Section 18.3. The Female Reproductive System. Objectives. Describe three functions of the female reproductive system. Summarize the stages of the menstrual cycle. Identify five ways to keep the female reproductive system healthy. Dear Advice Line,
The Female Reproductive System
Describe three functions of the female reproductive system.
Summarize the stages of the menstrual cycle.
Identify five ways to keep the female reproductive system healthy.
I’ve been going to the same male doctor since I was a little kid. My doctor is really nice, but since my body started developing, I just don’t feel comfortable having my checkups with him anymore. I’d like to see a female doctor. Is it OK to feel this way? What should I do?
Do you think this girl’s feelings are normal? Write back with your advice.
When watching your favorite music videos, what messages are conveyed about sex? Consider these questions as they relate to music videos.
Is there non-verbal flirting (such as suggestive body positions or touching)?
Does anyone dress suggestively or take off any clothing?
Does anyone use force to touch or kiss someone?
Is there sexual bias—a greater emphasis on women’s or men’s bodies?
A “Yes” answer to one or more questions may indicate a video that presents sex in an unhealthy way.
Days 1–4 The uterine lining is shed during menstruation.
Days 5–13 An egg matures in one of the ovaries, and the uterine lining starts to thicken.
Days 14–15 The ovary releases the mature egg during ovulation.
Days 16–22 The egg travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus, and the uterine lining continues to thicken.
Days 23–28 The unfertilized egg enters the uterus.
The Menstrual Cycle
For: More on the menstrual cycle
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Caring for the female reproductive system involves
The reproductive cells in females.
The female reproductive glands.
The female sex hormone that signals certain physical changes at puberty and controls the maturation of eggs.
A hormone that signals changes to a woman’s reproductive system during the menstrual cycle and pregnancy.
The process during which one of the ovaries releases a ripened egg.
The passageways that carry eggs away from the ovaries.
The hollow, muscular, pear-shaped organ in which a fertilized egg develops and grows.
The hollow, muscular passage leading from the uterus to the outside of the female body.
The process during which an ovary releases a mature egg that travels to the uterus; if the egg is not fertilized, the uterine lining is shed and a new cycle begins.
The time of life during which the ovaries slow down their hormone production and no longer release mature eggs.
A medical procedure in which a sample of cells is taken from the cervix and examined under a microscope.
An X-ray of the breast that may detect breast cancer.
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