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Summary Postmodern Theological Worldview . James Van Slyke. Postmodern Worldview. 1. What is There? Dependent upon Metaphysics From Theology Eternal, knowable, loving God His/Her creation Humans Animals Natural laws Cosmos/Big Bang . Postmodern Worldview.

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postmodern worldview
Postmodern Worldview
  • 1. What is There?
    • Dependent upon Metaphysics
    • From Theology
      • Eternal, knowable, loving God
      • His/Her creation
        • Humans
        • Animals
        • Natural laws
        • Cosmos/Big Bang
postmodern worldview1
Postmodern Worldview
  • 2. How is it Organized?
    • Hierarchy of sciences
    • Theology or Metaphysics at top
    • Each level in the hierarchy asks Boundary questions
      • Some questions need answers from another science
      • Each science is impacted by the theories in other sciences, up and down
postmodern worldview2
Postmodern Worldview
  • 3. What makes things happen?
    • Causation is both bottom-up and top down
    • Larger systems in nature, society, God; act on the other parts of the system
    • Parts impact the system and create changes
    • Must understand reality from both a component and systems perspective
postmodern worldview3
Postmodern Worldview
  • 4. What is the place of human beings in the cosmos? Ethics
    • Dependent on different sciences in the system
    • Science provides different aspects of humanity; instinctual drives, physiological makeup
    • Psychology gives us understanding of development
    • Theology provides understanding of the value of humanity to each other and God
postmodern worldview4
Postmodern Worldview
  • 5. How should we live? Ethics
    • Different aspects of theology
      • Biblical Studies
      • Theories of Interpretation
      • Systematic Theology
      • Practical Theology
    • Historical and Contextual Questions
      • Respond to questions from culture
      • Important to contextualize Ethical dilemmas and problems
postmodern worldview5
Postmodern Worldview
  • 6. What is ultimately important?
    • Theology or Metaphysics
    • Provides direction and purpose for life
    • Lens or View through which reality is understood
    • Helps to shed light to the pattern found in reality
postmodern worldview6
Postmodern Worldview
  • 7. How do we know?
    • Holistic view of justification of truth
    • Important to distinguish between things that are true and how those truths are justified
    • Whole paradigms are either accepted or rejected
    • Truth is justified by connection to other theories and in connection to ‘data’
justifying religious claims
Justifying Religious Claims
  • Modern Tendencies
    • Seek to find out that which is indubitable and build your theology from there
    • ‘Shore up’ the bible or provide arguments for existence of God – foundationalism
    • Reductive – Gospel can be reduced to one thing or a few key principles
    • Emphasis on adoption of certain propositional statements
    • Individual decision-making
justifying religious claims1
Justifying Religious Claims
  • Postmodern tendencies
    • Engagement of Culture – understand different perspectives; importance of context
    • Gospel is not reduced – holistic view
      • Both the embodiment of the story (action)
      • Revealing the truth to culture
    • Apologetics is about the process of engagement, rather than a single method
      • My favorite apologist
    • Coherence rather than Evidential Perspective
religious epistemology
Religious Epistemology
  • Using MacIntyre
    • Understand other religions from the inside
      • Spoken as a first language
      • Understand perspective, history
    • Use our tradition to explain missing aspects in another
      • During a crisis in another faith
      • Or simply in comparison; may be used for a later time
    • Socially embodied – both our beliefs and what we do with them shows our viewpoint to be true
evangelism as communal practice
Evangelism as Communal Practice
  • Embodying the Christian Narrative
    • What the church does as a whole should be an important part of evangelism
    • Not just individuals ministering to other individuals
  • Engaging others using our language
    • Being Salt; Light
    • Using our language to describe other person’s situation and problems from a Christian perspective
conversion as communal
Conversion as Communal
  • Joining our telling of the story
    • May join because of failures in their own worldview
    • May be curious
    • Relationships may give person’s a view of a different worldview
  • Not just individual acceptance of cognitive content
    • Personal stories from ‘outsiders’ help us to understand our own better
    • Provide new aspects and viewpoints and ways to embody the story
    • Not just a change in attitude, but also a change in action
  • Complex Concept
    • Past, present, and future
    • Have been saved, are being saved, shall be saved
  • Forgiveness, Faith, Right Relationship (Protestant)
  • Presence of Christ, Union with Christ (Catholic)
  • Way of life, discipleship (anabaptist)
  • Needs to involves several aspects, not just one