks, nurses
    • Better food, clothing and shelter
    • Worked longer hours (24 hours a day)
the slave system life
The Slave System - Life
  • Property not people
  • Bought and sold slaves (auction)
  • Poor living conditions
    • Dirt floor cabins
    • Leaky roofs
    • Cheap fabric clothing
punishment slave codes
Punishment & Slave Codes
  • Obedience
    • Offered more food or better living conditions
  • Punishment
    • In front of other slaves
  • Codes
    • Laws
      • Prohibited traveling far from homes
      • No education
        • Fining and whipping
the slave system culture
The Slave System - Culture
  • Family most important aspect
  • Feared separation more than punishment
  • Passed down folktales (stories) to ensure the children didn’t forget their heritage.
  • Christians
    • Music and songs to express their beliefs
rebellion
Rebellion
  • Worked slower to protest long hours
  • Ran away for a few days
  • Escaping to the North
    • If discovered, sent back home and punished/death
  • Violent revolts
rebellion1
Rebellion
  • Nat Turner’s Rebellion (August 1831)
    • Most violent
    • Led a group of slaves in a plan to kill all slaveholders and families
    • Attacked Turner’s slave holder.
    • Killed 60 white people in community
    • More than 100 innocent slaves were killed in attempt to stop rebellion
    • 6 weeks. Executed November 11, 1831
    • Strengthened slave code
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