Chapter 13 south
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Chapter 13 - South. Section 2 – Southern Society. Southern Society & Culture. During the first half of the 1800s, only about 1/3 of white southern families had slaves. Fewer families had plantations. Planters. Wealthiest members Show off wealth/live simply More power and wealth than yeomen

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Chapter 13 - South

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Chapter 13 south

Chapter 13 - South

Section 2 – Southern Society


Southern society culture

Southern Society & Culture

  • During the first half of the 1800s, only about 1/3 of white southern families had slaves.

  • Fewer families had plantations


Planters

Planters

  • Wealthiest members

    • Show off wealth/live simply

    • More power and wealth than yeomen

  • Males

    • Raised crops and supervised slaves

    • Household duties left to the wife

      • Raising of the children

      • Supervised slave work inside the house

      • Cooked, cleaned…

    • Kids had arranged marriages


Yeomen poor whites

Yeomen & Poor Whites

  • Most white southerners were yeomen

    • Owners of small farms

    • Owned few slaves or none at all

    • Farms were typically 100 acres

  • Poorest of whites lived on land that could not grow crops.

    • Survived by hunting, fishing, raising small gardens and doing odd jobs for money


Religion

Religion

  • Most shared similar religious beliefs

  • Usually only saw neighbors at church events


African americans

African Americans

  • Free African Americans lived in both rural and urban areas

    • Worked as paid laborers on plantations/farms

  • Faced constant discrimination from white southerners. Most free African Americans could not:

    • Vote

    • Travel freely

    • Hold certain jobs


The slave system work

The Slave System - Work

  • Gang-labor system

    • All worked on the same task at the same time.

    • Sunup to sundown

    • Men, women and children (10+)

    • Sickness and poor weather no excuse.

  • Working in the Home

    • Butlers, cooks, nurses

    • Better food, clothing and shelter

    • Worked longer hours (24 hours a day)


The slave system life

The Slave System - Life

  • Property not people

  • Bought and sold slaves (auction)

  • Poor living conditions

    • Dirt floor cabins

    • Leaky roofs

    • Cheap fabric clothing


Punishment slave codes

Punishment & Slave Codes

  • Obedience

    • Offered more food or better living conditions

  • Punishment

    • In front of other slaves

  • Codes

    • Laws

      • Prohibited traveling far from homes

      • No education

        • Fining and whipping


The slave system culture

The Slave System - Culture

  • Family most important aspect

  • Feared separation more than punishment

  • Passed down folktales (stories) to ensure the children didn’t forget their heritage.

  • Christians

    • Music and songs to express their beliefs


Rebellion

Rebellion

  • Worked slower to protest long hours

  • Ran away for a few days

  • Escaping to the North

    • If discovered, sent back home and punished/death

  • Violent revolts


Rebellion1

Rebellion

  • Nat Turner’s Rebellion (August 1831)

    • Most violent

    • Led a group of slaves in a plan to kill all slaveholders and families

    • Attacked Turner’s slave holder.

    • Killed 60 white people in community

    • More than 100 innocent slaves were killed in attempt to stop rebellion

    • 6 weeks. Executed November 11, 1831

    • Strengthened slave code


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